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This is the USS both and and Pearl Harbor Hawaii.
Now part of the -- for the museum.
I'm all over north.
Welcome to war stories.
The devastating Japanese attack here on 7 December 1941.
Killed 2400 Americans and -- much of the Pacific fleet to the bottom of this -- Ships like the Arizona in the Oklahoma became national news that the Japanese attack missed for -- suddenly it's well it's not much different from this.
Nicknamed the Pearl -- revenge vessels that would help sink the empire of the -- side.
-- aboard a submarine was one of the most difficult and dangerous jobs during World War II.
One out of every five man went to war on -- like this would never see him again.
Join us we take -- beneath the city.
To pay tribute to the silent warriors.
Submarines in the Pacific.
-- -- -- -- Laying down -- -- perfect you know.
-- -- President Clinton there -- just off.
Part of Iraq.
Roy Smith was just seventeen when he left his home town of Hammond Indiana -- -- the days when he spent carefree afternoons hanging out at the local drugstore.
Listening to the jukebox.
Given the assignment if you were right.
Have to -- from last season dictatorships.
Or horrible way to definite we're going in Asia.
Where the -- stuff to do it.
Concentrated on the warship tied up around forty.
To the complete report of the submarine dollars.
Thomas Hatfield is a military historian and a dean at the University of Texas in Austin.
The submarine fleet.
Was intact so.
The main initiative which could then be taken against Japanese -- was left.
The American submarine force you graduate from -- look at.
What's your mom.
They're they're better -- former.
43 year old Charles rush was the -- cotton merchant and grew up in Dothan Alabama when he was assigned to -- communications officer and a destroyer after graduating from the Naval Academy.
-- -- -- -- Washington.
-- question volunteers conference.
-- know some school or sub school.
Think there were five of -- at.
Voluntary -- -- -- -- and we were accepted.
So you went from boot camp to Revere school tutoring school -- -- -- seventeen year old Bill Young joined the navy in June of 41.
Born and raised in Tucson Arizona young had never even seen an -- much less a Connecticut submarine base.
Why did you want to influence -- things that seem like.
And adventuresome thing to do you know your -- and have children.
21 dollars a month that a lot of guys wash Edison school.
Some could not spend confinement in the claustrophobic affect.
The class went.
Who's -- first three months -- course.
And -- originally so excellent.
46 year old lieutenant -- Jacque Reid from Sharon Pennsylvania had been in the navy six years when he arrived in New London.
It was not a lot of operating.
-- -- -- That classroom experience but the reality was that most of their training occurred aboard these obsolete as sports -- and so we're -- Shortly after world war war.
-- has limitations and speed and they were.
It's usually in the words sort of -- the last ditch effort.
The -- value as a weapon of -- initially been met with skepticism by the -- old guard.
The first -- delivered -- 19100 was the USS Holland.
Powered by a single 45 horsepower engine.
It could only dived 75 feet.
It would take the success of German U boats.
One and the rise to power of a few former -- readers before the full potential of this weapon was realized.
Commander in chief of the naval forces Pacific admiral -- and others who was himself.
They submarine and the support of the president certainly helps.
And I Franklin -- -- -- -- Before beginning of his administration in 1933.
More than fifty news.
Work work produced.
Its head out of America's ship yards at an average rate of five months.
-- 3.3 million each ticket at speeds of up to twenty knots on the surface half that underwater and could dived more than 400 feet.
I'm more patrols with the -- with a -- of eighty we're capable of operating alone dropped.
The sixty days.
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- Is the fifth grade does -- join it for the time Pearl Harbor was bombed 21 year old -- young had been in the navy for four years.
A machine it's maybe later volunteer for the submarine service and worked on the fleet boat's engines.
The -- actually had some types of propulsion one electric the other -- these sixteen pieces for.
32 it was -- -- room.
3200 horsepower after.
The diesel engines propelled the -- what was on the surface they also charge the batteries that powered the -- while submerged.
The machine is -- to maintain those electric motors little -- that's an actress it's electric motors are extremely quiet.
Any sound -- -- -- can reveal its location.
With sonar equipment at Japanese ship can zero in and these sounds and pound a submarine -- depth charges.
-- -- could you run on just batteries your and it turned not you could run for half hour.
The -- who signed up for submarine duty world volunteers.
But getting into the silent service was only the first challenge.
-- I -- volunteered.
To listen for the hospital what you physical mental examination.
Or any kind of was -- over.
You're completely dependent on every member of that crew they really want could mess up -- in the ditches the difficult.
So it's it's a real.
Team effort it's not a one man for three minutes old and quality -- Have to pull together.
In order to qualify you have -- work every operation.
We'll hear about every system -- system every -- system every new world system fuel system.
Definitely everybody else's job.
To have a rhetoric that you wouldn't find it in the that's.
Good bowler because by the name assessed and -- that is easy.
And for another one when I was a kid.
I was always afraid order.
After it was just one way to get over that.
Like so many Americans Texas native and his McLaren signed up the day after the December 7 the back.
And ended up on a mine sweeper and.
-- -- It was going to stay here that was an excellent.
-- and made it clear.
-- whatever you you know federal republic and I don't want to have a damaged.
The scores and no word from the until the purple hearts of Jacque Reid Ron Smith.
Charles rush William young people young and -- McLaren would join the thousands of -- readers chasing the Japanese.
From beneath the Pacific Ocean fair to say you wanted to go harm's -- -- certainly did brother.
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