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This is the grave site of a remarkable American leader.
A president -- want to make some of the most momentous decisions and our nation's history.
I'm Oliver North this is war stories coming -- -- from the Harry S Truman Library and Museum in Independence, Missouri.
It seems hard to believe today.
But as vice president Harry Truman was never informed about Franklin Delano -- plans for ending the carnage of World War II.
-- of the powerful secret weapon being developed.
These -- -- All that changed on 12 April 1945.
-- -- sudden death.
After just 82 days as vice president Harry Truman took the oath of office as the nation's 33 president of the United States.
Yet as you'll see in this episode.
The tenacious Harry Truman rose to the occasion.
The and the enormous challenges we face in the months and years ahead.
-- -- use the atomic bomb.
How to counter Soviet expansion.
It and rebuild Europe and Japan.
And then a new war in Korea.
All this came on his watch.
Join us as we examine the fascinating life and trying times.
-- -- -- -- I'd like this was hiking around this building.
As fast read and -- And in Washington Harry Truman became vice president -- may have elected for an unprecedented fourth term Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
-- meets with Roosevelt that the White House Alonso handy is a distinguished professor of history at Ohio University.
Ten years of research went into his -- -- -- of the people.
Truman tells the press when they asked as the president looking good help he's in great shape wonderful.
-- -- the best.
I'm really worried his hands were shaking so much currently hold the cup car was very apprehensive about Roosevelt and able to survive.
-- was worried that the American people knew nothing about FDR's declining health.
His death in April 1945.
From a cerebral hemorrhage stunned the nation.
It also left many people wondering.
Could -- bespectacled Missouri farm boy named Harry S Truman lead America -- war.
Was ready short answers no.
No president in American history has ever been faced with a tremendous foreign problems that confront Harry Truman.
Harry Truman needs to be understood basically as someone who's a member of the midwest during aspiring middle class -- -- a culture in which people -- -- farmers or businessmen and Harry S Truman was.
Born to judge in north and Truman and Lamar Missouri a 120 miles from Kansas City and eight me 1984.
-- -- -- farmer who had branched out at some business -- town Clifton Truman Daniel is Harry Truman's eldest grandson.
What was his relationship like -- his own moment and he's very close service.
Parents and his brother -- and this sister Martha -- From his dad he got his pugnacious.
Attitude his father of the talk politics.
From his mother he got his -- -- Books.
And studying of music.
His mother also decided that the family needed to -- -- better schools.
-- 1890s we left the farm and moved Independence, Missouri ten miles from Kansas City.
It was there that six year old -- discovered a love that would last a lifetime.
When did -- mean Ingraham.
My grandmother when they were in Sunday school he was.
6 o'clock -- the first time thing.
Laid eyes on this Wallace was from one of the most prominent families and independent.
What -- folks to.
Her father David Wallace was a politician her mother was a town socialite.
-- maintained that.
The first time -- saw our she thought she was the most beautiful person he's ever seen Michael DeVine is the director of the -- -- presidential museum and library.
Home to more than seven million pages of Truman's personal papers.
-- -- as far as we can tell you never dated any other.
High school or.
-- -- Where he was six years old my great grandparents took him to a fourth of July celebration.
That evening fireworks.
We're going off.
-- was looking over here somewhere.
And his mother took him to the eye doctor the next day how bad -- -- He had a very serious case.
Myopia extreme nearsightedness.
Very thick corrective lenses and.
And his mother's urging young Harry study hard and became -- reader of history.
Also begin to play the piano dreaming of a career as a concert pianist.
But -- Truman left high school 1901.
Is poor eyesight became an even greater hindrance.
-- had these dreams as a kid going to West Point becoming a professional military officer that never got very far.
-- went down to recruiting station in Kansas City one shot at the eye chart the recruiting officer told him if you lost.
-- not have -- an opportunity to go to college and we didn't have the money.
Parent father John had started speculating in grain futures and the results were disastrous.
And forced to sell their farm they relocated to Kansas City.
-- eventually found a job at a bank paying 35 dollars a -- also join the National Guard.
Yeah -- Finished 21 birthday 19100.
-- He memorized yards -- so that he could read off.
Without hesitation came time exam Harry enjoyed the camaraderie of the guard in the bustle of Kansas City.
But when his parents came to work -- family owned farm and ripped through Missouri Harry was someone to help.
My grandfather left the bank left the city and went back out farm was out there on twelve years and during that time.
-- reappointed -- self worth my grandmother.
Best -- years of hard work on the far more bearable.
But Harry wanted more out of life and his father's death in 1914.
And it was time for him to strike out on his own.
Starts out with a couple of other investors and 1916.
And getting into way.
The lid and seem to mind.
In northern Oklahoma that lasts about six months turns out to be -- Washington.
He gets involved them.
With rather speculative oil outrage they apparently drilled until they ran out of money and then sold well and the guy who fought it drove.
Further hit oil.
Harry Truman was Hillary not a very good news.
We might say that he made a habit of buying -- and selling -- World War I starts.
You know is -- all National Guard units are going to be federalized.
Did he wants to be part of.
He had to pass tonight to go overseas.
He passed the eye exam the only way it.
He cheated he had to memorize the I -- -- -- anxious.
To go with this unit Truman took command of an artillery battery and deployed to France to fight the Germans.
There's depression seems Frontline wars who sees rows of bodies war room.
Opinions about it won't work for a how was changed -- -- World War I experience for its.
That was when he learned he could lead meant he had to take a group of very rough guys and put them -- shape -- had the ability.
Bring them together only -- -- in many ways it was to the defining experience of his life.
When battle hardened Harry Truman returned home to Missouri he invests were finally married.
When Harry married -- in 1919 they came here to this house and Independence, Missouri to live with that's mother.
And yet Harry never quite -- Mrs.
Wallace source upset that her daughter had married farmers.
That -- that a -- have a banker or or someone more prominent in the community for grandpa he never never ever said a word against ever raised his voice never give up.
Harry tried again and business with a friend met in the National Guard.
Eddie Jacobson they decide openness haberdasher store in downtown Kansas.
-- -- -- get started.
Jacobson will provide the merchandising.
-- -- front of abduction and selling unfortunately the recession nearly 22.
-- so -- area and they lost the effort after he has lost every dollar he can raise student and to business at this point to be goes into politics.
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