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Good evening I'm Oliver North welcome to war stories coming to you tonight from Marine Corps base Camp Pendleton California.
Millimeter howitzers -- standard weapon today in the eleventh marine regiment.
The back in 1950.
We're small or older 105 millimeter howitzers like this one right here -- Americans -- during the desperate battled all the Pusan perimeter.
His fourth -- expect -- little resistance and they invaded South Korea the old Soviet backed land grab the car American -- off guard.
Within days the first US military unit known as task force that shipped out from Japan.
General Douglas MacArthur call it an arrogant display of strength.
Within weeks they were joined by marine brigade deployed Olympic Communists no -- couldn't have South Korea without a fight.
Tonight on war stories we take you inside the Pusan perimeter.
The first -- battle of the Cold War.
In the World War II brought a flood of returning veterans and a sense of optimism back to America.
Once I signed that peace treaty the immediate -- awards bring the boys home.
And we we kind of sat back and -- ourselves I think hey we're never going to again have another big war.
At the time acclaimed author James Brady was just the college kids.
Spending his Summers -- a reserve commission in the US Marines.
There wasn't -- measured withdrawal.
-- measured cut down pretty.
Level -- forces planes.
Were mothballed ships -- mothballed.
Some of them which are scrapped.
Rising -- from the banks of the Geneva the Kremlin -- -- current experience.
In the aftermath of World War -- the Soviet union's Joseph Stalin cemented his land -- drawing an iron curtain across much of Eastern Europe.
On the other side of the world you need a -- -- out of North Korea leading democratic South Korea with a very possible name.
The prevailing thought that there was some kind of Communist international plot.
Proposal and does the author of plating on the brink the defense of the Pusan perimeter.
In early 1950.
It was just a fresh FaceBook to leader.
The army's 25 division stationed in Japan and occupation duty he knew his -- commitment to rebuilding that crippled nation.
Left and unprepared.
For the realities of war.
Training in Japan was -- and lack of proper tree hearings panel also there quote we had lacked spare part.
Fair -- for me all kinds of things -- Nobody ever thought.
It the occupation troops.
-- ever have occasion to go to war.
After witnessing the attack on Pearl Harbor 1939.
West Point graduate Brad Smith saw action on Guadalcanal in -- Georgia.
The end of World War II was a highly decorated and respected combat leader.
In April of 1949.
Is lieutenant colonel Lambert build New Jersey native was stationed on the Japanese island of.
You -- there are lots and lots of rice paddies and huge.
And their laps and now.
So it was really no place to train.
-- you know.
Come you know so no opportunity to take your old battalion out the field in Abu firemen Hoover live fire exercise -- -- at all.
Our artillery general wouldn't when you take -- that -- time.
Is anybody talking about the Redmond it's Communist -- Possibility of war in Korea Meredith.
The army occupation forces stationed in Japan spent more time guarding banks and railroad stations -- training for war and for.
The war broke out a number of organizations and -- army underwent.
And inspection the bulk of their weapons.
And a lot of the equipment was declared I'm services.
Which meant you certainly wouldn't take it war.
I was -- bird and anyone -- border -- By the spring of 1950 Iowa native private first class John Fletcher advantage -- -- -- almost a year that you that you -- a lot of training.
We'll have a fair amount of training that we had never by far.
And all of Japan was under the control of one man supreme commander for the allied powers general Douglas MacArthur.
25 year old Alexander Haig was one of the car Thursday -- -- -- on the priority list.
-- is increasingly -- how -- -- because the Cold War was perceived to be a European problem out of absolutely and McCarthy knew that because he complained bitterly about it regularly.
Then in January of 1950 secretary of state Dean Acheson.
Compounded the danger was what some consider.
One of the greatest diplomatic blunders in history in his speech to the National Press Club in Washington DC drew an imaginary line across -- On one side countries within America's defense perimeter.
South Korea was left on the outside.
I think -- apocryphal that he drew a line in the -- and everything below this line is important everything but what is important are supposed to north Koreans did -- update is attacked it's important to note that historians disagree about the impact of the speech.
Back then MacArthur salon as of.
Problem he came in and complained bitterly.
About the speech he -- we're -- there.
Have to be even more careful watchful.
How many troops were in Japan that were available to go immediately to -- where we have four divisions all under strength all poorly trained.
4 AM 145 June 1950 the north Koreans made their move.
Russian controlled north Koreans -- typical -- disregard for international.
PG invading their countries under the -- To bring another international crisis to the already long suffering.
Thousand men attacked by a 150 Russian built T afford tanks crossed the 38 -- invading South Korea.
How many US troops were being.
Korea Times they do and our troops have been withdrawn except for very small advisory group -- minutes.
How did you find out the north Koreans crossed.
What we heard -- on me.
And we also heard -- US was not going to do anything.
Days later the newly formed United Nations voted to commit military force.
The bulk of this manpower which come from the United States president Truman addressed the nation.
Creation have learned that fateful lesson of -- 1930.
Adolescence is that aggression.
Must be met firmly MacArthur flew to Korea and consulted with -- brigadier general John church's senior man on the peninsula.
Of course -- quickly realized the south Korean army needed American help.
The north Koreans.
Won't -- well well we're in it world.
It was a very very good.
But in the early days of the war MacArthur -- very little good intelligence to.
More respect for the North Korean invaders.
MacArthur felt an arrogant display of strength by American forces would give the invaders clause was general -- -- conference.
I think he was.
-- -- I think that the attitude and South Korea was all just what actually Americans get here.
I'll show -- our programs -- -- -- out pretty quickly there.
The burden of putting on this show fell on the shoulders of macarthur's Japanese occupation forces.
Fred Smith remembers getting the late night -- that made him and his men.
The first US forces to see combat.
At 1030 and my wife woke me up so colonel Stevens who's on the phone.
And I went -- broad -- students red.
The living -- off.
-- you're fighting close.
When you hung up the phone recorded music and turned back to that in.
Would you tell this -- and the oldest all over.
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