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Welcome the war stories I'm over north -- the American armored foundation tank museum in Danville Virginia.
This summer of 1940 straight and -- Sherman tanks like this one.
We're battling an unexpected.
German mark for dancers on the narrow roads -- -- The largest amphibious assault -- to that point in world war room.
-- -- for some half million American Canadian and British soldiers sailors and airmen were pitted against more than 225000.
Well prepared and and German troops occupying -- that slim advantage to the defenders.
-- vision of Sicily was the first assault against Hitler's fortress Europe they've brought together commanders like happened.
Montgomery Eisenhower and Alexander -- whose leadership ultimately won the war.
But as you'll see tonight the friction between them threaten the success of the endeavor right from the start.
For the allies the lessons learned were important -- -- leader's troops tactics or equipment.
It would be used next on the -- First we have only been eleven months later at Norman.
Inexperienced American troops have suffered huge losses during operation torch in North Africa.
The US took some 6000 casualties -- the cast dream passed some even called it a massacre.
For new leadership.
The battle hardened British army.
Good command -- general Bernard Montgomery was revitalized after a stunning victory elevate against -- Marshal Erwin Rommel.
The experienced British eight army and looked -- -- US troops as being second right.
Despite the growing animosity between the allies -- questions still remain where should they strike next.
Roosevelt and Churchill converted Casablanca.
By the time president Franklin Delano Roosevelt arrived in North Africa in 1943.
British and American military planners were already divided over strategy.
For the US -- -- two front war and production exploding Roosevelt shows a wait and see approach for future operations.
The prime minister Winston Churchill disagreed.
And argued for a vigorous campaign.
Against the soft underbelly of the Third Reich.
The British showed up at has a point well prepared.
And all the staff -- all green what they want.
That -- is a former army infantry officer and the author of combat jobs.
Could tell me about the planning for the Sicily operation the Americans showed up not in agreement one -- its senior officer participated said.
We pretty much it up -- -- -- and just hit -- -- British run presentation Eisenhower -- Dan and Jordan Marshall -- US army chief of them.
I've never really wanted.
Some of the retired lieutenant colonel Carl Podesta is a military historian and the author of bitter victory they thought it was a dead end -- they thought -- was Super Bowl operation.
That was gonna contribute nothing to the ultimate military operation that we needed to win the war which was to invade France that has -- blanket.
Churchill persuaded Roosevelt this was -- again and it was decided that the allies would continue.
Military operations in the Mediterranean.
Their target the island of Sicily.
North of Tunisia and the established the first modern civilization.
Followed by the Romans from -- -- since.
In fact have -- confidence came down with a vengeance on the month.
This would pretty much department -- -- -- cities were not in love with.
Benito Mussolini who called himself he'll do check the leader ruled Italy was an iron fist.
Once a school teacher loosening its promise to restore the glory days of the Roman empire to his homeland.
-- -- -- aligned himself with that was Germany the pact of steel signed in 1939.
But after -- Italian losses in North Africa and -- this alliance -- we began to unravel Mussolini was tottering.
Version of the -- it's the type that suffered one setback.
Hitler was the dominant part of the so called pact of steel.
The Germans view view times.
-- They have no faith that the Italians could really do much of anything.
Dubbed operation -- planning for the invasion of Sicily was plagued with problems from the start.
It was actually planned in five separate location.
In addition to -- for Harold Alexander was the allied ground commander in -- was totally distract.
By the war and Tunisia which was going very badly.
But Alexander wasn't the only one preoccupied in Tunisia.
So -- -- Montgomery.
Dave Heineman gummery come from boarding really devote his time to -- -- realizes this is just all bomb stuff there's no way it's gonna work.
So he comes up with a plan himself.
According to the legend Montgomery -- his playing in the bathroom and Algiers during an impromptu meeting with -- Eisenhower's chief of staff.
Major general Walter Bedell Smith the -- -- came up where it happened to feature the British and then.
The leading role -- British are gonna land near Syracuse in the southeast corner.
The island to make a run up to -- -- and his troops and American troops -- Atlanta and his left and essentially protect the left flank of The British Army -- this is in keeping with.
Montgomery's overall opinion of American combat forces which which wasn't all that -- -- there were some very bad feelings.
But -- stirred up very early in the campaign.
And they all -- back to the fact that there there wasn't a firm hand on the steering wheel.
Well they allies squabble over how to invade Sicily Hitler and his high command fell from modern day Trojan horse.
The deception concocted by the British was designed to deceive the Germans and the believing that the next allied strike would be in Greece not Sicily.
They call this operation means they planted the body of an alleged royal marine major.
Carrying very sensitive documents.
The documents were real but the information.
-- and then they dumped the body -- -- that protects them.
Off the southern coast thing.
The idea was that purpose was closed door and that the Germans -- ultimately find.
An entire panzer division was -- degrees for your.
In anticipation of an allied landing that never took place it was one of the great deception operations military mr.
Stage one of operation -- required the 82 airborne to perform their first military jumped behind enemy lines.
Who makes the decision to try the airborne troops -- George Marshall right at the top of the whole war as an -- was a big believer in this possibilities for the airport Eisenhower is gonna -- the overall allied effort.
It's not -- believer that the airport commanders met Ridgeway in particular is a big proponent.
The airborne that he manages to persuade both Bradley and Patton and patent -- always -- for more combat power and other combat multiplier says.
Let's give him -- try.
One of the paratroopers poised to jump out of a C 47 was 25 year old -- us there from Breckenridge Texas how did you end up going to jump school.
I heard about this paratrooper outfit.
It's sounding very entertaining to me and a hundred dollars a month Baxter -- really sounded dinners and tell everybody your first job.
I won't say that I wasn't scared of you just have to overcome.
I don't know -- Okay I think there's one difference between a parent program director.
At least one time we proved we can overcome -- Dead Sea air and the rest of the end tried -- paratroopers would soon have to overcome their fear again.
This time in combat I looked out the door I'm not trying to hash -- water around.
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