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This is the national.
We're surrounded by the weapons of world war true.
Good evening I'm Oliver North welcome the -- sports.
On 15 September 19446000.
End of the first marine division landed under fire.
A tiny hot -- of coral called element.
Mere six miles long and two miles wide that Japanese defenders on -- -- had nearly seven years to fortify their positions.
And -- -- deep into the -- committed to hold every inch of the app.
Nearly two months after the -- almost 9000 Americans and 101000 Japanese were dead will be -- Some wondered why we ever invaded hello -- in the first place.
This is the story of the courageous Marines.
Who stormed the bastion of -- Lou to fight one of the bloodiest battles of World War II.
On July 19 nineteen.
44 president Franklin Delano Roosevelt was nominated for an unprecedented fourth.
They don't miss.
After three years of war the president was still America's favorite candidate.
He was succeeding politically and in his role as commander in chief of America's armed forces.
I'm like the American military was pushing hard on trucks Europe and the Pacific.
In Europe the president's Joint Chiefs of Staff of the green on a strategy to defeat Adolf Hitler's Nazi regime.
But this was not the case in the Pacific.
There was still a sharp split and strategy between FDR's two principal commanders general Douglas MacArthur and admiral Chester Nimitz.
On how to win the war against the Japanese empire which it stretched 550000.
Square miles at its peak they couldn't stand each other.
-- Carter was set to go back to the Philippines.
And he dearly one of the Philippines back -- Pilkington is a former marine sergeant and historian who's been the -- will -- nine times -- Did not want to go to the Philippines.
There was one either go to -- As the next step in the -- to change or to the coast of China where we could then operate against the main islands of Japan.
Two and a half years into the war there was still -- fight over strategy.
This troubled the president so much you decided to arrange a meeting with a specific commanders and 26 July 1940 -- The Pearl Harbor awards conferences are being held and president Roosevelt was general MacArthur -- to crack army unit.
Fleet commander admiral Nimitz outlined his new strategies.
This will be the only time during the war that these three leaders would meet this meeting.
That was held in Hawaii with the president with movement and with MacArthur.
-- whose side where we going there what now.
And both limits in MacArthur version of their argument and they were both sound good.
Military strategic arguments that they present it.
It's had succeeded campaigns that welcome -- -- in the area.
Douglas MacArthur -- suffered a tremendous defeat in 1942.
American and Filipino troops surrendered and Corrigan door in the Philippines MacArthur presented more.
Argument -- emotional plea to return to the Philippines was enough to persuade the president.
And Chester Nimitz reluctantly followed suit offering protection from the doors with the navy and Marines.
-- didn't command all the marine forces in the Pacific MacArthur didn't have any great tips folders -- -- the army.
-- -- why not truck went at least -- -- does it.
Dozen other places you could -- on -- fellow fellow.
Was 600 miles north of New -- Which was where macarthur's forces were moving along the north coast and it was judged to be necessary -- -- Take it.
To protect that -- From Tulsa Oklahoma Gordon -- was -- a 27 year old major the first marine division.
He later -- bloody beaches the Marines of.
-- -- Nimitz then told the first marine division get -- to go to -- When they started forming the Marine Corps for World War II.
Nobody had ever commanded a division of Marines in the field before the first three division had -- what we call -- banana wars.
And they they became known as the old breed.
When -- joined the Marine Corps was the size of new York city police force.
When the war was -- it was I have -- another member of the old breed was 25 year old -- Pope.
Was born in the tiny town of Milton Massachusetts.
When did you first decide -- That's easy.
As a senior Gordon College -- -- It is 1941.
And it was obvious -- something was going to happen.
This guy came around the campus and he was wearing this Blue Jackets is like we'll answer the -- down as -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Ellis and anybody said anything basic school about the likelihood of war and not to my knowledge that -- After graduating with honors from Georgia -- -- Davis decided to join the Marine Corps in 1938.
Then he had no idea he'd -- -- to such a long and distinguished military career.
And as it was with so many things change the date Pearl Harbor was attacked.
War stories spoke to general Davis shortly before his death and -- -- The rail -- I heard the announcement that Japanese had bombed.
Nearly two years before Roosevelt met with MacArthur and and -- the Marines landed on Guadalcanal.
Starting an island hopping campaign across the city.
Canal was the first defense of the war from most of the -- first taste of that.
Do you feel old thinking back -- -- that you guys were ready to land on Guadalcanal.
Well not particularly ready of course but ready.
You know what you have to -- I have to do what we were ready to do that we were prepared.
Jamaica -- planning an enemy territory we have been told that there were very very few combat troops.
Well canal the major actions on.
Guadalcanal or they a learning experience for these young Marines in terms of how they expect the Japanese to fight all I think so we prepared for them defend at the beach.
They surprised us by not defending.
The more they -- I think for more confident we became.
The first marine division cut their teeth in the bloody six and a half month campaign at Guadalcanal and thought they knew how to fight the Japanese and a but by the time the Marines hit the beaches of hello -- the Japanese -- completely changed their tactics.
Well the Marines really thought that the Japanese would Jesus -- -- that they had used before.
And that was when the Marines landed they would they would take the beach area and in the Japanese would have one of their infamous bonds by attacks to try to.
To throw the Marines back into the water the decision was made.
The highest level of the plan.
We're gonna change our tactics.
We're gonna dig and hang tough.
Extract the maximum price that's what they began at --
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