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This was the home of one of the most accomplished and controversial of America's presidents.
I'm Oliver North.
This is war stories coming -- -- from -- taxes in the hill country of the lone star state.
Acre LBJ rich.
When Lyndon Johnson was president he came here so often 74 times that this was known as the Texas White House.
He's at that time here was an opportunity to recharge myself -- the difficult days ahead.
And difficult days they work.
Ritual violence assassinations.
And growing protests over the Vietnam War.
Made the 19.
Of the most tumultuous decades in our nation's history.
As you'll see tonight the way to try to lead our country through the chaos took a terrible poll on the -- vision of America as the -- side.
Stay with us for a close look at the life and times of Lyndon Baines Johnson.
It was -- Johnson the consulate moment.
He was a constant east he knew how to use -- he was.
-- to a congressman congressman.
A senate majority leader of vice president and president.
When a vibrant young president's life was cut short by an assassin's bullet Lyndon Johnson unexpectedly arrived at the zenith of power.
The 55 year old former Texas school teacher.
Was catapulted into the presidency in terms of knowledge of the issues in terms of political skills he was an excellent position and president.
Great legislation and so many field Medicare.
-- -- -- -- -- But all of that was overshadowed by one -- Vietnam.
Vietnam towards fabric of our country.
People dilution when -- -- there.
Later this presents president Johnson -- for -- points decisions.
Consequences of of the wise thing -- effectively people who viewed.
-- -- Johnson junior and Rebecca Baines Johnson welcomed the first of their five children into the world.
I'm 27 August 19 -- -- at a small Stonewall Texas farm house Johnson's parents respected each other to a certain extent they they love each other but they were.
They were at war with -- each other.
University of Arkansas professor Randall woods is the author of LBJ.
Architect of American ambition.
She was a tee totaling Baptist he was a heavy drinking rounder and they both were fervently committed to public service what was the stats back.
He was a all of this is and he would push forward short solutions member of the direction but it.
First a speech writer for Lyndon Johnson Harry Middleton later became the director of the LBJ presidential library in Austin taxes.
When Clinton's growing up.
There's certainly well off -- They're always poor he he -- -- but he had difficulty in school I think because he became one and also he went whale at times small truck.
He was running white not to get away from home but just just to explore.
When he graduated from high school at 816 -- wanderlust let him far from hole.
Doesn't go right off to come now to this its neighbors parents -- attitude -- California.
And he got a job running an elevator but it was not operation on -- Came back to justice should be and he began to -- and yeah -- broken right and will go.
-- -- Deeply crying over his situation.
-- he was at that point so unhappy and ashamed that he.
Told her yes she would go to college.
June 27 Johnson enrolled at the southwest Texas State teachers college in San Marcos Texas.
After he finished his junior year he could figure out.
And he what to cut to a text searchable much community waited shelter and he thought -- she so pleased for.
That experience future of those words that work here.
Made it an option -- he saw kids who after school we would go to town oppression and pick out things like.
Because they had.
Texas native Harry McPherson was fresh -- -- law school when he began working as an assistant to senate majority leader Lyndon Johnson.
He chronicled his experience is in the book a political education -- That it ever were given an opportunity.
And the power.
To change the conditions of life for people like those children that I taught years ago.
Which who are taking advantage he finish his final year that went to huge.
And he was teaching -- debate to me it was all he was doing that.
That the opportunity came for him to go to Washington and -- as secretary to congressman named Kleber.
He went to Washington as deeply -- Sector and because Mr.
-- preferred to play golf and and play polo.
When Johnson was a congressman from -- -- -- you really you know human in the office from that Taiwan.
School teaching did not -- interviews.
It was -- little -- while he was a a kind of a professional protege.
And he was pushy and aggressive and subservient all the same -- After you came congressman the first thing you do is great himself -- -- great speaker of the house and a powerful -- And a trip back home to Texas in 1934 -- -- point two year old Claudia alta Taylor in the lawyer's office and lost.
Nicknamed lady bird.
She was the daughter of a wolf Texas cotton farmer and merchant -- asked -- to meet him at the coffee shop of the Jewish -- well they had breakfast together he begins to talk.
Incessantly about how he's gonna change the world persuades her to take a -- around -- she said she felt.
She was strong -- Michael -- through the play and at the end of the day he proposes to.
Question but the courtship for both through much of that -- very.
Johnson was committed immediately came to Washington is fascinated by Roosevelt administration.
-- after being elected president 1932.
Franklin Roosevelt promised the American people a new deal including bank reform.
And work relief programs to help get the country out of a crippling depression.
If -- -- -- of the world connected Lyndon Johnson as the Texas director of the national youth administration.
A program providing jobs like welding and brick -- to unemployed youth.
Johnson felt their pain and suffering of the poor people of history and -- -- But -- a special election was held for the tenth congressional district in 1937.
Johnson couldn't resist throwing his hat in the ring.
He ran against a number of other candidates.
And managed to -- him when he got up elected to congress reported he was ready to be a soldier in the ranks of the new deal.
And he became passionately.
Committed to getting rural electrification.
In the summer of 1941.
Lyndon Johnson lost a hard fought and controversial Texas senate race to leave happy -- Daniel.
Sometimes they would be -- and twenty.
It was of growing pain.
Johnson lost by little more than thirteen hundred votes.
Less than six months later the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor.
Campaigning for the senate it's a different I have to cast my vote to put her boy's uniform I -- join join the navy.
Soon after that he went on mr.
-- constructing -- installations -- cubicle.
She's after that he would overshoot.
He's been at times southwest Pacific in the end there be difficult to -- things.
Essentially -- laws of president's some years does he finish the war in uniform.
No because send our Roosevelt ordered all congressman in uniform to go back to Washington -- Hoover commercial duties or return our problem which.
Johnson returned to congress and became a family man when lady bird gave birth to daughter Linda in 1944.
Sister Lucy followed in 1947.
But politics were again front center -- 1948.
When LBJ made a second bid for the senate.
In a hotly contested battle wife with -- accusations of ballot stuffing on both sides.
Johnson took on former Texas governor Coke Stevenson in the democratic primary.
Johnson went into every community shook his many hands as -- couldn't.
-- impassioned speeches and amazingly managed to -- and at the end of the day what was the march.
87 votes and it was Lyndon Johnson himself who coined the term.
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