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Just a mile and a half off the coast of San Francisco standard documented and -- the now infamous island in 1775.
The first recorded an owner Julian -- received Alcatraz island from the Mexican governor with plans for a white house on it.
However the US government took control of the island for military use.
What became a fortress later turned into a military -- and -- civil war prisoners starting an 1861.
The Federal Bureau of Prisons took over -- -- in 1933.
And for about three decades it was home to hundreds of inmates including Al Capone.
The penitentiary claims no one successfully escaped but three of the dozens of inmates who tried to get out were never found.
The prison shut down in 1963.
Due to high cost and protests over raw sewage going into San Francisco day.
A few years later a group of native Americans occupied the island for nearly two years.
Claiming it was rightfully theirs throughout US treaty as well as the right of discovery.
Saying they knew the island thousands of years before Europeans ever arrived in North America.
Eventually the government -- hand over access and unused land to some drives but not -- -- itself.
In addition president Richard Nixon rescinded the Indian termination policy and once again recognized native Americans and their special relationship with the government.
Today among the many sites on the rock.
A multi media exhibit and cultural center requested by the native American occupiers is -- there.
In pop culture the island has had many appearances including Fox's action thriller -- -- It's just the legend.
The criminals that staying here tonight mount protests itself which comes with cents.
Stuff I've found it.
Hauntingly beautiful but somewhat of -- sanctuary that JJ Abrams project follows -- San Francisco detectives investigating the mysterious appearances.
Contrast as most notorious inmates and guards.
Fifty years after their disappearances.
In San Francisco Claudia Allen Fox News.
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