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Welcome to war stories I'm Oliver North and this is what -- feel that this game will Alabama.
Today it's a small municipal airport but -- -- ranged in Europe and America prepared to join the fight.
This -- was part of a dramatic military -- It was July of 1940 -- a small group of Americans all of the volunteers.
Gathered on this very ground.
Their goal to build a special fighter unit for the US army air.
-- bring this -- -- wasn't the planes they flew with the weapons they employ it was the color of their skin.
Our military like our country was segregated.
Many believe the black men couldn't fly combat aircraft.
Forced to serve and segregated units that this game and we would blow the wrong.
And they did.
By -- -- to school for a thousand black aviators and many thousands mechanics and technicians.
There aircraft over there.
2000 combat this.
Destroyed over throwing fifty.
Players never lost the bomber was going to be flight.
-- tonight on war sports for red tails.
The saga of the to -- airman.
Now we'll we'll.
-- -- never felt I could.
Flying was something really want to do.
But before they could fly the disc dvd airmen would have to overcome a country.
Separated by prejudice.
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Theaters just sitting.
The things this was one of us tomorrow -- that.
First time that -- questioned.
Tickets -- we -- actually have a strong say in the words.
Warren was named her -- mean more and more and they who did you pull them pull -- -- -- through.
New Yorker Charles Dryden was born in 1920 -- Jamaican immigrant parents so that -- in general -- since.
To burn anything in school can give us in this world.
-- Our forum.
Community programs to -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- And that's -- hateful word don't ever usually take care.
Thomas Reilly and -- Holman of the authors of black knights the story of the Tuskegee airmen.
There -- fabrication.
In the north as well it just wasn't -- over in your faith -- -- Well the degree of segregation vary from state to state.
It was strictly adhered to within the US military.
-- -- living quarters barber shops all were suffering.
Blacks have been a part of military Merck and her.
Beginning of America in the country.
And generally their -- trillions of term basis.
Despite the roles played by blacks in every war since the American revolution this 1925.
Army war college study.
-- some shocking conclusions.
They said one.
Two they can't operate.
Complicated and -- this cowardly.
In the face of danger.
And things like that that year Lee archer was growing up in Harlem I -- -- with the -- hear the fighter pilot with the gentleman.
World War I ace Eddie Griffin back Charles Lindbergh and Emilia Earhart with a few close the golden age of aviation.
The Wright Brothers still alive because like Lindberg said -- In any way.
Make you wanna fly no I wasn't please whether airfield.
Looking at -- over.
Do that Cleveland born Charles McKee would eventually develop a love affair with flight.
South Carolinians Ben Watson's passion -- while he was a child.
You hear there.
What forestry and you run through room trying to find better.
Well we never do after three members of a black family were -- -- their home -- father moved his family north to Lodi New Jersey.
-- little guide to Google airport crowds would gather for a ride and the fantastic flying machine.
A man with a miracle and still crimes -- so it took.
A -- where he noted that this.
-- -- I was writing.
You're in the system -- Colin -- You.
-- fall fall fall.
And it was a man.
-- -- -- -- -- -- In 1939 Hitler unleashed its blitzkrieg invading Poland.
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- the -- -- -- America that year president Roosevelt signed the act that created the civilian pilot training program.
Welcome all people.
Male female -- black white of course.
-- often from a limited a believable and six traditional African American schools that offer the program.
One of those schools was that this -- institute in Alabama.
By the end of 1939.
There were just a 125.
Licensed black aviators a year later there were 231.
The small advance gave these young black men -- The army would look and fly in January of 41 the army air corps led by general hap Arnold announced the creation of all black and eighty ninth pursuit squadron.
They would train and Tuskegee Alabama this is a chance for advancement.
Virginia native George poling was at twenty year old college student from the air corps began to open its doors -- -- -- -- I want to take advantage.
Black deviation was given a big boost in the spring of 41.
Went on a trip to Tuskegee.
Eleanor Roosevelt spontaneously ask to be flown by one of the black.
In -- -- that looks like something I would like you know.
And the Secret Service with her.
Suggested before it really wasn't something different -- with five people before and the storm I really want.
-- -- -- -- -- -- The first -- -- Alfred Anderson had borrowed 2500 dollars from family and friends to buy his first airplane a 22 with books and tips from friendly white pilots he taught himself to fly and earned a pilot's license -- is very impressive.
And -- he could make you feel you could fly it.
Ben Watson George bowling and Charles Dryden -- some of the first to arrive in to speak.
For Dryden -- -- by train into the heart of segregated America.
It was an eye opening experience.
He arrived at the tiny station and she thought Alabama.
There are regular to have the court we're -- and words -- in violation of -- who were from the slow and they through which you should stay away from wife here.
Surprise attack on Pearl Harbor occurred as the first cadets were training.
Four months later the first class got it swings it included 1936.
West Point graduate.
Captain Benjamin Davis would want to -- in the 99.
And we bought her what went home with the exception of issuing official order no one's book before you who's worked on him to survive this.
And continue to vote -- becomes.
For example that you -- what was -- like.
-- Tough but fair to say couldn't be said for the first commander to -- Frederick fund -- -- Campbell.
Wasn't really happy to be there.
Wasn't really in favor of things.
Program wanting to avoid trouble general hap Arnold transferred -- -- to another post.
In February of 43 he was replaced by little -- have -- One of his first actions was to remove all the colored only and whites only signs.
Around debate -- Paris.
Had a moment with all of the affliction of great -- forum because he's supportive of he wasn't.
-- hopefully -- -- or should do -- sense of fairness extended to the military instructors.
Who initially were all -- When instructors justice good and justice -- And justice.
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- You've beaten to death of their good -- -- and good Ryan Orton is emit through -- -- did it right instructor pilots are very difficult.
With white -- -- walls like that so they think that very very.
Still two out of three -- washed out.
Many might have been good enough to have earned your wings and and and segregated military but -- -- only thirty years those slots in the all black ninety -- -- -- -- -- parties involved with pilot and you get rid of total next.
The Charles Dryden and -- Watson made.
In the decades since have done little to diminish the thrill of that graduation day outward to -- it.
I would -- that in those -- -- more important duty.
My future officers -- -- right out of my ships.
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