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I'm over north.
This is war stories -- in Baltimore Maryland beside the US tennis comfort 7000.
-- 1000 bed floating medical facility the seventh largest hospital in the world.
She's a veteran of operations desert shield desert storm and Iraqi freedom.
She and her crew deployed to support rescue efforts after the attacks on 911.
And in the course of these missions that saved countless lives in this episode you'll hear from selfless caregivers -- were often overlooked in the annals of war.
The medical personnel -- -- the side of injured soldiers sailors airmen and Marines.
This is the story.
Of these angels on the battlefield.
What is available what it feels the civil war.
With a -- Iraqi desert.
The battlefield has always been it.
That's good buddy.
And they'll tell you they're really great for the nurses medics and warm and provided hope -- the most desperate times.
-- they may not remember -- name athletes all remember that friendly face to the voice of the person.
And nursed back to help.
Governments have always bad you -- their soldiers.
And so from our earliest records and they should -- -- there are indications that.
When soldiers were own campaign.
There had been some special provision made for.
Bill Smith is chairman of the department of medical history of uniformed services university in Maryland.
And then as modern nation states were organized in the sixteenth and seventeenth century.
In -- up.
These same ideas recur as some sort of healer is assigned to take care of those who are sick and injured in the service of the country here -- Battlefield caregivers and most of -- male -- we're also providing comfort to brave soldiers is our country sought to gain independence from Great Britain because -- congress to approve the hiring of nurses and 17751.
Salary of two dollars a month.
George Washington -- that if he was putting troops in the field he was gonna have casualties.
And he needed people's take care.
Elizabeth Norman -- -- -- of angels and as a professor of nursing at New York University.
So actually American military -- goes right back to the founding of our country.
But after each conflict.
-- -- kind of disappeared and went back into the civilian world.
Breakthroughs in medicine -- prompted the need for a profession dedicated entirely to patient care.
As a result of the introduction of anesthesia and 846.
More people are in the hospital at any given time.
And so they're more people are needed to take care.
The concept of modern nursing as we know it today didn't come to fruition until 1854.
With a young British aristocrat named.
Florence -- You get it.
During the Crimean war there were major problems with.
And The British Army then mortality rates in the British hospital were astronomical.
And they felt that perhaps she could bring some order to the hospital.
And when she got -- the Crimea she realized that if they cleaned up the hospital.
And people wash their hands they cut down on mortality rates and sure enough -- worked.
Nicknamed -- in chief by British troops nightingale became the symbol of professional nursing.
When she got home from the -- news she was in contact with American nurses so that when the civil war broke out in America they knew they would need nurses.
And they wanted -- -- much more on the level of Florence Nightingale on what she'd been able to do.
During the American civil war over 2000 games stores themselves served as a volunteer nurses.
Two that are very for us our Walt Whitman who's -- the Dresser described his experiences.
And -- a male cop -- later novels little minute little women are welcome committee America.
The most famous of the nurses and civil war of course is how far -- she was also the first -- to be called the Angel of the battlefield.
Barton was well on her way to becoming the first president of the American Red Cross.
That -- -- the first nursing school opened its doors to young women.
The -- proved to be so valuable that it was -- -- deserved an official place in the military.
Authorized by congress in 1901.
The army launched the first -- -- of the United States armed forces.
They work to be officers that had graduated from an officer's school but clearly they weren't listed like.
There in New York are subject to military regulations.
But they're not either one of the traditional Catholic.
-- they got less pay than civilian nurses and certainly less pain than men in the military.
Seven years later the navy followed suit and establish the navy -- school.
When the navy nurse corps was formed in 190 -- There were twenty -- These twenty nurses were called by the recruits.
The sacred twenty.
Because these first twenty knew -- they were shaping the future but at that time.
Neither the army or navy nurses had rank.
-- they were still called ms.
Smith or miss Jones.
World War I -- a time of great -- and patriotism.
-- and sent nearly 400 army nurses -- an active duty.
We'll play armistice day over 21000.
-- list and more than 200 it died in service.
-- had to learn things that work nurse and new weapons were introduced in world war -- for example chemical weapons like -- -- -- and mustard gas.
In order to live -- -- military environment the nurse had to learn music gas mask.
The Soviets launch a counterattack on Germany's vehicle.
His juggernaut it stormed across Europe.
It was a -- -- attack but the empire of Japan it would bring America.
Once again the nurses -- the army and navy were called to -- The posters read Jordan needed -- and listen to the proud profession and save his life.
This -- may have to save the wounded in action.
And here they had clean and come back can be.
By June of 1942121000.
Army nurses eventually called to help the country.
One of them was 24 year old -- came beavers could borrow from Columbus all.
I I went to my father.
And then he said -- yeah I guess you can go Clinton goes to your friends -- and.
-- -- first assignment was like supervisor station hospital 317 and Indiana where she treated Italian and German prisoners of war.
Then in January 44 per unit was deployed to Ireland.
The nurses through a big party favorite nurses who live in the 317 leaving.
And somebody walks up to me and asking for advanced.
And I said well I'm leaving because I'm a member of the 317.
And he says -- in -- -- in sentencing.
That guy was none other than doctor David -- her future husband -- before they -- get married they needed a general's blessing.
And get permissions.
From Eisenhower to get married that's your mother and father -- it's just a couple.
My mother sent me no wedding dress and veil and sent -- -- -- if -- Didn't George V who's captain David the course of their -- and 41 July in 1944.
And a small church in new.
Together one day one night and sales of new England and I went down latter -- okay.
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