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This is -- 600 in the palace of justice in Nuremberg Germany.
I'm Oliver North welcome -- war stories.
This courtroom still in use today -- -- the Nazi party and 21 German war criminals.
Face justice in the aftermath.
Of world war -- From November of 1945.
Until October of 1946.
And international tribunal comprised of American British French and Soviet judges.
Tried -- Nazi regime.
For their costs.
A British tourists call with the greatest violent history.
But as you'll see that night it was also imperfect -- it would politics and entry.
5000 miles away the other and Orangeburg trials of 28 Japanese war criminals got under way in Tokyo in January of 46.
Unlike Nuremberg these military trials -- called international tribunals.
-- in reality overseen by the US military and its supreme commander in the Pacific general Douglas MacArthur.
Tokyo had its share of controversy and behind the scenes drama not the least of which was the decision not to prosecute Emperor Hirohito.
Tonight the war stories exclusive.
Moving -- prosecutors from these trials.
Hear the stories of those who suffered at the hands of our enemies.
Projected back because it.
Number 1940 -- As the tide of war finally turned against the axis powers -- -- continued for POWs and those conquered by Germany and Japan.
The Japanese had a culture that could mean the idea.
So to abuse them.
Told them was nothing they approached them about sort of six hours and took them up later biggest French and -- him.
But in these last -- -- -- the horrors would be revealed.
The war -- first in Europe.
So called thousand year Reich met its demise at eight may 19459.
Days after the furor shot himself.
And poisoned his mistress turned wife -- -- But many of Hitler's chief Nazi leaders including Hermann Goering.
Julia striker and Albert -- were captured alive by the allies.
How does -- come -- out.
That we end up with an international tribunal the war was an allied effort it was a joint effort.
From virtually beginning to end.
And that was reflected in the conclusion of the war as well as a professor of military law at West Point doctor Gary Solis is an expert on war crime prosecutions.
We couldn't simply proceed as we saw that we had to consult whether.
-- our major allies and we did.
Meeting in Tehran in November of 43 and golds in February 45.
Franklin Roosevelt Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin argued about how to punish the Nazi leadership.
And a postwar Europe.
Needless to say they didn't always see -- Churchill advocated.
Find these guys and -- from within six hours Churchill was a fiery temperament but in this case I think that he was wrong.
Instead of Churchill's revenge the allies decided to pursued justice for the victims of the Nazi regime and the look to history as a guy.
We've had rules for warriors -- -- spent -- literally thousands of years.
And from around the turn of the twentieth century.
Laws of war and think for -- to World War I.
Had a number of accused war criminals.
We -- the Germans to try their own big sea trials which proved to be very unsatisfactory.
So we determined then that we wouldn't make that mistake again that is letting the enemy try their own.
The determination was made that it would be most effective to try.
And that's the alleged war criminals and Germany itself to make -- strong.
-- -- person goes the author of the acclaimed book Nuremberg infamy on trial.
The four allied powers each had the judge sitting at Nuremberg and each head he prosecution team.
Just weeks after Hitler's suicide 32 year old Drexel Sprecher a lawyer from independents Wisconsin asked to join the prosecution team.
I -- Written on paper the University of Wisconsin and Abdullah Wednesday.
Nazi regime so I mean they wanted to get on board learned -- it was a good name to associate with the trial.
No bird played posted his great party rallies it was 1935.
That the Nazis announced a series of laws defining ritual -- -- -- -- bearish today a judge at the Nuremberg palace of justice spoke to us about the infamous laws.
Plus for a pittance in that time to have sexual relationship between an aryan and and not every -- -- since the number two loss of 19125.
What was the reaction to the German people to the trials held in this room.
In the beginning they mistrusted this -- it because they regarded this as have reached this trial plenty atrocities.
Became known and finger on what had happened queuing to -- -- in their name.
-- in the course of the year is accepted.
The trial as well as through sides of the trial.
Most major German cities have been reduced to rubble.
Courtroom that -- somehow survive most of them.
From all of us avert a large.
Room and it's a backhand errors -- a balcony.
Intended mainly for the journal.
And behind it it was a rather grim.
Prison where they're coming vision for all these agents who were criminals.
The list of 21 defendants -- like -- -- school of evil.
Hermann Goring indicted on four counts of conspiracy and waging aggressive war war crimes and crimes against humanity it.
Eldredge -- it -- brilliant architect and armament industry also indicted on those workouts.
What do members earliest followers Rudolph -- in 1923.
You followed her into the prison to help -- right mind off.
The German military was also on trial.
Represented by admiral Karl donuts would become like -- after Hitler's death.
Robert checks and was it justice and the US Supreme Court that the times in Nuremberg trials were being contemplated.
He was extraordinary kindness to natural -- -- -- one year of legal training.
-- -- -- prove -- very effective prosecutor.
He had won the -- frank -- -- Powell had Jackson been chosen.
-- kind of inherited airmen.
And Israel was impressed by -- here's the good looking man Anderson it has started talking interior.
You knew that -- whatever you talked about he could speak about well how did you go about collecting the evidence that was presented in these trials.
Had a history of writing thing is wealth.
Making those funds strength and a lot of contemporaneous.
Documents that we've.
And you're -- to realize math memos and defendants themselves.
Interestingly that Nazis did very little about destroying records but let me give you one example.
There was a death camp.
-- -- in Austria.
And there they kept what -- called death books.
But he recorded every person who was this actually murdered -- to have died.
Global -- also does it -- go to the dog died of heart attacks.
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