Also in this playlist...
This transcript is automatically generated
Him all over north and this is war stories I'm standing on the flight deck of the fighting late.
The aircraft carrier USS Yorktown here at patriots point naval and Maritime Museum in Charleston, South Carolina.
This carrier was commissioned barely ten months after her namesake was -- by the Japanese during the epic battle of midway.
In June of 42.
For the sailors airmen Marines who survived it -- was seared in the memories.
But -- didn't notice the time it was the turning point.
Fight against the Japanese -- As you will see it -- brilliant intelligence work expert battle planning.
And the leadership of -- determined admiral name Chester Nimitz to carry the day.
It sure as hell wasn't needs at the time the Japanese -- -- strongest militarily having won every battle in the South Pacific.
-- a substantial portion of our name.
-- at the bottom of Pearl Harbor.
Really getting ready to go on a -- And my father got a phone call says something in my mother and left and that was very early in the morning seven quarters of -- She was only ten years old on that terrible day but Janet L -- being remembered the reaction of her father lieutenant commander Joseph -- -- It was terrible.
Awful they were afraid the Japanese have been land and do more damage.
And -- listen.
Turned over with the gun from my mother.
Pearl Harbor was -- with a grim reminders of -- -- -- surprise attack it was particularly painful for 43 year old Joseph -- for.
As a navy intelligence officer -- -- he would spend happy years living in Japan with his wife -- -- Notre even got to know a young Emperor Hirohito -- -- -- good idea for when I was born.
This is the the Obama and the baby -- -- -- had a very strong feeling.
Nothing more he had failed his commander in chief -- The Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor.
Then a 22 year old and an out of Iowa match hours worked as a code breaker at the base -- -- -- we now know that.
No way he could have known about it because it was executed in children reading time.
Extra ticket purchase this game road -- it.
A dedication to these past.
Which passed on to his people do do do do.
Reaction of the American people of course anger.
And how does that occurred in Japan admiral William La -- who led the attack was hailed as a conquering hero.
That -- sent his congratulations.
And promptly declared war on the United States and Washington demanded the head of admiral husband Kimmel.
Then in charge of the Pacific fleet I am one of the school who thinks that admiral Kimmel has.
Made a scapegoat in congressional hearings admiral Kimmel has -- -- political games being played in Washington.
He said the navy department have been less than forthcoming about the deterioration in relations with Japan just days before the surprise attack.
I can't understand -- I have never understood it I -- -- understand.
Why I was deprived of the information.
Available in the native -- -- and watch them on Saturday night and Sunday morning.
But Kimmel was out.
And president Franklin Roosevelt called -- -- tall cool text Chester W and -- -- it was a job -- and turned down before.
Had been asked to take -- -- Pacific fleet at some point earlier maybe you're too early here.
And he was so much junior to I have so many the -- -- he said you know if I do that it will make me so many enemies.
That he really preferred not to -- Sister -- a quietness is the youngest of -- is for children.
Maybe my mother knew already.
But I think it was at the dinner table until the rest of this Franklin Roosevelt sent by afterward that he had to get -- -- the Pacific into staying there to the war was won.
-- -- -- My mother had very much the philosophy she worried about him when he was com and -- -- worry about it when he was away.
Catherine Nimitz and her husband were close they exchanged hundreds of letters during the war.
On the morning of December 31 1941 aboard the submarine USS -- 56 year old Chester -- added his fourth star.
And took command of a disheartened Pacific fleet.
I'm about to assumed group responsibility.
And I am sure you guys who -- Like most -- -- not without a wry sense of humor was certain to say that the grayling that the only -- available to use for -- ceremony.
Courtesy of the Japanese.
He's a very serene then he's very quiet.
It's remarkable personality in terms of his ability to do with people.
I was successful in bringing together fighting force that included such men as a bull Halsey.
People whose nicknames.
-- trade their.
Their energy experience and my father I think found MacArthur somewhat difficult to work but.
Made it work.
Chester Nimitz was a long way from the hill country of Fredericksburg Texas he grew -- in this hotel in a tightly -- German American community.
Was raised by his mother -- and beloved grandfather Charles after his father and names and died before he was born.
As a young midshipman at the naval academy in Annapolis then let's have learned an important lesson.
These midshipman had discovered that there replaces and bankrupt on the roof and it was not visible from other parts of the academy.
So that had become a place -- Beer parties.
And other such entertainments they do their lives to see who had.
Get to go get the beverage.
And the -- -- to my father.
What the -- -- didn't know was that while he was scoring the illegal beer at a local tailor shop.
-- -- witnessed by one of his instructors.
And he thoroughly expected to be told in -- -- after you.
Mark your platoon -- come back for -- conference.
And that did not happen.
And he was nuts and -- by the superintendent the Naval Academy.
And what you learned from this -- is two things not to play fast and loose with the regulations.
And also to be lenient with first offenders.
-- also learned tolerance and forgiveness of mistakes.
In July 190 wait he ran his first command the destroyer Decatur a ground.
He was court martialed and survive with a public reprimand.
For neglect of duty.
He -- -- say every dog deserves to bites this philosophy served him well as he rebuilt.
The shattered morale at Pearl Harbor.
Downloadable films but it caught up and answer questions that repetitions -- up party in them there were stories about him.
Standing in his head -- parties very negative very animated film Yamamoto head.
-- the naval -- in Washington.
To study at Harvard.
He has been American he knew basically the American culture people he -- that women.
Aroused they could be.
Very formidable it.
The two admirals were only a year apart in age and they shared admiration.
The legendary admiral -- the Victor over the Russians at the battle of sushi in the streets it's like both sides really.
Do the other we had dossier is on the various Japanese flag and this is a remarkable counterintelligence.
And intelligence operations.
Very interesting sort of game catamounts who is going out on the battle of wills -- matching wits with with your enemy.
Filter by section