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Welcome to war stories I'm Oliver North and this is camp Shelby Mississippi.
Today being used to train soldiers sailors.
Airman and Marines for the war on terrorism.
Back during World War II.
American engaged on three fronts against the axis powers and Japan Italy and Germany camp -- haven't even more sensitive mission.
Training thousands of Japanese Americans for combat against our enemies overseas tonight the the untold story of -- unique US military units -- 442 regimental combat team.
And the little known and secretive military intelligence service.
The Japanese Americans who answered the call of duty to serve in World War II overcame racism.
Prejudice and anger to prove their loyalty to America.
Some did so knowing they had relatives serving in the imperial Japanese are.
Their extraordinary bravery and devotion to duty -- them over 181000.
And the right to call themselves.
On that fateful morning of December 7 1941.
Life change drastically for many of the quarter million Japanese living in the United States.
So -- -- -- Franklin Roosevelt was on the radio.
Pearl Harbor was being.
Coast on the way back from church.
-- sent myself -- Pearl Harbor.
I mean costs under my breath -- -- Bringing harm to us.
So we gonna do best -- defend ourselves.
And also -- country.
But the story of one of the most decorated units in American history at a challenging beginning.
The Japanese immigrants are coming to Hawaii in the 1880s.
And then more to the mainland in the 1890s it's worth pointing out that.
The Japanese American population of -- was almost a 150000.
Historian Greg Robinson studied president Franklin Roosevelt's policy toward Japanese immigrants in his book.
-- order of the president.
Once the Japanese and start succeeding saving money and buying land.
They have all of these techniques.
Fertilizing marginal land and they work very hard to -- it -- -- corporate are enormous and -- -- to labor and represented.
A menace to.
People once they started buying land -- in terms of competition from white to farmers there.
Prosperity prompted California lawmakers to pass that billion -- act in 1913.
Preventing you say or Japanese immigrants from owning land.
Secretary of transportation Norman and that is shared his father's story with us.
So he's gone off this ship in Seattle.
And unfortunately that put him something like 11100 miles away.
From where he was close to me and so he had to work from one lumbering and -- -- only again and it took him about a year any chance they get from Seattle down the Salinas.
Two -- sugarcoat it resettlement -- come to America the farms sugar -- instead he learned English and became an insurance agent.
And very successful.
And he did very well.
And your folks have come from Japan won my father came in 1910.
My mother in 1950.
Read here but yeah she was and -- say a second generation Japanese born in 1919.
To advocate truck farmers in Washington State.
Lot of people today don't understand why they didn't become American citizens they want to become.
Astros -- but the law did not permit them agents were not.
A lot of Cologne match.
They could stay here that could work here they could live here but they couldn't be Americans are square -- Immigration act of 1924.
And specifically the passage.
That barred all immigration by aliens ineligible to citizenship.
Which by that time -- the Japanese because all other Asian groups have already been.
About legally barred from citizenship.
But by 1940 there were over a 100000.
Japanese living on the West Coast 94000.
California -- 27 year old boy Matsumoto was one of.
I was born in 1913.
Great collecting enough it was a Lincoln for the troops and -- your face to ruin.
-- less than seventy miles east of LA in -- little empire nineteen year old George Jones Chicago was learning the ropes of the thinly -- Would you decide to do when you graduated from school -- will have to work into this goes through with my family.
That's the -- -- is not some photos and then that is continue to thrive so did the resentment.
Had there been.
We're all going they were -- that you seen.
I remember going to some of the major department stores someone else -- -- waited on first even though we had been.
Standing there a long time.
Who worked themselves into a state of fear that in case of Ford's Japanese Americans would -- -- -- Japanese Americans.
Park their cars on rose to prevent army vehicles from getting through.
The fear was palpable.
Already seasoned politician than 42 year old FDR -- in 1925.
Column for Georgia's Macon telegraph.
Said that the so far as Americans are concerned.
And mingling of -- and oriental blood.
On any large scale is a potential hazard to our future population.
-- most Japanese immigrants were hard work and pursue the American dream solo home we're loyal to the empire of Japan.
And let us expand the -- And -- they -- corners of the world under one -- In Hawaii was hard to tell friend from -- they owned most of the small businesses in the house and they made it work.
Percentage of the population upwards of 40%.
Broke bowling game as we ought to have advanced -- -- Harvard -- that -- Japanese Americans ever.
Committed espionage or sabotage.
Leading up to world works it works.
Let's get real president Roosevelt -- reports that Japanese ships going to -- Japanese American.
Japan maintained -- -- all Japanese and moved overseas so they created a net.
Of this -- console or agents -- -- community.
In fact in the 1920s.
Pebble is who wrote quote -- a -- One to orchestrate the attack on Pearl Harbor was a naval attache in Washington DC.
His two year stint gave him valuable insights.
Into the American psyche.
For the fall of 1940.
Highly efficient team of crypto analyst -- by William freed.
Had broken the Japanese diplomatic code it was dubbed magic because it was so hard to decipher the.
Translated magic intercepts.
Were -- it.
A very small number of people.
Secretary of war Henry Stimson and his assistant Jon LeCroy president Roosevelt had access at certain times -- the magic intercepts.
You're looking at a translated copy of a magic people since December 1 1941.
From a Japanese agent in Honolulu the Tokyo.
-- reports in great detail and -- locations and Pearl Harbor quote.
The usual schedule for departure and return of the battleship is leaving on Tuesday and returning on Friday and quote.
But the -- truth is this crucial piece of intelligence was translated three days after the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Some people all the magic evils -- smoking god.
What's really only clear hindsight it's only after the beginning of January 1942.
Campaign -- this -- starts to build among Californians.
For the removal of Japanese Americans.
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