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This is an Amtrak in June of 1944.
Thousands of men -- infineon tractors like this.
And stormed the beaches of the Mariana Islands for nearly 5000 of these soldiers sailors and Marines.
The -- -- Saipan -- and tinian would be a one way trip.
Good evening I'm Oliver North welcome to war stories this is the national museum of the Pacific war in Fredericksburg Texas.
-- Most people think in the Normandy invasion June 6 1940 -- But the term is actually universe.
Simply marks the day troops leave their ships and head for shore.
That June of 44 almost 8000 miles from where they allies reached its Atlantic wall.
A 100000 US Marines and soldiers prepare for another.
Against the Japanese imperial -- Tonight crossing the white sands and hell where the enemy had one simple order.
The stock market crash of 1929.
Mark the beginning of the Great Depression.
It was the longest and most severe economic depression ever experienced in the western world.
Born in 1990.
Cyril Ryan grew up in Camden new jurors what was the proportion.
Which -- pretty as a world you know for better despite cents.
My father used to the Delaware -- -- -- miles.
And cost and tickled.
To go across Delaware bridge.
On on a -- He stated that -- -- -- -- revert to.
We'll America's struggle -- the depression Japan was built an empire but the late 1930s they -- a massive land grant.
In their fervent brutal grass vast territories ranging from Manchuria and China to small Mariana Islands of -- and given up and revelation -- On December 7.
Now 22 year old O'Brien or -- is he calls himself was a favorable light.
I was home and I get a call from the courier post in Camden, New Jersey and they only.
-- -- mean come on down and sell some experts.
I went down -- so actors.
Just one day after Pearl Harbor the Japanese -- US territory big island of Guam.
Now they controlled the entire marianas islands -- They're recruiting campaign is in -- way.
Agenda when I think.
Gods they turned me down that's why doing them and -- pat and his O'Brien you can't make it -- -- and I think you're.
Not that that to salaries and turn anybody down so -- went down to the colonel -- And I did not return again meaning and you're.
He should if you're so interested in -- -- Marine Corps he's an -- I -- -- it went down with.
It would take is about to get that news conference.
But they -- -- in this.
By the thousands young men signed up for military service.
Somewhere in fact just younger boys like California native Rick Spooner.
It was just seventy.
You went down in Fresno California.
Don't I don't know they -- turned me down a couple of times and knew what it was so I got to San Francisco with the new birth certificate.
Who worked a lot -- I was a little underage.
But they needed.
You've grown up in the court -- -- I grew up around a long range as a kid.
Pacific fleet headquarters you've been killed and as a little boy and -- Marines coming back.
-- it was.
That is to a little kid that was impressive.
So I -- -- I knew nothing about to -- work.
All that changed -- eighteen year old -- Driscoll caught a glimpse of a Marine Corps at all riding the train to work from Chicago.
He signed up.
And a live picture there from -- marine.
And -- there.
That was placed event.
When most people don't know.
That they were starting a draft people in -- 1940.
East Chicago Indiana native Alex -- -- was 23 when he begin navy flight training and he knew it was going to be a long war.
We -- ready you know we got hurt badly and Pearl Harbor.
And we didn't have was carriers the planes -- squadrons and we've just praying.
I was sixteen years old he can't hit her -- that.
We were all -- health and I want him I would -- went and it mom dad wouldn't let me.
He's had -- beauty and yes you know how kids -- Doesn't swindle got his chance at payback with the Marines at the ripe old age of eighteen left Indiana for boot camp in California.
Afterwards he was assigned to the fourth marine division usually you get a ten -- and thorough.
That last sound was for marine -- -- -- -- sending to our stand back so I have come home field.
The long road home would bring guns when.
Cyril O'Brien and -- -- face to face we'll battle our troops.
Hundred Japanese war minister general Hideki Tojo.
His nickname the race car.
In the Pacific theater you have to.
To great -- Do different ways of fighting a war.
Joseph Alexander's a retired Marine Corps -- Author of storm winds.
Chester Nimitz fleet admiral commanded the Pacific fleet and has the central Pacific in this thing.
Potentially in general their armies and the southwest Pacific figure.
At the start of the war -- been let out of the Philippines by the Japanese but by January of 44.
This island hopping campaign had brought him to the -- of return.
-- -- -- have resolved the question that they.
Whether to advance and a single axis attack the enemy and places simultaneous.
-- started to listen to -- claims that he wanted to single axis.
He was willing to contribute to court this approach and again to develop.
His -- -- Joint chiefs of staffs know.
I'm gonna go south and continues across the central -- Our next target is very -- The play indices the marianas which code named operation -- -- Develop dual purpose for American forces first the islands -- vital air fields located just 12100 miles from Tokyo.
If taken they could provide a basis for new long range heavy bombers.
From there the Boeing -- 29 super fortresses.
Could make the trip to Tokyo and under six hours.
With a bomb load of up to 20000 pounds it's destructive potential -- no rival in the air.
-- Pacific here whatever it was forty years have been training Tutsis advanced naval bases for the -- Now they were going to America silence.
This season things happens beyond the -- it was hoped that by seizing the islands of Saipan Guam and -- and the Japanese navy could be drawn into a decisive battle.
Midway in 1942 the Japanese -- struggle to recover from the crushing loss of pork carriers.
Some 300 aircraft.
To avoid another completely blow.
-- was in high.
The Japanese consider the marianas.
Their -- specific albums and that was within their absolute national defensive zone.
It was not to be senator Edward -- hole there at all costs.
-- -- promised the Japanese people that know what it forces would set foot on the Mariana Islands.
To keep that promise to Japanese navy would have to come out and flight.
Bearing down on the marianas that in June of 44 the boys were combat hardened and ready to make told -- eat his words.
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