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Adolf Hitler in his axis -- but it was solely.
Control most of the European.
England a defiant Winston Churchill is convinced that knocked Italy out of the war.
-- -- shall loneliness over the German people might be the beginning of their do.
I'm Oliver North this is sports stories coming at you from Rome Italy eternal city and this is the pullout is open it.
With tens of thousands of times get your silly.
Lectured them on the lord's ashes this alliance with Hitler what carnage to -- country and his own brutal lives.
In the July night.
43 invasion of Sicily from the battles of -- -- -- -- -- that certain surrender in -- of 45.
-- struggled much brighter and well balanced out -- actions.
More than any other campaign what's your.
Join us -- revenue eyewitness accounts from both sides of the bloody battle for the -- them quite deliberate double.
In World War II.
My first time in combat you know how to do I just go on the -- -- world ruled out.
Breach of these soldiers the allied campaign that Italy was brutal and bloody.
It began with the invasion of Sicily in July of 43.
But Italy's troubles started much earlier with the rise of a dictator.
Benito Mussolini was born 29 July 1883.
In the tiny village of -- -- deal.
These humble origins -- rose in less than four decades to rule Italy -- iron grip.
Bruce -- he was a very superficial previously poignant.
Douglas sports is the author of the path to victory.
The Mediterranean theater in World War -- a very insecure person who starts out.
Of course socialist.
And then he moves over to.
The right wing fascist groups.
He is a radical.
-- young man Bruce -- is an expert on the Italian ruler and author of on the fiery march Mussolini prepares for war.
Born and a black.
It was a very compact.
Young man he didn't take well to discipline.
During Mussolini's -- Italian goals of building a porn empire repeatedly thwarted.
The 1890s -- tried to conquer Ethiopia it was bitterly defeated.
Then in 1911 they went to war against the Ottoman Empire in -- quest to colonize Libya.
It was a military and economic disaster.
There was also a time of political upheaval.
Socialism and -- European workers and Benito Mussolini was a major player in the movement.
Bruce how does -- Celine.
Get the start before this the first world war.
He was the editor of the socialist newspaper a -- and -- with an important.
Important -- in the Socialist Party he's one of the leading figures and soul he's very much and then the left.
All of this -- June 14.
World War I breaks out in your.
-- -- demoralized and nearly bankrupt remain neutral.
As martial spirit swept through Europe.
Mussolini's saw an opportunity to create his own political movement Mussolini breaks with the socialist parties and he forms the fascist party.
And thousands still hopeful -- Italian the world's first pro fascist newspaper.
And he fees that what really is the most powerful motivating force that is if motivating the working class.
If not class on truth its national.
I'm 26 April 1915.
Italy and -- the war on the side of Britain France and Russia Mussolini's served briefly in the army but after being injured in a training accident.
He returned to lead the political movement he created.
And literally put his likeness on the -- fascist party headquarters.
For me kinda and we have gotten there Mussolini changed fascism and my family was still socialist therefore against recently.
But they were very few of us against fascism.
-- native -- -- dean saw how Mussolini molded public opinion.
Look for forgotten the question that the fascist propaganda led us to believe that ours was the best country in the world.
Because of this idea for every one believe Mussolini.
There was a -- these views of a lot of their propaganda pictures and the tagline on the posters with most of the need some credit don't.
Mussolini results right.
-- -- up -- the -- and the entire population was convinced and therefore favorable to fascism.
It comes to power in 1922 apartment there.
He really becomes a dictator.
And begin the process of eliminating departments in 1925.
And it can renew interest and in the Italian movies Mussolini was always working -- demolishing something with -- us.
Sweeney was always supplies of talent movement and dynamism.
Which was stark contrast to what was really going on he -- Italy as a rising power.
And he saw in 1934 -- that there was an opportunity you brief opportunity.
To be able to take -- Mussolini referring to himself is -- to chase the leader dispatched more than a quarter 2000 troops.
And ordered his generals to use poison mustard gas to eliminate Ethiopian resistance.
By may of 1936.
Nearly a quarter million Ethiopians were casualties of war.
-- -- Concord Ethiopia.
Mussolini's campaign in Ethiopia captivated his ideological successor it -- -- -- proclaimed himself sure.
Fascism was of Washington invention which became nazism movement got.
On north of the -- in October 1936.
The two fascist leaders signed the Rome Berlin axis agreement a non military alliance.
An important part -- in politics and an important part of -- -- He chose Mussolini because of an ideological and personal with him.
By the spring of 1939.
Hitler had annexed Austria and break glad Jack -- German keeps it marks in Czechoslovakia.
-- -- He -- neighboring Albania.
I'm 22 day foreign ministers Seattle and Von ribbon -- signed a full military alliance the -- Bored out of shared understanding that they are going to go to war.
The -- -- other European powers.
To -- is torn apart inside it comes to the -- I think that absolutely.
Italy and a lot of work involved in this war and so usually stays out of the war in September right time -- Has turned Taft.
And they end news.
For ten months Mussolini's -- on the sidelines.
And on 10 June 1940.
-- finally ended the war.
Britain France yeah.
And Britain was pushed off out of your.
-- thought the world was so and therefore he could piggyback on German successes.
To pick up these columns that comfort.
By December 1941.
Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor.
In the United States entered the war Mussolini had made the Italian military subservient to Hitler.
8 November 1942.
Operation -- -- allies go on the offensive against Hitler and Mussolini.
-- US and British troops -- -- mature and Africa.
On 14 January Churchill and FDR met at Casablanca to set strategy for ending Hitler's Third -- The Mediterranean was extremely important for the -- -- cause.
Mussolini was the weaker.
The -- -- -- ports and therefore the most vulnerable after ten days of round the clock meetings the allied leaders made a decision.
They were gonna take out the weakest -- lines.
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