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This is Grand Central Terminal in the heart of New York City.
Good evening I'm Oliver North and welcome to war stories every week more than two million people pass through this historic train station.
That's maze of quarters but back in the 1940s some of those who use this majestic building -- German spies.
Knowledge is power -- English philosopher sir Francis Bacon.
And that's the essence of what -- is all about obtaining information knowledge about -- four hour over an adversary.
During World War II New York became a playing field for the deadly game of spy vs -- -- Tonight for the first time in a war stories exclusive you'll meet a former German spy agent 146.
And the FBI agent who captured.
It was an under a -- game of cat and mouse which included these luggage tags and it took place right here in what used to be the luggage from.
It's a story of a spy for the Third Reich and those who caught it.
Americans struggle to survive the hard times in the Great Depression.
And some turn to crime.
Bank robberies -- an all time high 249.
And gangsters were in the streets John Dillinger machine gun Kelly and baby face Nelson had become household names.
There was only one organization that could beat these gangsters.
-- G men of the FBI and.
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Building or killed by federal agents the belonging -- public enemy number one brave men couldn't carry -- -- collection of deadly weapon.
We'll the FBI had a lot of early successes and chasing down bank robbers mark Ridley is -- American intelligence.
And the author of wedge from Pearl Harbor to nine elevenths they happened to marry up the McCain.
-- allowed them perfectly perfect with -- raids against.
Outlaws in various scattered parts of the country and the man chosen to lead this gang busting organization was by -- -- forty year old lawyer from Washington DC John Edgar Hoover.
You've already been director for over a decade tell us a little bit about Julie Hoover and the kind of Howard that this guy can't Hoover started his career government really as a -- but -- -- and proved to be.
Very gifted and gathering data.
Historian Joseph -- ago spent years researching FDR's relationship with -- And send Roosevelt's secret war and the bill that does need some supplement and.
Thousand people before and that he has ever hurt you applicable he kept to himself.
He never talked politics or philosophy or put up -- Christmas tree but he was very effective bureaucrat the federal bureau investigation work.
It's part of it -- that simple what went -- intelligence and integrity.
-- -- -- -- -- From the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
And it is solvent clone with a conviction of the guilty -- -- -- and.
But this time the FBI was arguably the world's best law enforcement agency and -- made sure the press -- He also carefully selected the FBI's special agents -- where people would not necessarily.
From the liberal arts background but were honest upstanding -- right people of spotless character.
This made -- very good sniffer dogs detectives 1940 Allan -- was an up and coming young attorney from San Francisco.
What day I was walking by the federal building -- -- walked -- and got an application for the gift beyond.
Looks -- most of our training was in Washington DC.
And the Department of Justice building.
And then at Quantico Virginia.
Reporter army Rangers play perfect I would -- -- too reckless.
I went -- with the feeling really could handle everything.
Not only -- the G -- well trained they also looked the part when you're required to address.
Very formally guard troops -- -- through the load so.
Blanco road shoes the bench the type of thing.
The FBI was so successful that by 1938.
The number of bank robberies was cut -- half.
And most gangsters were either dead or behind bars.
Hoover look for new ways for the FBI.
To make more high profile arrests.
A new threat was -- fascism was on the rise in Spain Italy and in Germany communism was sweeping across the Soviet Union.
Japan was building an empire across the Pacific though the average American was unaware.
War was on the rise.
Agent killings started to fight a war in the shadows of we have certain organizations -- -- -- interest and in one of these groups was a German American wound.
The German American -- wasn't a private organization of people who claim simply to sympathize.
With the with the German culture obviously they were -- hotbed for potential agents for the Germans inside.
A gathering of the faithful some 22000.
And a blown rally.
At Madison Square Garden in New York City.
I -- -- making.
Love on the field like another.
Look great and I bet I picked up and I can run.
FDR was concerned about secret supporters of the third right.
A fifth column if you will potentially already operating in the United States he turned -- an old friend.
In that last fateful summer before Pearl Harbor before our loss of innocence.
FDR requested of Churchill that an expert British delegation be sent to the United States to help to address and help us form despite service.
The man selected for this mission was commander Ian Fleming -- naval intelligence that Hoover or Roosevelt have any concern about the fact that the British.
We're here in the United States.
Committing espionage as well in the sense they -- -- it with the collusion of the person.
Roosevelt wanted to get into the war in Europe alongside the British confinement.
-- and the president -- an actual man.
Of how the Nazis intended to divide South America up to five passed it.
I have in my book at them they think -- -- Made in -- My welcome.
-- motivated who really organized.
Back map my friends make -- I'm happy that I am not only again South America but I think the United States as well.
The map that FDR spoke of was worthless for American intelligence.
The British have been tapping into FDR's for years it was all fabricated by the pretty.
It was all false Ian Fleming creates a character called James.
Well there's an actual love James Stein has some -- -- -- and yeah.
There was a Playboy.
By the name just go.
He was recruited.
Into the SD.
And that's intelligence.
As a double agent working in Britain have often been so successful.
That the Germans decided -- -- into the US he was given the job by his handlers in Berlin.
Of collecting intelligence for the Japanese and United States and tell defenses at Pearl Harbor -- tried to get to Pearl Harbor find out.
Ships are tied up.
-- -- be used to protect them.
However it's pretty clear but the Japanese want to Nolan I think -- no.
Code named -- -- -- -- -- the question air compressed into a tiny Mike forgot which could then be magnified.
You're looking at a copy which eventually made its way to Hoover.
-- -- -- He's fast and -- and large he goes to -- out.
Posting to rules that his technicians.
My -- -- communication.
And totally ignores.
Reporting to the president about interest by the Japanese and it's universally acknowledged by historians of intelligence and what -- to that Pearl Harbor represented a colossal intelligence failure.
-- now imperative to establish a central integrated intelligence agents.
The race came down to two -- FBI director.
On the evening of December 7 1941.
President Roosevelt called in wild bill Donovan into the Oval Office and sat there on very -- who looked like it.
Instead they caught us like sitting ducks built like sitting ducks.
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