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Welcome to a special edition of war stories coming -- from Pearl Harbor Hawaii.
I'm Oliver North and this is the wreckage of the USS you -- one of eight battleships that were -- here on December 7 1941.
That quiet Sunday morning waves of your overhead -- -- bombs and torpedoes the savage surprise attack.
Just two hours more than 300 US aircraft -- right -- -- -- -- US navy ships damaged or sunk.
And more than 2400 Americans.
Dead or die how could this happen.
Was it simply a colossal intelligence failure a lack of readiness.
Wasn't as some claim part of a secret plot at the top of the US government to get America into World War II.
Was that Japanese raid really get total surprise tonight -- stories investigates the secrets that evidence and the debate.
Over the attack on Pearl Harbor.
United States of America was suddenly.
Deliberately and as.
-- -- -- -- -- I'm -- going on Kate date which will live.
In -- Americans were stunned and devastated when they learned the Pearl Harbor had been attacked.
And in Washington the sentiment was the same -- the attack.
Isn't supposed to.
As of steady parade.
In about a -- -- But haven't.
You have leaders kind of you have high military officials he's all the -- Joseph Persico is extensively studied FDR's.
Presidency he's the author of Roosevelt's secret war.
-- is destiny.
Calling you know -- This ship -- so many aircraft.
Not only -- good to -- you.
We went -- us those who believe that Roosevelt awarded six pro partners.
Roosevelt had no desire to be in -- war against his -- Winston Churchill at one point prior to Pearl Harbor -- war against Japan was a war.
Wrong and me the wrong ocean.
Roosevelt wanted to fight alongside British and defeating us this.
Well FDR remain focused on Hitler in the war in Europe.
Miles away the Japanese were launching a war of aggression.
Japan was a nation ruled by -- -- a tradition dating back centuries.
But the real power and empire was held by the military warlords.
Including Hideki Tojo throughout the 1930s Japan was a rapidly growing industrial state.
Desperately in need of land and natural resources -- its exploding population of nearly 65 million.
The Japanese government took what it needed by force.
Didn't -- Japan was very poor -- it was a farm country.
Were stories investigates tracked down lieutenants and you update one of the bomber pilots that attacked Pearl Harbor.
Born in 1916.
In the small mountain village of human Gucci and the son of a sake brewer -- -- -- they knew his country was on -- war -- -- the only thing she could do was to -- silken black -- where were nothing more than home industry.
So without becoming a modern industrialized country.
So we left for the fans.
In 1931 Japan invaded and annexed manufacturing.
Renamed it -- to -- and forced its people into slavery.
The League of Nations was outraged and demanded that Japan and pull out instead the Tokyo delegation announced -- withdrawal from the league.
At Geneva -- was -- withdrew from the league in this memorable scene to battle hello.
I moved it then that's cool -- act fast but it says I've got the -- DSM the over the next six years to live on a Rampage and -- in -- and play.
An estimated quarter of a million Chinese were killed.
-- then -- shocked the world Donald Goldstein is a professor of international affairs.
At the University of Pittsburgh.
The Japanese whether it.
But the pictures of this.
It was Gordon did bodies can -- to them.
It was -- publication one of the issues for the United States was Japanese withdrawal from -- Yes and yet that was something Japanese were -- -- won't think so Japan it's shaping its own destiny.
And in fact as a confrontation with the United States and 37 Daniel Martinez is the chief historian at the USS Arizona memorial.
And author of -- short and Pearl Harbor and it's the incident with the -- -- gun -- on the Yangtze River in which was clearly marked with American flag.
And clearly we know that the Japanese attacked.
Two sailors were killed and 48 were injured.
They brought against the Japanese bombers as well as they -- in this want an assault on the mutual warship the attack was without semblance of justification.
And relations grew worse because of the singing of them -- It was outrageous they're small little country the size of state of California was acting like a bowling in China and trying to.
You know -- the -- the United States.
As a governing team.
Forty Hitler's legions of doctor.
Colin Holland Austria at Texas market Denmark Norway and France in Washington eyebrows were raised when Japan sent troops and set up air bases.
Maybe -- controlled Indochina.
Days later they were shocked again when -- inside the tripartite pact with Germany and Italy.
It's -- they remembers how Japan sought to -- neighboring countries and form what was called the greater East Asia hope prosperity sphere.
You know -- shortly.
Japan wanted to claim that he should belong to young people the reality was -- seizure was occupied by America or England Holland and for us.
Saying that there were 38.
Of the New -- for more.
And many people died in the Japanese and I believe that that's what they -- fighting -- what is.
-- the -- prosperity but -- really would.
We made it.
Japan to continue their murderous quest for domination in the Pacific Japan had to have oil and early 1930s.
80% of Japanese oil was imported from the United States.
-- 1940 FDR -- imposed an embargo on exports of oil and iron and other natural resources to Japan.
Over the next year relations deteriorated until finally all oil exports stopped.
There -- those who say that war was inevitable.
After the United States cut off Japanese.
Supplies of aviation gasoline.
High tensile steel and things like that is that true the fact that they thought that war was inevitable laughter in the embargo so it's partially.
And I say that because the Japanese have committed themselves to a hopeful war effort after the -- one place.
There was one thing -- -- Japan's -- the US Pacific fleet.
FDR -- that we moved from the West Coast of Pearl Harbor.
To protect our interest in the Pacific it was an outpost of American life and there --
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