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Tonight on war stories.
Jihad in the jungles of southeast Asia for two American missionaries a little island me sort of the dream became a nightmare we -- sure -- didn't die US special operations command enters the fray.
It unconventional warfare unconventional operations.
Community -- -- we are forced the Philippines has had tremendous success.
He'll make up with the -- Putting terror in paradise that's next -- war story.
For years Islamic radicals have used this rugged terrain and dense triple canopy.
As a safe -- For -- terrorists.
This is war stories and I'm over north coming through from oil and Sulu province of the southern Philippines.
Were on ground from which violent groups like Abu Sayyaf -- July it is -- towards vicious attacks.
Killing scores of Americans and Filipinos.
While terrorizing the people of this problems.
Today he's Islamic radicals are on the run or dead.
Thanks to a unique approach to counterterrorism being taken here for the Philippine armed forces backed up by the United States.
Join us as war stories goes with special operations units to this unknown front.
In the global war on terror.
Unconventional warfare unconventional operations.
The military is more than just.
You're picking gunpoint.
Solving complex political military.
Behind the scenes.
Three advising and assisting local military forces.
A lot of military intelligence sharing.
Provide medical care to those who -- in -- Engineering projects.
The parents schools.
Creative problem solvers.
Can operate list.
It's very important.
That we became very -- it.
Reliving that as soon as they got in this special forces.
-- -- somehow.
Count the people here genuinely like.
Colonel Dave Maxwell as the commanding officer of joint special operations task force Philippines.
A thinking man's game.
That's what it's all about him as a joint command his team consists of soldiers sailors airmen and Marines.
The exact number is classified.
But the total is under a thousand.
The Philippines United States allies and and we have a special relationship a long history together.
The Philippines more than 7000.
Islands became an American colony in 1898.
After the Spanish American war.
But US authorities ended.
And World War II game.
Take December 1941.
Just hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor Japanese forces commanded by general -- -- -- -- -- attack Manila the Philippine capital.
American troops and their Philippine allies put up a tenacious defense until six may 1942.
When the rock of -- -- finally fell.
The relationship between the American and Philippine people was forged in blood and perhaps no place better symbolizes that and this hallowed ground.
The American cemetery here in Manila.
As the final resting place for 171202.
US servicemen and Philippine scouts killed in World War II.
General Douglas MacArthur was one of the few -- Ordered to Australia by president Roosevelt it took him three years to fulfill his most famous promise.
People of the Philippine.
I have return.
By September of 45 the Japanese were defeated.
A year later in recognition of the defense of freedom America granted the island nation full independence.
On -- half of the United States about -- I do here via recognized.
Of the Philippine.
But it's daily you know on just -- Americans we probably have the biggest support -- -- -- got in the whole world.
Gloria Arroyo's father do -- served with the underground resistance during the Japanese occupation.
Gloria attended Georgetown university in the 1970s.
And in 2001.
She became president of the Philippines when you were a student at Georgetown walls could you have ever imagine.
-- -- All of us -- that -- in -- and I would be president located in south.
Even that time the -- that in the conditions were very supportive and it would be the death of the Second World War.
We've been together for the liability.
For the war in Vietnam.
And -- like to get in the war against terrorism.
We know that.
Dating back as far as 1995.
Terrorists -- trained here.
They've been linked to al-Qaeda that year behind the walls of this Manila apartment.
Infamous pushing the plot took shape.
Ramzi -- who tried to destroy the World Trade Center in 1993.
And his uncle the notorious Khalid Sheikh Mohamed.
Use liquid explosives to blow up twelve American airliners over the Pacific.
We also plotted to assassinate Pope John Paul the second during his upcoming visit to Manila.
But six days before the Pope was to arrive this hideout caught fire and the police discovered the bomb factory.
Abusive and -- Sheikh Mohamed were tracked down and killed with a remain today but despite their apprehension.
Radical Islam it's taken -- In the Philippines the primary threat here is the Abu Sayyaf group and relies on local international -- Al-Qaeda is more than willing to provide.
-- ammunitions support financial resources.
-- brigadier general John tool and oversees the US military's response to the war on terror in this remote and complex part of the world.
So -- succeeds.
Sort of at -- apex of what we call it terrorists triangle which reaches.
South -- They.
The thousands of islands in the Sulu archipelago -- spread over hundreds of thousands of square miles of ocean.
In the southern Philippines the population has almost exclusively Muslim.
Like the opposite from the north where most -- Christian groups like Abu Sayyaf in July is -- maintain these Muslim regions suffer from neglect.
Big -- that they would -- who created.
Viewers non NATO.
So these are not the people who are not -- -- -- voting at least.
The leader of the Philippine military response to terror is armed forces chief of staff.
General -- more cities as her own and we are now we're suing them and we -- there.
-- -- -- -- -- The -- They have been cornered.
-- understand the unique challenge of fighting terror here war stories traveled to the lush tropical islands and soon.
New Hampshire native -- waited commands a special operations detached it's part of task force comet a combined US Filipino you.
We were allowed to reveal his identity on camera what's the mission of your -- Of this combined.
Our job -- -- -- its Philippine forces here in the provinces -- moved a little while and others we couldn't identify.
A lot of that is compiling information.
So that they can get good actionable intelligence that they can effectively.
Read this -- The ASG or Abu Sayyaf group is one of the most ruthless Islamic terror organizations in the world.
The fight -- -- she.
Task force -- conduct civil military operations.
Denying terrorists a safe -- like earning goodwill with the people using military resources to conduct.
Engineering projects civic action projects provide medical care projects.
Change the conditions that give rise terrorists and one of the great -- Contributions or support.
Use it as a -- of Baghdad viewers -- -- the infrastructure development there.
Major general Ruben Raphael -- task force -- commanding officer.
Obstruction of gold.
When beatings and providing such -- -- It has greatly affected -- pictures.
Fundamentally unconventional warfare is about using special operations special forces.
To solve or -- in solving complex political and paper and social economic problems.
That's what we face here all to stop these radical Islamic groups hell bent on creating -- They are extraordinarily.
Two American missionaries are kidnapped by Abu Syria and special operations troops go on the hunt.
Don't go away.
-- rivers were up there fighting that they are but what were abducted police.
One of our resources.
And that included market and it's about the Muslim extremists were in the southern part of the Philippines and we didn't think would ever -- us.
By 2001 Grisham Burnham and her husband mark never lived and worked for eighteen years in the Philippines -- Christian missionaries.
Martin was a pilot supporting other remote missionaries.
Martin was pioneer.
Something like -- -- I was cooking for people being on the radio.
You deal with the heat from the votes in the -- then.
The schedules that don't go right and the weather but we.
Mean they're really enjoying life in the -- After years of hard work the couple planned to brief got away.
A week on -- -- -- at the modest -- almost resort perched on the edge of the Sulu -- It was too costly really pressed a -- But I -- anniversary just around the corner and that will be our -- And 27 may 2001.
-- integration arrived at their seaside cottage.
There went to bed that night.
And before dawn the next morning or -- I get time there was a banging on the door.
It's three guys with M sixteens broke the story.
And what one of them took Martin right now one of them came over the bit and lowered his weapon at me and said go go go.
The missionaries along with another American California Guillermo sobero and seventeen Filipino vacationers and hotel workers.
Were -- aboard a speedboat.
-- -- you.
Took advantage -- of the tourists.
Some of them had masks on and just arm into the teeth.
And when they had gotten all us in the vote then they began sounding a lot.
God is great.
And that's when we knew who this we knew -- it was obviously.
Their primary means of raising money his kidnapping.
And they'll -- local.
Citizens were just a few thousand peso but they also look for larger targets mostly westerners and definitely American political team.
Raised hundreds of thousands if not millions of dollars in ransom money.
Everyone in the Philippines knows about obviously.
They chop off people's heads and burned villages.
And we knew we were in big trouble for five agonizing days the overloaded boat.
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- A quarter in 76 square mile island of steep mountains and dense jungle we.
Thought that when we got to the island that the cell phones would work.
The concessions could be made by the Philippine government we'd all go home.
What -- nightmare was just beginning.
-- based cancer are deep in the jungles in these small pass to move in between their camps -- higher in the mountains.
I'm a city girl I don't even like to camp.
And here I was walking through the jungles sleeping on the ground.
Work for a few hours before we -- It's generally muddy it's -- won't.
-- dark -- But these guys this is their backyard and they know the trails.
-- -- Obviously was done to line.
31 year old that -- begun July and he -- who have fought in Afghanistan.
He was the figurehead and his brother had started obvious so he was the next in line gentle and he's deputy was this me.
Abu -- he was very flamboyant.
Charismatic they talked about Osama bin Laden.
Quite often been talking -- he wrote to them the hostages were also forced to make videos to support the terrorist ransom to me.
I mark and from and my wife appreciate.
Both US citizens who have taken an active on it points.
You obviously -- group.
They had mark this -- With a video camera.
Giving all the grievances they had against the Philippine government -- American troops -- without -- They are targeting you have your you and that is unless.
The Abu Sayyaf group.
Eventually started growing they've got a lot of press.
But his days and weeks turned -- months the burnhams -- to despair.
-- after four months of captivity in the jungle and no contact with the outside world.
The burnhams were suddenly allowed to listen to one of the terrorist radios.
You could just tell something was up I got sick of being alone so I went over there even -- I hadn't.
Been invited and Martin just -- the grounds for me to sit down and he said listen -- this something has happened in America.
And they were listening to Voice of America.
Planes that hadn't.
Hit the Twin Towers.
Coming up we were just sitting here aghast they of course were jumping around.
Happy to have him back.
The Philippine Marines close in on the terrorist base.
The raid to free the -- is next.
It was like -- a window in time.
We heard what it happened in America.
11 September 2001.
Every American remembers where they work that fateful day.
Racial Burnham will certainly never forget the -- were held for many months deep inside a mountain jungle camp.
It's -- and did treat my wife is no longer okay good person -- As the lady I think I'm thankful for that.
For the captures the Abu Sayyaf -- 9/11 was a spectacular triumph they of course -- -- kind of jump around at each other on the back.
And he never heard anything else about it.
Four months after 9/11 US special forces began arriving quietly in the Philippines.
To help them in their fight against Islamic terror.
You -- forces the Philippines and along with.
Some support by our special operations forces started.
Communities safe especially those of the album yourself on the island of Basilan.
By march the island was crawling with the Armed Forces of the Philippines.
We were being hunted and we've had sporadic gun.
Every time we were found there was a gun battle.
Was Rambo style -- that camp.
We hated that and we wanted to get negotiated now when we first got to the island at the scene and I figure there are about eighty then we joined up with the group that.
And that was -- a line of people walking through the jungle.
We would just eat what we were given -- in the amount we were given and started steadily.
And we began starving.
Last night and they're predawn breakfast thing in the boys are able to make it right now.
The terrorists wanted money.
The arrogant Abu sabaya had tormented his captives -- staging -- of life photos and -- via the final and I thought.
And like with a smile from different.
But the noose was tightening.
And the other -- say -- fled taking the burdens to the nearby island of Mindanao.
Removing between the islands fairly regularly on small operator votes with powered engines.
General what -- a bond was deputy commander of the Philippine Marine Corps Southern Command.
His unit received crucial intelligence from locals.
About where the terrorists were hiding -- unified -- to -- these athletes and then again and from citizens.
7 June 2002.
Thirteen months in the -- gracious ordeal 500 Philippine soldiers and Marines closed in on the Abu Sayyaf camp.
And they just opened fire on us.
There was this big gun battle and I kept thinking this is my last -- and we knew what to do you draw.
But even before I got to the ground.
I was hit in the way.
And I slid down the steep slope we were on and I came to rest beside Martin.
And I looked over -- him and he was bleeding from his text.
Then I started hearing.
Obviously off retreating down -- For terrorists were killed in the rest of the Abu Sayyaf including John salon and Abu sabaya fled into the jungle.
And I looked back -- and he was.
And that's me Stan.
He had such a good heart and and he just always thought the best of every one.
A wounded -- she was flown by helicopter to the US embassy in Manila during -- routine home.
We were repeatedly -- safe by the office and a.
I just remember just had a real peace one of us was going home to our children and I remember is I was going to sleep that night I thought you know what.
Tonight Martin is not change.
For the first time tonight.
The Philippine government gives the order capture or kill the terror leader.
Despite the danger the US steps up its civil military assist.
That's next on war story.
This is war.
The -- fight against Islamic -- we'll tell me what this is now in what it used to be.
He's no the headquarters of the marine battalion -- who -- But -- used to be years -- called rural community that.
-- -- -- isn't only Islamic terror group in the Philippines.
Formed in the 1970s.
The Moro National Liberation Front or and then -- left this -- signed -- peace agreement with -- Today a faction of that group continues to fight the government.
It may 2007.
-- so sorry -- as commander second marine brigade met them in bloody battle.
You let one of the counterattacks.
Putting the final assault here this is -- at the -- under fire.
Leading from the front how many casualties in that area feel -- you know and -- and then one.
No Americans were involved in the fight.
But as Philippine casualties mounted the US army special forces medics stepped in when it's okay.
-- -- -- Shortly after has he started arriving at camp we have access to that the system addiction treatment of this test.
-- -- with a we had some really severe casualties at that time.
And -- the capitals.
One patient lost that six -- -- his -- and took six units of blood.
There has -- enormous that is.
And is grateful -- -- with the job after a year and a half apparently.
-- -- -- We're told that we cannot reveal your identity.
Why are the identities of special forces personal protective.
The sensitivity of the mission and the terrorist groups that are operating here in southern Philippines -- international -- Special operations are cloaked in secrecy.
-- the mission in the Philippines is more about brains than bullets.
Special ops personnel are often called on to perform tasks as dangerous as any in the history of war.
These Americans possess the physical skill and endurance of world class athletes.
You're also required the master complex technical systems.
And exotic cultures.
I did my graduate work at Harvard.
Generally we're a little bit older than -- soldiers in the regular army.
We've got a little bit more education and -- training very extensive which allows us to use more brains than -- When it comes to some of these sensitive -- Who were the qualities you're looking for the member of this joint special operations task.
We want people who are creative problem solvers -- can operate with local populations it's a thinking man's game.
US special operations command or so come headquartered at MacDill Air Force Base in Florida includes army.
Navy air force and Marines spec ops personnel task force comet in the southern Philippines is a typical so -- operation.
I've got representation from all the services here.
Got US Marines are down here assistant I've got any personal -- -- special operations -- -- -- folks.
Yeah army's green berets are usually deployed in small units called eighteens and eighteen is -- twelve man unit commanded by captain.
He's assisted by a warrant officer.
There's four primary race specialities on a special forces eight.
First the weapons sergeants -- the engineer specialists.
There's a communication specialists.
And finally there's fanatics.
This is a typical eighteen compound.
They have their own perimeter inside an existing Filipino combat base where they're immersed in the local environment.
It's vitally important that you earned the respect and trust.
The people -- work.
To do that -- special forces ciller has to have -- characteristic.
It's just twelve men with rifles.
And the calories nowhere near you've got to earn that trust effect.
Host nation we do but I -- exercises.
-- the special forces from the US.
Major general Victor brought -- commands all Philippine special operations units.
More -- traveled in Vietnam era he reads to his headquarters an hour outside of Manila.
We have a special forces.
Semen at the special forces of US army.
And we have these -- Rangers.
Basically the same -- -- -- -- US.
And we have the LRB which is the main office every sport.
Tough guys yeah.
They have well trained highly motivated they enjoy -- work expire later US military has been your providing.
Temporarily assistants to your forces mainly the health -- Training and at all that guys and giving -- us through our troops doing.
This is -- -- fight.
I've given you assistance -- in the nation comprised of more than 7000 islands maritime commerce is essential to the economy.
The terrorists use these same waterways to commit their crimes making -- operations an essential part.
Of winning the war on terror.
US Navy SEALs are perfect partners when it comes to waterborne -- terrorist operations.
They work hand in hand with Filipino sailors and Marines lieutenant colonel -- rubio is the commanding officer of marine battalion landing team to.
His unit is based just north of the equator on the island of how we tally which means far far -- in.
-- -- -- -- while office.
You really have flattened.
-- -- -- off Banesha if it is difficult but lieutenant colonel -- in his battalion have had success.
And 6 January 2007.
The was -- have commander known as black killer was on the wrong.
Vetoes headquarters received intelligence and his whereabouts the night -- -- addicted black children told me about -- -- -- -- -- The group of blocking it's about what he's -- deal late that afternoon videos believes intercept of the terrorist boat.
Bob how we tell it.
And the firefighters who put -- Buffy was performing it.
-- -- -- firefight they'll feel bad.
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- It takes more than firepower to neutralize -- -- the US and Philippine government -- to get the Abu Sayyaf.
That's next on war stories.
To defeat Islamic terror the Philippine military in US special forces have to do more than just killed terrorists.
-- -- batteries and here in the difficulties brought about by Robert.
And so it -- -- up being from harbor that we can find everything more effective.
Since the -- -- begin operation through 2002.
We've seen tremendous change.
And that is by -- would be.
Big as the -- -- infrastructure.
Our schools providing medical support and assist -- sort of the population on.
And field that the government there's Wear them how did that policy.
Begin here in the Philippines always started.
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- The Armed Forces of the Philippines -- these incredible strides.
They have found precision tools.
Really address the problem.
Without turn in the park reached.
At US government has put a huge investment.
Christie Kenny is the US ambassador to the Philippines and we're trying to give people who've been hurt and console -- -- -- A -- with had a chance to better the lives of people so that they don't have to resort and terrorism and insurgency.
Big caption Ken Capps that is going on him although it is now happening on a regular patient.
Get this is the most part of all about the medical program street even those who might be the enemy.
But you know they're really.
There -- a couple of days ago you.
-- treatment now and -- little boy.
Possibly there's other people would -- the spread the word hey look it.
No worries me treatment -- A we have a veterinarian assigned to our special forces him.
He's very useful in places like full blessings are trying to do is trying to detonate.
As many animals against rabies retreat.
Cattle water buffalo.
That they had here when a family accumulates.
Some money some -- they pull that together and I'll buy a cow and the -- is essentially.
-- savings plan for the family trying to help.
Ensure that the animals being used -- their livelihood.
Are well cared for and he would provide vaccinations.
Whatever it is that the animal means and so makes a real difference in people's lives to -- their biggest day.
So -- -- -- they can we have invested computers.
Quality of education we visited a little school.
-- the computers have been donated well enough project in particular the US -- forces along with me.
Filipino engineers -- the buildings.
One of the USA ID program commission to install the computers and didn't do -- -- -- and very aggressive.
The US Agency for International Development funds programs worth more than fifty million dollars in the Philippines every year.
Projects like this pigeon -- all are changing lives for the better.
How many people have you put to work here on this project.
-- -- -- -- They have a who have almost.
They keep people working here nor will we uses the manager of the AIG funded program growth with equity in Mindanao Gordon -- When this project is completed.
That's not the end of the gem Africa.
-- the seven phase of the -- program is ending he's he's been here.
Furyk in the USA ID agency is going to be happy when we hit it.
-- and a third phase of the program that is putting people.
Back to -- it's given them -- worthwhile profession.
And it's amazing.
This bridge is just one of dozens of US funded projects in the southern Philippines.
And -- stocks.
War stories attended the opening of a new -- in the village of felon being.
We even met former N -- rebels who now cooperate with the government why did you decide to become part of the news.
I need to make a living have a child.
-- Thank you very much think.
HIV and the US government demonstrated that they're -- these -- and for the people of the opposite of that.
And private American citizens are also volunteering to help.
Born in Italy now living in Seattle.
Handed to -- is a successful engineer who first visited the Philippines in 1976.
I think he has ability.
And that you.
-- -- They need.
To be up -- he started the three.
Help build clinics you've helped build schools I don't like this day.
I don't need the people of the United States -- it because they care what that.
It ended -- all the right stuff yeah.
And then anything if this civil military approach to counterterrorism here in the Philippines.
Is achieving remarkable results.
And creating the conditions for success.
In their war on terror.
We're continuing to -- five.
Development and hope for people who wouldn't otherwise -- and he has greatly contribute it could be.
Increase and enhance relationships between.
People -- -- -- -- -- system.
We've got to get rid of the conditions that give rise to terrorist.
And that's with a girl in the Philippines -- -- -- -- -- -- are focused on and we're helping in the fight.
Next a war story.
We were repeatedly lied to by them obviously thinks -- -- me as mom.
Inside story about the Philippine Marines tracked down and killed.
The notorious Burnham kidnapped.
In the Philippines the civil military operations that helped people.
Put them to work and improve their lives have far reaching effects of that country's armed forces he believed that beat you up if the people and out on -- side.
You mean in the wild they also have a direct effect on the hunt for radical Islamic terrorists.
Counterinsurgency -- terrorists is all intelligence driven because terrorist seeks to hide among the most -- And without that intelligence that saved by.
Really can't find earth we see that the people are talking to the security -- why are -- helping now -- -- -- before.
Because they -- -- support thing in his fifteen the that do good today.
It's been that.
If they're found that they believe it because of nutrients and yet because we have connected if you give people -- providing information.
The information is about these men.
The philippines' most wanted terrorists.
Little -- -- took -- signed a whole island in 2006.
Received a civilian tipped.
On the whereabouts of one of the philippines' most wanted these -- -- -- than they sold me.
They didn't get the word -- a couple of -- -- -- Qaddafi -- -- Abu Sayyaf in -- still at large six years after -- -- Burnham was free.
Doesn't get I mean he's in my area.
Good -- Pinto under the command of general so bond planned operation ultimatum.
A final push to break the Abu Sayyaf we had younger -- -- what happened in the front nine.
When -- whose sacrifice.
For September 2006.
-- whereabouts still fight and at that day marine lieutenant -- did you -- -- a platoon deep into the jungle envelope where they pinpointed the Abu Sayyaf base camp.
And he found that because the book that thing.
Started engaging didn't.
I think it.
-- -- -- -- -- Then underneath and then then it exploded.
The violent adopted -- have you what.
Will this work -- from.
Defend their actions.
Six of -- amendment June 5 good good where were you.
I was hit and bill my -- John July the notorious kidnap -- and -- -- was the orderly -- -- Is -- announced but we have neutralized the center of gravity.
What better reason indicated it it got the better way forward is not all about be done that I.
-- not its leader of the public by a group.
They were happy to dying to hide you did well.
Good -- Think there.
For any civilians.
-- come forward with information that leads to capture an elimination Terrence.
The US government sponsors the rewards for justice program and what we're doing is picking up ten million -- -- don't -- June 7 200710.
Million US dollars was given to those whose information.
Let that if he did John salami and another album sales leader.
Albums sold and ambassador -- And general -- -- led the ceremony.
A lot of people themselves.
Are the ones making -- -- I would like to thank you support unity.
The last again thank our American partners and -- That -- didn't notice on them by the book.
-- here today to honor heroes that had the courage.
To step forward.
Make sure that the rest of us can live our lives include.
And these are people whose lives have been a risk that large -- -- feeling toward.
That do wired would be day to get through the United States got.
Out here and there.
-- Rats -- yet another you know.
Two other citizens.
It's -- -- -- A lot of people and -- -- and you liked the justices.
Thank you for the EUS.
Love your friends in the United States of America.
What's your greatest.
Sense of success.
That we've had so they've identified located and killed.
Three key leaders of -- it may feel the success.
The armed forces got a great deal of pride and they've done it themselves.
Was just really the background support of our special operators.
Working behind the scenes to assist them.
More details of commitment and courage from the Philippines coming up.
Don't go away.
This is a global world.
And terrorists that are trained here and affect US interest in US citizens.
Throughout the world.
Do you make of what should be proud of what they're doing together in the Philippines.
And it's that they wouldn't want though that perhaps can -- -- or other parts of the world.
-- the formula can be applied eventually.
You know Iraq and here's how do you assess the mission we are -- the Philippines has had tremendous success.
We're not yet successful I would say that if this this is a model.
How to support an ally and their fight against -- I would like -- addressed the American people.
And express our thanks for this -- stuff even one of the strengths of special courses that we draw -- We've got people who grew up.
Hunting fishing in the mountains of Montana.
And -- men who Rhodes scholar.
I've gotten any growth in your city Oakland and -- comfortable.
That all these people -- different background.
All had to iron.
In the past it was unthinkable for a private citizen here in this majority Muslim province.
Help the Philippine government against Islamic terror.
But now thanks to US -- both civil and military.
And the courage of the Philippine armed forces the people here have hope for a better future.
Free from terror.
There is is the war story that deserves to be full.
I'm Oliver North the night.
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