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Tell me about childhood.
Who was -- -- -- seen as a boy.
Millions of other kids Brooklyn New York.
Played center stick ball hit the streets.
The public school system of the city of New York.
Really benefited enormously because I've had a special opportunity what's that I scored -- -- among other things.
Played the piano and so forth so it.
Had exposure to something really fantastic.
That duke university and so them.
And into the business world and so it in the business world for a little over sixty is my life.
So it's a yeah -- -- finished in time.
And as a young child what what -- your parents emphasized most was it about music was it about friends was about school wasn't.
Music was a very important part about classical music -- by -- much put us to sleep every night.
-- playing Chopin -- of his circus -- -- us for the quite quite extraordinary influence while debates -- -- little problems.
But always classical music so it just grew up hearing -- disgruntled time.
His father was a real estate -- And so what I heard nothing but real estate transactions are up across the dinner table and so what.
It's sad world of music that real estate -- in which I grew up and so it just became -- part of my life.
Had I transitioned from back from a fragment from a child.
So -- Went to school at the national school -- went to the business world and have been the rest -- this world ever since it's a wonderful time.
They introduced to -- music and real estate.
And culture in this big city -- you must look back.
Say man I'm so thankful from parents.
I was extremely fortunate.
Because I was privileged have a terrific relationship with both my father and mother from it.
And I'm going above the streets of but the city -- will be a fantastic place because there was so much available to.
As a child that that yet.
-- that everything was here.
Physically everything was -- -- tell you that he had sports if you wish to.
And -- -- them yeah so they had the musical arts for the theatrical arts before deductible kinds.
-- the most incredible suburbs but he seems.
And so had exposure to what what this as a child.
As we didn't have much.
That's -- special we have we have left at the time.
Have the opportunity of access to everything he was was incredibly lower cost.
But I started dating -- the Staten Island ferry was a wonderful place -- Think it did an -- I -- again you can have fantastic -- I'd see the sites were just remarkable.
That was one of the joys of being beaten here in the city New York every morning I spent -- -- trade center.
July the 26 forward.
It's -- meeting with tenants.
Having breakfast meetings at windows.
We're going downstairs thereafter after the practice means for the Tenet the task as it -- with one -- two other tenants in the building to the palace.
Because the whole place the whole concept was -- to take advantage of the opportunity.
Of leasing space in these buildings that the buildings were well at least but that was significant upside potential.
Inherent in the ownership of these bullets which the hope of spotted by.
And so -- my first obligation.
We would like -- get to -- them understand what the needs work determine how I could best serve those needs.
And benefit as a result of the benefits and benefit ourselves.
We were pleased to have discussions like that what windows on the world that morning the morning at 9 o'clock.
Wife had made to put before them with a dermatologist.
Yes it's yet Michael with their -- skipped.
The sun doesn't count -- constantly and so with regularity.
I've -- that dermatologists.
And on this particular morning about what had -- appointment for me to go.
And perhaps an embarrassing -- we've got canceled it dermatologists at -- out of town I'm going demonstrates that.
She got upset.
And today it was about fifty -- is -- that I was married 4940 yeah 46 years 45 years and said.
Don't panic don't get it fit the -- yes -- what's -- what's that gets upset which if you can't let that happen such okay what have you wanted to sort of and so what I consider this to that.
Going got tough times -- to go to the dermatologist who -- so many people in that building and oh yes many many many mindless you just yet.
So of course at that time my two children were on their way down to work.
In the Twin Towers -- the company was already ensconced in temporary space and the Twin Towers.
Can't tell us about it if -- the plane hit that the first plane hit fifteen minutes later.
After the would have wiped and did so -- this has to -- cut very very lucky we didn't lose however for people.
With six children that that was horrendous experience.
And of course the experience that followed -- eleven.
Has been transformed.
-- -- products that are very major way.
It's hard to imagine what you've been through over the last nine years as a lot there are out there are a lot of cooks in -- kitchen.
Shepherd it's been a challenge of that major proportions.
Dealing with and dealing with four governors of the Sydney -- soon to be safe and it's unified governance of the -- -- Dealing with them.
Actually when we started mayor Giuliani was that -- -- that of course he was succeeded by Michael Bloomberg Michael's been in office now for all of these years and just having his constancy.
Has been fabulous to actually -- And so but the multitude this leadership of political leaders.
Every time you have a new governor.
Each governor has its own agenda and get them myself and its -- Attitudes.
They bring so that it but it brings.
A level of uncertainty.
Because each new political leader comes in Boston.
Stopped to look at everything and reevaluate everything.
And that's just not make for -- consistency does not make for predictability does not make for risk for rip tide floats.
It is Saturday.
It is an element of uncertainty.
Which is which is.
Which is the enemy have.
Most business considerations you need the business -- predictability.
But you need to fitness -- decisions.
That are that are.
That supported by future decisions but that.
To have a lack of predictability lacks certainty as say yeah.
This -- that's.
And so we've been faced with many challenges here not the least of which is -- -- political leadership.
As you were watching the towers burned.
I'm confident your your view of your primary thoughts were about the people you love and though you were.
There had have been some consideration at the time -- What happens now my my buildings are falling and.
One of the first thoughts.
Was what would happen now.
It became obvious to me.
Sought to destroy.
-- way of life this is an attack on America could attack on an American values and attack on everything we stand for in this country.
-- rebuild these buildings.
Would be to give the terrorists.
Exactly what they were looking for and so.
Life began to think about it.
My lawyers told me that I had signs agreements.
Complicating the heat to pay any ground rent.
For -- the next 99 years.
-- 120 million dollars -- year increasing over time.
No patent provisions because nobody ever anticipated what would happen -- -- eleven.
And so -- any I have the obligation -- the ground right.
-- The -- is also obligated me to repair any damage that would be course by any kind of -- -- event fire or whatever again no -- ever anticipated that a lot of and she had to do as quickly.
As possible effect to it expeditiously.
And so what.
I simply thought about it shipments of okay these -- my applications.
Let's go and rebuilt it and let's go to the best for our ability.
You were speaking of the day of the attacks in the weeks and months that followed -- -- all of us is New Yorkers changed during that time.
Through the trees around your reflecting pool are expected to be there for 200 years.
200 years from now you come back and people need to know something about those days and those times when we if you could what would what would you begin with.
I think the first thing.
Is the extraordinary coverage.
Of -- human beings.
Who place themselves -- enormous apparel.
Well to that site.
Under extraordinarily difficult editions with fire.
Which would put.
They -- that it's terrible to pretty.
Put the ball -- pretty.
And in an effort to rescue.
-- -- -- it it was really an extraordinarily.
It was sudden.
It was a time when and win them.
Instead of thinking about man's inhumanity to man.
He was just for the first he was man's attempt to help fellow man in any way they could.
It was a beautiful thing it was sent actually inspiring.
And majored in Beijing but it but it probably.
It is just -- -- -- price.
When they Sony Europe has come together.
An effort to help each other.
Under extraordinarily different petitions and taking taking taking.
Enormous exposure to themselves.
To life to live and certainly the equality was horrendous of course many many -- there after.
Years later as a result of the.
But they won't be able to smell it and tasted the way we did -- itself.
-- -- still friends from other places.
That's the experience you don't know and I wonder if there's a way that you can think -- to try to.
Translate that I know that's part of the effort here.
I think the best way to translate that.
Is to reflect on what's happening here.
As evidence of man's resolve.
When attacked not to -- Before.
Terrorists of any kind.
People who seek to destroy you.
Have to be prevented from doing it again.
And by virtue of coming back.
In defiance of their -- This the best reflection you can't have determination of proposed solved.
And that recognition of the importance.
Of everything we stand for in America -- -- very emotional and it knows that it's also very emotional.
And so we'll have.
Describe those emotions if you will.
So much so much time has elapsed.
To get the process going to get to get.
At least function.
To pull together.
That it's been it's been extremely challenging.
Daunting if you will.
And so -- the level of frustration.
You know sort of percolate it.
Two enormous proportions.
In the early years.
Until the point where we're -- today.
Tickets will be -- today.
I was sick herculean effort.
But at the end of the day.
Sometimes you're blessed.
Solid leadership that can make all the difference in the world I would tell you what Mayor Bloomberg Michael Bloomberg has done a superb job.
Here in terms of moving everything forward -- to date we have three.
We have everybody pulling together.
And the State of New York the student teachers.
And the Port Authority.
To accomplish what you -- now seen.
Has this progress.
-- -- you look up to -- that you could see.
The the Freedom Tower tower number one.
You can see the footprints.
The the original mortality -- -- south tower.
Taking shape in the memorial park.
That's the part the definition of the park itself.
The delineation of the park becoming much more clear you can see the buildings you PCB east -- up that was that was.
Of the construction of three office -- -- going to be building there and closely.
So all that is now beginning to go forward.
-- -- -- -- -- It was their time when you doubted it was just so cumbersome it's so -- red tape so many governments.
I never had doubt.
I just said to myself we can't afford failed stimulus that failed out of alternatives if not an option we just have to go got to get this done.
We -- look at the with the table look -- I thought for the thirtieth floor looked at all of this or look up from this floor of the tenth.
And you could see the specifics of what is happening what's transpiring.
And to see this level of activity.
It is extremely.
Considering everything that's going on until that so we are right at this juncture we are clearly this -- is what we know the tracks.
The give it to the traits and it is beginning to is beginning to to to to rise.
And took by the end of this year you're gonna -- significantly more activity that you see that today and bye -- yeah.
-- -- -- -- -- This place -- -- unbelievable terms of level of activity.
It's quite spectacular but it's -- Beginning to happen and of course you -- have hero to the twenty billion dollars worth of development activity.
That's what -- -- create.
That trade center and tell them what you recognize that.
The quality of architecture.
It's going to produce iconic buildings.
That'll be spectacular.
We put together a wonderful of architects.
-- -- -- -- Let's get more -- seven we had David Childs to sign the Freedom Tower tower one as well we chose moment Foster.
-- crutches and -- vehicle market.
Each Pritzker prize winning architects each each architects would would for now with iconic skyscrapers to the credit around the globe.
Deciding tell -- 23 and four respectively.
-- general -- talk a world renowned architect.
Who was known for exquisite.
Architectural statements when it comes to and -- -- terminals and -- so what -- just such.
Has decide what will be the most magnificent.
One and a half times larger the Grand Central Terminal that stack in terms of its beauty.
And so what what this will be rising he.
And then just a matter of a few years do you look at -- and they -- an eclectic group.
The architectural quality which would be unfair unmatched.
In this city gear for forward forward proximity.
And -- -- site you'll have these six architectural -- That people look at it I can't expect fantastic.
What we what we think we're going to.
But what will ultimately develop here.
-- the completed -- and got the same impact.
That Rockefeller -- yeah.
-- on the Fifth Avenue apartment.
The on the west side in the thirties is exactly what look at them.
Have here -- -- 201420152016.
When this is done.
The impact -- will be powerful.
And safety measures was so much of this project you had to be able to convince people you're going to be safe here and the safety measures are unparalleled.
-- really shepherd these buildings well first we we designed and built the new seven.
To a standard that's totally -- building -- It didn't infants and the United States.
It's probably the safest building and the best building at that.
-- in the world.
Certainly in terms of our press office buildings and the standards.
That we that we.
Developed the structure of this building which is this a totally beyond -- Are inherent now on the decide the beach the buildings that we're building here so let's guess will be the quality of what's gonna talk actual quality.
Life safety and also.
These buildings -- all leed certified he's built his whole.
Bill to the to the -- gold standard.
And took what you've got is a political.
Of sensitivity and awareness of the importance of our environment.
And how it treats us and how we need to treat it.
And so technological.
Capability here is that's beyond beyond anything.
That's happening in.
Anywhere that we're familiar with in America today and at least my mind because this is a 24/7.
And and so.
It is it is.
The results of this challenge that we look forward to.
And 2014 point 8152016.
I suspect we should be able to look out.
About windows and see how the results of this massive effort.
Which I think -- should hopefully.
Bully -- Chris.
I know we're trying to do the best job we possibly can.
We're working now assiduously with the -- Never got to get this done couple all of -- together in -- and it's very tight timeframe.
And senate this little -- my mind I don't know that we're gonna get this done.
And get it done to equality to a level.
That will work -- that New Yorkers will look at say.
They've done a hell of a job and that's that's that's our challenge.
Can you visualize that day when when they cut the ribbon and people come in and it all comes together well I remember if I remember.
I think the 26 day of July of 2000 what governor Pataki gave me.
A massive pair of scissors.
-- -- is to have because was huge and have with which to cut the -- But we -- we took title to the Twin Towers that well we'll have a ribbon cutting ceremony here or not.
What will transpire and that that particular day this group of days ought to protect.
But will it be exciting.
I hope -- I hope not only 79 is a page so I hope to be around that time.
I hope to be able to enjoy it and so they participate.
It's -- ribbon -- -- to be part of it.
And all of this has been worth the challenge if you back up nine years would you take this path again.
-- what I know today have not quite sure but but you know as things evolved.
You sort of rise to the occasion and you meet the challenges of each challenge brings a new set of challenges.
And so what the multiplicity the most -- this level of these challenges on the complexity involved -- them there's something I never anticipated.
But it's quite amazing when you set your sights on something.
Never to lose your focus she just if you if it's something worthwhile doing then you have to bring with that they actually bring to -- -- passion.
To get it -- And so that's not simply set my sights on getting this done.
But because I think it's -- he usually important for only purpose.
Hence and so at the end of the day.
I just want to see it accomplished the best of our ability and I'm convinced that -- program the right track to do that.
We look back over this.
Is there something that that needs to be told about this experience that you have it yet discussed is there.
Series of events or something that you feel like we -- now.
We'll only have enough to -- looking back on all of this.
I have a sense.
That we participated.
To the best of their ability.
In doing something extraordinary.
Something needed to be done.
Needed to reflect.
-- -- -- Something that.
Retains a sense of spirit and conviction.
Has to the path of just taking.
And in life.
What would you values so that values that we have here in America are extraordinary.
And to be up.
Part of this be able to be able to rebuild this.
22 values that this country espouses.
I think is sort of disgusting.
Privilege and I consider myself to have been privileged and be privileged to participate in -- -- -- -- blessed in that regard.
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