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Tonight on -- storms they were the predators could be -- -- memorable turn violent.
That they did.
You would rather die for -- -- it.
Like starts his golf the murky depths looking for a way.
So -- we'll.
So I look.
Submarines in the Pacific.
That's next on war stories.
This is the USS both in and Pearl Harbor Hawaii.
Now part of the -- for the museum.
I'm all over north.
Welcome to war stories.
The devastating Japanese attack here on 7 December 1941.
Killed 2400 Americans and -- much of the Pacific fleet to the bottom of this -- Ships like the Arizona in the Oklahoma became national news that the Japanese attack missed four -- suddenly -- -- it's not much different from this.
Nicknamed the Pearl Harbor a bunch vessels that would help -- empire of the -- side.
Life aboard a submarine was one of the most difficult and dangerous jobs during World War II.
One out of every five men -- went to war on -- like this would never see him again.
Join us we take -- beneath the -- To pay tribute to the silent warriors.
Submarines in the Pacific.
-- -- -- Laying down over -- perfect you know.
-- -- President Clinton there -- just off.
-- -- -- Smith was just seventeen when he left his home town of Hammond Indiana born with -- days when he spent carefree afternoons hanging out at the local drugstore.
Listening to the jukebox king.
Given the assignment if you were right.
Have to fight the -- -- -- dictatorships.
Or horrible -- and everything we're doing in Asia.
And -- -- -- to do it.
Concentrated on the warship tied up around forty.
To be complete report of the submarine off.
Thomas Hatfield is a military historian and a dean at the University of Texas and Austin.
The submarine fleet.
Was intact so the main initiative which could then be taken against Japanese which left.
American submarine force you graduate from and -- would.
-- -- What's your mind.
He did that bitterness farmers.
23 year old Charles rush was the son Edward cotton merchant and grew up in Dothan Alabama when he was assigned to -- communications officer and a destroyer after graduating from -- -- -- our message from.
-- question volunteers from suffering under.
And I voluntary.
You know some schools don't -- school.
Think there were -- of -- are volunteering to -- certainly true and we were accepted.
So you went from moved him to radio school tutoring school open fuel on the.
Seventeen year old Bill Young joined the navy in June of 41.
Born and raised in Tucson Arizona young had never even seen an ocean much less a Connecticut submarine base.
Why did you want to -- and so it seemed like.
And adventuresome thing to do you know your time -- have coverage.
21 dollars a month did a lot of guys wash Edison school.
Very -- but some could not spend confinement in claustrophobic could affect the class went.
Who's -- first three months of course.
It -- originally so excellent -- six year old lieutenant John Jacque Reid from Sharon Pennsylvania had been in the navy six years when he arrived in New London.
Who -- a lot of operating.
-- -- -- That classroom experience but the reality was that most of their training for deport these obsolete -- books -- and so we're -- Shortly after world war -- Flu has limitations and speed.
It's usually in the words sort of the last ditch effort.
The -- value as a weapon of -- initially been met with skepticism by the -- old guard.
The first -- delivered -- 19100 was the USS Holland.
Powered by a single 45 horsepower engine.
It could only -- 75 feet.
It would take the success of German U boats.
And the rise to power of a few former some -- hitters before the full potential of this weapon was realized.
Commander in chief of naval forces Pacific and -- just -- who was himself.
A submarine and the support of the president certainly helped.
Today Franklin down on our -- -- beginning of his administration -- 1933.
More than fifty news.
-- were produced.
It's -- out of America's shipyards at an average rate of five from one.
Boston 3.3 million each ticket at speeds of up to twenty knots on the surface half that under water and could dived more than 400 feet.
I'm more patrols with the quotes with a crew of eighty we're capable of operating alone for up to sixty days.
I -- as -- -- that he is the fifth grade does -- -- it.
But the time Pearl Harbor was bombed 21 year old -- young had been in the navy for four years.
The machine is maybe later volunteer for the submarine service and worked on the fleet boat's engines.
The bullets actually -- some types of propulsion one electric the other -- These sixteen pieces for.
This 32 it was Ford engine room.
3200 horsepower after.
The diesel engines propelled the -- what was on the surface they also charge the batteries that powered the -- while submerged.
To the machinists have to maintain those electric motors -- little actress that's an actress electric motors are extremely quiet.
Any sound to Celtics can reveal its location.
With sonar -- in the Japanese ship can zero in on these sounds and pounded submarine -- depth charges.
Award did you run on just batteries your return not she -- -- for a half hour.
The -- who signed up for submarine duty world volunteers.
-- getting into the silent service was only the first challenge.
300 little volunteer.
Dimensional forward who.
Hospital -- community physical mental examination.
Or in -- was preferable over.
-- You're completely dependent on every member of that crew they really -- could -- up front in the ditches -- difficult.
So it's it's a real.
Team effort it is not -- man of tremendous soul.
They have to pull together.
In order to qualify you have to -- every operation on that podium every system.
Earlier system -- -- system -- the -- system fuel system.
Definitely everybody else's job.
To have -- rhetoric that you wouldn't find it in the.
Roller -- by the name assessor collector that is maybe.
And for another one when I was a kid.
I was always afraid order.
After it was -- one way to get over that.
Like so many Americans Texas native and his McLaren signed up the day after the December 7 attack.
And ended up on a mine sweeper and.
It was going to stay here and it was an excellent.
-- -- -- -- -- every you know federal.
Republican and I don't want to have my family -- -- appropriately.
The -- enough inordinately.
And purple hearts.
Jacque Reid Ron Smith Charles rush William long.
-- young and in this McLaren would join the thousands of -- readers chasing a Japanese.
From beneath the Pacific coast.
Fair to say you wanted to go -- harm's -- -- certainly did brother.
Up the navy struggles to fix the problems -- these torpedoes.
That's next on war stories.
By 1940 to the war in the Pacific was in full swing that made the aircraft carrier Lexington was sold at the battle of the coral city.
In June the battle of midway marked America's first decisive victory over the empire of the rising sun.
On the home front American industry was making the transition to a wartime role.
This industry and live stuff that made me realize submarines to do more than just support the surface when they were punters.
These Japanese home islands could be effectively strangled from the supplies and materials Japan.
-- very few natural resources after World War I the United States swore to never engage -- unrestricted submarine warfare.
World War II came another vial to put any vessel flying a Japanese flag with a merchant -- warship in the Los news.
We were saying I agree -- territory.
-- in an additional area that you didn't interfere -- another that's the thing about human warfare and work through.
The first year and a half of the war submarine crews were plagued by problems -- was -- The -- -- you too many of the navy subs commanders lacked that killer instinct.
Little bit distinctive.
Going shoot from Germany come out.
November of 1940 to build young was only eighteen years old and one of three -- and aboard the USS -- He and the -- were not rest there's -- They'd seen any ships they hadn't fired live.
Also aboard was a commander in training -- -- -- -- -- -- -- To the point where at one time -- was confined to just kind of following that disappointing patrol the -- commander was out and Morton was -- -- along with executive officer Richard -- would become legends in the silent service.
It would -- for a whole new generation of submarine commanders who would aggressively.
-- -- The enemy.
Was Morton did his nickname.
From his mouth -- call him mush mouth.
One who talked all time.
You know he was very -- servers -- very.
Highly intelligent man.
Was much more can command the -- departs the US sub base in Brisbane Australia.
Forward you know we're going really.
Everybody we -- anybody in the morning locally available -- Harm's way.
It was good to his word was good to endured this is.
The war patrol report yes -- -- is worth reading the front end of this report here it is.
He takes the submarine.
-- into Victoria day.
-- narrow river.
So narrow that the submarine can't can't turn around only way out of step back I can't tell me what that what what that was like his middle of the night.
What we found where.
-- -- -- Came charging -- others.
Fortunately did it backed up -- away.
What's the sense and on that -- relief and celebration everybody was to -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Wanted to put him on that looks all the walking with bags or more animation is totally -- was 31000.
That number might have been higher if not for defective -- fourteen torpedoes.
At the beginning of the war Americans -- to talk so they're the makers.
On the torpedoes and both of them -- fight.
No one was they magnetic.
-- part of the problem was the torpedo for an deeper.
-- they should have that meant to many torpedoes list like this.
The magnetic detonator was supposed to explode the torpedoes 600 pound twelve -- -- -- that sense the magnetic field around the ship's haul.
In theory it just needed to get close to the target.
The other detonator was a contact detonator which reform contact that you don't feel what's ship and then -- Push back into the explosives which room with him would put them blow up.
-- actually in some instances.
Who hits close to well you never been tension.
The navy struggled to solve the torpedo -- admiral Charles Lockwood was set to the task off the Australian coast.
And back at Pearl Harbor turbulent -- Smith went to work on the detonator -- From an injury frequent regular tobacco for people who were there isn't open runner with the stuff -- on the -- quite.
Mark for a particular there was -- war and comical when people what happened.
By September of 43 the problems were fixed in the -- fourteen was running hot straight and normal.
There's -- crude cheer at that point -- -- Celebration.
They don't think we'll have a very thorough.
Medicinal purposes of medicinal purposes.
A Japanese ship -- -- US saw what the fish.
The terrifying outcome when war stories returns.
The American but it would play in June of 42 a bit of the direct result of the navy's code breakers.
Under the leadership of lieutenant commander Joseph road -- -- station -- going Pearl Harbor.
They cracked 45 that Japanese -- go.
But -- was just the beginning and very.
And the submarine warfare was the breaking the naval intelligence radio -- by American code breakers.
The breaking -- merchant vessels sometimes called the more room -- And the middle of the week boats like Jacque Reid on -- unfinished.
And -- Smith aboard USS -- -- soon having a field day.
We would get report.
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- use the number of you -- -- their sport.
Useful indeed it's been estimated that code breaking was involved in half of all the Japanese vessels destroyed by US submarines during the war.
Breaking the Japanese -- was one of America's most valuable weapons and the Japanese.
Never knew it.
It's never go home alone and that's when they confess or is it.
It's been virtually closed as a radio man familiar with the fact that we've broken Japanese film did you ever wonder if the Japanese -- article.
We wondered about it we didn't think they had we were we were assured that they have not broken.
Had no respect.
Because it didn't seem to know much about us.
The -- and felt inflation.
A few weeks after the victory at midway Charles -- was aboard the USS pressures that torpedoed -- Japanese ship in the Marshall Islands.
-- -- We'll shall.
We where we were so the wake of that torpedo -- while bush.
-- -- -- Pressure.
-- we reliving terrible.
Tank engine flying flying planes flying from him.
-- -- -- -- Until it got black hair.
And it stopped and and we felt this movement.
Submarine and lifting the -- lifting.
And the daughter also who was your -- at the time told -- cup and I can't control.
What -- and the crew didn't know was that a Japanese ship seeing the air bubbles escaping from the pressure had dropped the ball -- -- Snagging their submarine by the tail.
Good and -- -- -- -- -- On we couldn't go through.
-- -- -- 150 of them -- hundred.
-- -- -- -- -- -- When we're punishment for sure we'll support program.
Forget you know over -- -- that control.
-- Folk festival where we'll finish opposes.
Ocean club was electric power -- -- Governor bill.
-- -- -- -- -- -- You can had -- -- just terrible sense of relief at the point.
Well the good things aboard their ship and there's charges aboard the ship made for that purpose when I was just like -- hundred.
-- -- -- -- Goldberg the -- You know and the crew goes down there and I don't know -- -- -- The living hell of -- depth charge attack that's next on war stories.
At the beginning of 1944.
Operation -- the liberation of France was booming and Eisenhower was commander of all life.
Forces in Europe.
In the specific -- -- was losing ground rubble -- Bougainville.
Allied victory was coming but it off horrible price.
In two years of global war 70000 Americans were now dead.
Among the -- 25 -- at the silent service and almost 2000 men.
Many central watery grave by the depth charge.
We're just -- do you suppose you've heard go -- over here.
-- -- It's going to be terrible -- things.
There are certain times you groups around the -- -- you peripherals for your body.
Through from through -- -- I've been through with the official.
What's that like to be under water those things wrong.
Of depth charge is an underwater bombs but the size of the oil dropped.
-- -- up to 300 pounds of explosives.
So Laura -- and allowed to -- to zero in on the sound coming from another vessel.
But destroyer during the sound of a submerged so simply -- the depth charges -- its deck into the water.
-- -- primitive and design idea was to drop enough to damage the sub.
So that it would never surfaced again.
I'm really sorry yeah this was there so yeah.
Should go to bring home as if they did a local.
There you look -- to do it again.
It has to be -- it.
Because blue but it explodes.
-- oppressors coming upward.
And -- depth charges that close -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- We were confident that first times it.
Is it is a totally quiet in the ship under that -- Normally they would political richter assailant running her potential issues when.
All -- machines have done it.
So that people -- children.
What's the longest you church.
-- -- -- -- Seems like thirty years we'll -- three hours.
One tactic for escaping involve finding what's called a -- line.
Temperature -- -- sound barrier deep in the ocean that can help the sub hi.
Normally the -- you go deeper gets colder.
And -- in some instances.
And get a reversal where it.
We used to warm up the result is you have a -- If you are fortunate if you lose little.
Depth and normally you get below that -- They have a difficulty penetrating little brother so -- -- -- budget.
Beyond the sudden death of -- -- charge that was the danger of running out of there without oxygen the crew would suffocate.
What does it feel like -- start well here.
Well I guess the wrong problems I'm prepared to.
Instantly put it appears that nobody around.
Think the guard was down one time -- of the two hours but airs at just needed for the through the -- -- -- as well.
Here is vital to expel the water taken into the boats -- to.
Simply put on the surface a subs ballast tanks and to the submerged water is allowed to enter the tanks and added weight sinks the boat.
To surface compressed air is used to force the water out of the ballast tanks.
Lighten the vessel rises.
Any damage done by -- George to a -- ballast system can make it impossible to surface.
Three deprived of her work when we're over.
And a -- black Rowland Smith in the -- this deal would just off the coast of Japan after attacking a convoy the tables turn and the other became the -- Five -- furcal can -- break the break.
We'll break loose from the Bronx drug after we knew we hear there's -- -- and it becomes.
Are very briefly -- and her pressure was gone.
Our initial bad real -- -- -- -- to -- -- -- -- -- -- -- We're very large -- in the -- looked at.
-- -- -- in recent memory and we'll turn violent murderer.
Dollar -- From there we -- flying out there.
-- -- in the congress and within different.
The dinner humans we're very privately -- for.
Severely damaged -- school since the open ocean.
-- looked at the flaw left repeatedly runs -- on watch.
I've been up for victory.
And I would put my foot on the computer expansion earlier in the mobile measurement -- -- -- -- -- -- pro life.
It's just a good reference to a -- for a strike and it like that thing about it.
That a liberal government program and wake me up.
And if it were quick feet.
Sleeping above a 3500.
Pound torpedo like this war on life and World War II there was some.
When war stories continues.
-- on board a World War II submarine in the Pacific.
Was fraught with danger.
It wasn't going to be depth charges it was running out of oxygen or battery.
Well you blow your test -- could mean being crushed by water oppression.
-- Charles Russian billiard room and never forgotten some other factors.
Talk about the -- on board.
-- -- -- Which are so I was.
Wondering the times we did it.
Used to view.
It's self defense.
Everybody's vote but say it.
Was that kind of -- -- appealing to remain submerged during the daytime and come opens right exactly -- You'd never see -- -- -- trooper's car would get up at night.
That was an actual -- -- -- reaction to what -- that files.
I think that is it.
That much more camels or.
There for another little -- Other vehicles.
-- -- big -- -- -- important -- 300 foot long -- buying space was that such a premium.
Someone once said there's room for everything on -- a submarine.
Except to mistake.
And they would store food every place in the -- who's been moved.
For complete -- probably about fifteen when he.
Or better ten -- from my house.
Clinton here and have to wherever it was from -- berthing area.
Our run after 3040 yards returner and they're appropriate room had just sixteen months and it.
But often there were more -- board and books the solution.
-- -- Under your watch for -- people have looked.
And people want from -- -- Which both pitchers you know this -- up here.
-- Does look like much delivery company.
One small compensation for the rigors of -- marine life was better than average chow.
Food was excellent for the first two or three weeks.
Vineyard into the champs and spam writes from Tampa for you pigs were were -- green foam -- And -- -- water.
Maker of water board yeah.
Or drinking water we've made.
Or first work record -- contaminated nobody had diarrhea.
Committee guys were very or Serena -- They did not have a doctoral -- there are.
Several instances where appendectomy and other kinds of minor surgery were carried out forms might you have a guy that gets wounded.
During the surface and the Google it.
-- foot mangled his coach.
Farmers was made to him down and go for those with -- workers.
Dusty little alcohol same -- do it.
-- -- It's true that you were her favorite theater and music we controlled your movement.
Although Tokyo roses -- -- allied troops gave to any Japanese female radio announcer I've -- to -- was the only one tried and convicted as Tokyo rose.
She broadcast popular music and -- the -- allied troops who Japanese propaganda.
So she knew the names -- -- -- wrote.
Service brokerage -- You get ten pounds -- -- so that could all your sweetheart like at home or running around.
One night she's do that the American submarine people who complain that this can happen that children.
She's so we'll make convicted.
And I think they did he.
-- crews of American.
-- and had to have complete confidence and loyalty and the commander of the ship.
Lieutenant Charles -- and -- crew of the USS -- -- discovered what happens when the men don't have complete.
Confidence in their -- The -- commander -- -- Lucas was commanding the -- of the Dutch east Indies now Indonesia.
Peering through the periscope -- reported they'd been spotted by a Japanese destroyer.
Lucas didn't believe him.
Capitol Hill it.
You don't -- -- -- ball.
-- -- Gordon.
-- quickly ordered up more speed and dove to 200 feet.
For a fight over.
So I went down.
Move forward from.
Three -- -- Well we -- charred brush then go to a bone crushing 600 feet.
-- where we could possibly survive.
And I chose right.
And which they.
Went through this.
Carol I don't know.
The three three.
Rush then went to the -- content found it on me.
Unbelievably Lucas was doing nothing to counter the -- depth charge attack pounding the bill finish.
They look protection.
Problems and nothing more than it was then that -- took command of the submarine.
I shouldn't there's one thing.
-- -- -- Back -- me feel.
I went back and -- -- if it -- -- -- -- -- I can move -- -- there.
-- continues through peaceful arrangement with the likes of friction surface.
Looking -- -- And we just kept going away from.
Two weeks after that ordeal rush watched in total disbelief as captain Lucas turned the bill fish around.
Rather -- after a Japanese -- Boy I tell her.
You've got to go back -- -- -- I think I could do it let me do.
Should I can't her mobile command of the ship.
-- -- -- -- -- Another truthful report.
-- Could prove false.
If not for the -- of a submarine like this.
America might well lead to a different presidents.
Find out why when war stories returns.
The Japanese naval and merchant fleets were simply going.
Over 2000 ships -- more than half by some of -- without war on the -- imported by seeing.
-- pin was unable to make the weapons of war.
Yours is your targets -- essentially just -- The enemy was reduced to using jokes and send him.
The -- priority targets were perfect for a surface attack.
Probably considered too small and wished -- Chicken leg before the battle stations where were you there -- -- after the I'm bewildered -- that are pretty good I thought so helpful.
We were going through directly to coastal -- that -- spent -- months.
Nice post picked up to two body -- to mothers and babies this six weeks old.
Allied coast watchers often alone were positioned throughout the Pacific on Japanese controlled -- Via radio they provided crucial intelligence on enemy movements.
-- -- -- -- But short -- Liang and his crewmates from the guard fish found more people who rescued than they planned war.
We had a sixty people -- -- We -- after the vote.
The boosted confidence that the system -- just my -- -- -- -- and I figured -- -- -- this -- about had to have them -- the aboard.
They said young.
We want to make another trip.
-- -- got to Australian commandos of course what their little board vote.
Good enough quarter aboard the blue gill twenty year old and his McLaren volunteered for a dangerous mission with the commandos.
In the second raiders take out greater power radio station -- -- How far off shore you when you get than that rubber.
Where you carry it shows.
He -- the radio tower and make -- -- back to vote.
They thought so please let us see Hillary get settled back and Richard either.
Teammates were -- about it not likely.
Americans begin bombing.
Japanese role -- As a result.
-- work place.
Ball -- and rescued.
More than 500 -- during the course of the war.
Aboard the guard -- -- young was just off the coast of Japan waiting to pick up US flyers whose planes went down over water.
What would you do about them but tomorrow we finished up front war patrol the win at least another two athletes who -- true.
Through the good stuff good stuff with us.
One -- when I'm able.
Aviator who rescued was -- the first the first President Bush lieutenant George Bush who shut down and 2 September 1944.
Just hours later he was rescued by the crew of the USS spin back.
His son George W.
Bush was born -- two years later in Connecticut.
About fifty miles from the sub school in New London.
More silent warriors of the Pacific in World War II.
When war stories didn't.
The September 1945.
Surrender aboard the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay marked.
The end of World War II.
The mighty Missouri was joined by twelve submarines and their crews.
That are still buy -- -- the for.
-- they feel.
There have among the highest mortality rates.
Any branch of the service -- and war.
Among those who lost -- much Morton and 79 men aboard the -- Can't say enough about the man.
OS SS 27.
William young and his McLaren and -- young are still -- to the ocean they -- so long ago.
-- all retired to civilian life in Hawaii.
Ron Smith -- -- and chronicled life at sea during world war two -- his book torpedo man.
I'm putting up Charlie Rose stayed in the navy retiring in 1961.
But it would take almost sixty years before the truth about how we save the -- fish and its crew.
In 2000 assume you received the navy cross.
The -- -- Jacque Reid also made a career of the navy and retired as a captain in 1967.
Absolutely you can do it didn't disclose that they just but we had a good father.
Who led the.
The record is truly remarkable of their achievement.
Admiral Chester Nimitz said never forget it was our submarines that held the line against the enemy.
Well I think it's replaced losses and -- wounds.
-- just 2% of the navy's personnel America's some -- -- over half the Japanese ships destroyed during World War II.
Theirs is a war story that deserves to be told.
I'm Oliver North.
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