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And Oliver North and this is Cooper mountain high in the Colorado Rockies and it was done this very slow this.
That the tough and tenacious -- of the legendary tenth mountain division trained for battle during World War II.
The tank was America's first and only -- warfare division in the face one of the toughest tasks -- Second World War.
To break Hitler's iron grip.
In the mountains of northern middle.
In this episode -- war stories you'll hear from the man who fought -- high altitude battles among them senator Bob Dole.
And we'll hear their struggles with unrelenting -- the rain.
And the weather.
Forcing flight since the slopes in bitter -- Tonight you'll discover why all of those who've ever worn the tenth mountain division which are proud to be called the mountaineers.
Lawrence -- article.
-- a -- McBride.
-- The -- of the tenth mountain division remember their dead 57 years after the end of World War II.
Half a world away -- of the new tenth mountain division fight the war on terror in Afghanistan.
The serene and picturesque mountains of the American west the birthplace of the tenth.
America's first and only mountain division.
-- -- -- dates back thousands of years regular -- regiments appeared in Scandinavia by the 15100 us.
Snow and cold was a major factor for George Washington's army of valley forge and 1777.
And was a major fight on skis when Russia invaded Finland.
-- huge battles for.
Thousands of men on skis -- -- the wide -- and steps.
Northern Europe -- with lots dad was a member of the ten.
He's the author of a book on the division soldiers on skis and he heads the Colorado military history museum.
Combat didn't stop because.
-- said to him but in America took a tireless civilian to convince the war department that it would soon -- its own soldiers and schemes.
The Germans have their -- figured.
The Italians are -- they need.
There were mountains -- -- soldiers in narrowed opposition army achievement it.
His name was Charles let out -- has known as -- and he's the founder of the national ski patrol.
Volunteers and rescue injured skiers.
So many became the spokesperson.
Took it upon himself to.
-- that persuading -- might say to try to create this within the United States there.
Initially the government.
Had no interest student -- went to the top writing president Roosevelt and army chief of staff general George Marshall.
It worked in the fall of 41 Marshall gave the order to former regiment about a thousand men for an experimental mountain force.
American album true training and tactics of mountain warfare.
And fourth most in the state of Washington they're organizing special -- who operate from in the rugged high.
The activation date of this experiment was the fifteenth of November just.
22 days before Pearl Harbor.
Earl Clark grew up in Chicago during the depression after graduating from high school he get -- west to Colorado as rocky mountain.
There's a little bit of paradise.
-- fell in -- -- the -- it's just instantly he became an experienced mountain climber during Summers of the grand tee times and he knew the ski troops -- for him.
That was what I was pointed toward because of my skiing and mountaineering well I have three letters of recommendation at that time for the tenth mountain division.
You Evans was born -- Sandra -- California and became -- -- clearance year as a youth.
Spent some time in the high Sierra.
On six we pack trips I was reading of the Christian Science Monitor when evening it.
It was a little story about the formation of the 87 round infantry Richard.
Bob Parker was the son of a teacher from an old New England -- you fell in love with skiing as a team.
The word out careless and there -- -- -- at all.
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Old Hickory boards with no -- -- Toast strapped -- binding.
And the questions for Steve which it didn't give you much purchase on this piece.
They pretty much ran efficiently gotten to the bottom of the hill and then made some kind of turned it.
Went back up but it was wonderful fun that it still -- Then there's the newly minted mountain troops were undergoing the first trading on the slopes of washing is not -- year.
Then bombed Pearl Harbor.
It made it look up on the map.
Didn't know much about geography.
I was at the University of Kansas attending -- farewell party and out of my classes that stuff that I remembered like it happened yesterday.
Bob Dole would later fight valiantly in the mountains of Italy and eventually run for the highest office in the -- It had a big change of a generation of course and -- in a member of the illicit reserve in December 1942.
With more declared our forces begin a massive mobilization.
And general Marshal -- a tripling the size of the mountain regiment.
We -- to mountain climbers skiers.
You'll spinners to handle the pack animals.
-- -- veterinarians.
87 quickly swallowed up most of the college ski teams from the east along with their coaches most of them were Europeans.
The famous olympians join one of the most famous world champion ski jumper -- to -- from Norway.
-- among jumpers was part of total.
1 march 2 record for the longest jump of his -- -- tremendous league of 288 feet.
But there were ordinary Europeans to even Germans well I got my first gays don't know -- fiction.
Bob Meyer -- was born in Munich and spent much of his youth hiking and skiing in the rugged peaks where skiing was born the Alps.
Just walking up moment we did a lot of then Hitler's dark cloud begin to spread across his native land.
My father was Jewish and my mother was Catholic and my mother saw the handwriting on belongs to you but -- So he meant to San Francisco and and he told me when you come on over -- Bob was considered an enemy alien -- -- fell in love with American wanted to join the army.
His skis -- and several letters of recommendation got him in a -- a ski instructor and -- -- very much.
All these -- of the mountains coming together in one place camaraderie -- morale rents sky high.
And -- traditions along with soon -- Hope they.
It would give them -- You know first cadre of officers in the 87.
Formed a singing group.
When they're on Mount -- -- -- -- -- At Fort Lewis they made up a lot of these wonderful songs I think had a couple Beers and -- They took -- -- and Europeans on human sounds and change the words to suit our environment and situation.
And for instance the famous bell bottomed trousers one of the great sums of the navy became ninety pounds -- ruck sack for a good.
It contributed greatly to the.
And -- it recently.
But the state troopers knew these sweet sounds of music would soon be replaced by the deadly cacophony of combat.
It was their job to figure out how to wage war in the mountains.
You're not just out there to see the sights and ski don't you slopes you're out there make contact with the enemy and defeat the or didn't --
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