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Tonight -- war stories.
The legendary war crimes trials at Nuremberg and Tokyo we always -- through it.
Terminator here you'll meet the colorful prosecutors.
Perry for us.
Crude individual game -- replace him.
Drinking what we'll take you inside the courtroom dramas turnaround who have -- hitting coach gone -- -- -- It's a struggle.
For final justice that's next on war story.
This is -- 600 in the palace of justice in Nuremberg Germany I'm Oliver North welcome to war stories.
This core problems.
-- use today -- -- the Nazi party and 21 German war criminals face justice in the aftermath.
Of world war.
From November of 1945.
Until October of 1946.
And international tribunal comprised of American British French and Soviet judges.
Tried the Nazi regime.
-- their costs.
A British tourists call with the greatest violent history but as you'll see -- -- it was also imperfect.
And it would politics and entry.
5000 miles away the other Nuremberg trials of 28 Japanese war criminals got underway in Tokyo -- January of 46.
-- like Nuremberg these military trials so called international tribunals.
Where in reality overseen by the US military and its supreme commander in the Pacific general Douglas MacArthur.
Tokyo had its share of controversy and behind the scenes drama not the least of which was the decision not to prosecute Emperor Hirohito.
Tonight the war stories exclusive bill moving -- prosecutors from these trials and hear the stories of those who suffer.
At the hands of our enemies.
Because it's doubtful that.
Live from -- -- -- -- -- As the tide of war finally turned against the axis powers -- -- continued for POWs.
And those conquered by Germany and Japan the Japanese had a culture that -- mean the idea.
So to abuse them killed them was when they approached them about sort of six hour until tomorrow made a bigger French and show them.
But in these last moments toward the -- would be revealed.
The war -- -- first in Europe.
Hitler so called thousand year -- -- its -- at eight may 19459.
Days after the -- shot himself.
And poisoned his mistress turned wife -- -- But many of Hitler's chief Nazi leaders including Hermann Goering.
And Albert -- were captured alive by the allies.
How does come -- out.
That we end up with an international tribunal the war was an allied effort it was a joint effort.
From virtually beginning to end and that was reflected in the conclusion of the war as well.
As a professor of military law at West Point doctor Gary Solis is an expert on war crime prosecutions.
We couldn't simply proceed as we -- that we had to consult whether.
But our major allies and we did.
Maybe in Tehran in November of 43 and golds in February 45 Franklin Roosevelt Winston Churchill.
And Joseph style and argued about how to punish the Nazi leadership.
In the postwar Europe.
Needless to say they didn't always see I'd die.
Find these guys and -- from within six hours Churchill was a fiery temperament but in this case I think that he was wrong.
Instead of Churchill's revenge the allies decided to pursue justice for the victims of the Nazi regime and the look to history as a guide.
We've had rules for warriors ever since been fighting literally thousands of years.
And from around the turn of the twentieth century.
-- -- -- They progressed to World War I.
Had a number of accused war criminals.
We allowed the Germans to try their own big sea trials which -- -- -- variants that spectrum.
And so we determined then we wouldn't make that mistake again and is letting the enemy try their own.
The determination was made that it would be most effective to try.
-- alleged -- -- and Germany itself to make the point most strong.
-- of course -- is the author of the acclaimed book Nuremberg infamy on trial.
The four allied powers each had -- judge sitting at Nuremberg and each head he prosecution team.
Just weeks after Hitler's suicide 32 year old Drexel Sprecher a lawyer from independents Wisconsin ask to join the prosecution team.
-- -- Written on paper at the University of Wisconsin and Abdullah Wednesday.
Nazi regime so I mean they wanted to get on board earned her it was a good name to associated with the trial.
Byrd played host to get his great party rallies it was in 1935 that the -- announced a series of laws.
Defining ritual Harrington -- -- -- -- bearish today a judge at the Nuremberg palace of justice spoke to us about the infamous laws.
It was forbidden -- kind of sexual relationship between an -- and -- not every instrument since the number two north of 19125.
What the reaction to the German people to the trials held in this room.
In the beginning they mistrusted this trial because -- -- did this as have leaked to this trial.
And -- atrocities became known and they learned what had happened queuing for Phillip -- in fear name.
They in the course of the years except it a trial as well as -- -- often tried.
Most major German citizen due to rubble.
Courtroom that it's somehow survived most of the -- Well it was -- a large.
Room at -- back and covers a balcony.
Intended mainly for the journal.
And behind it was -- rather grim.
Prison where -- accommodation for all these agents who were criminals.
The list of 21 defendants -- like -- who was school of evil.
Hermann Goring indicted on four counts of conspiracy and waging aggressive war war crimes and crimes against humanity.
And Eldridge street.
It was brilliant architect and -- minister also indicted and those workouts.
What do members earliest followers Rudolph as in 1943.
-- followed her into the prison to help him write my column.
The German military was also on trial.
Represented by admiral Karl donuts would become like -- after Hitler's death.
Robert -- and was it justice of the US Supreme Court at times in Nuremburg trials were being constantly and he was extraordinary kindness to -- law -- -- -- one year of legal training the Albany Law School.
But he would prove they're very effective prosecutor.
He had won the heart of Franklin Roosevelt how good Jackson chose.
-- kind of inherited airmen.
And -- -- impressed by there here's the good looking man and yesterday who started talking interior.
You knew that whatever you talked about -- could speak about well how did you go about collecting the evidence that was presented in these trials today's Germans.
Had a history of right -- -- up.
Making notes on things and a lot of contemporaneous.
Documents that we -- what's amazing.
And we are going to realize.
Memos and defendants themselves.
Had prepared him.
Interestingly that Nazis did very little about destroying records.
Let me give you one example.
There was a death -- -- In Austria.
And there they kept what they called death books and -- recorded every person who was actually murdered so and so died.
Global one so also died at 1202 and -- heart attacks.
As the court takes shape but -- for the -- still -- in the Pacific and the Japanese watch uneasily.
The fate of the Nazi allies in Europe that's next on war score.
-- leads the Pacific.
After -- -- -- battle we'll develop allied forces under general Douglas MacArthur prepared for the final invasion of Japan.
-- Nazi leader set behind bars and in Nuremberg prison the Japanese war mongers -- -- where they could suffer the same fate.
-- -- his chief archivist at the MacArthur memorial in Norfolk Virginia.
The center holds thousands of documents attesting to the magnitude of Japanese war crimes.
The destruction of Manila.
Civilians killed them to death march and 42 Japanese take -- prisoners on it.
Hellish march everybody knew that these these trials were going to take place.
Why did you volunteer for duty in check.
Every marrying one's debating and -- I mean.
Apparently your -- He -- an icon in the car.
The -- aliens were known for adventure and bravery.
Year old -- Kirk from Harrisburg Illinois joined 23 other Marines stationed in -- one.
Wow I was -- video.
Because I've got -- There was.
Story that's happening right down the road program yeah.
Kirk and ordered three other Marines captured in China were sent to -- slave labor.
Send 36 -- -- -- in November.
-- -- -- rotten militant holding ninety pounds Kirk and his fellow POWs -- seven days a week moving metal for the industrial giant.
Those who were too -- we're being cool or never seen again.
I -- kids got.
I mean many Stuart.
So young and strong.
-- our American -- In the midst of this held court -- the good old camera to document and its treatment of the POWs.
I -- decided that somebody.
-- -- In -- world.
-- of the camera.
And wanted to -- These pictures secretly taken by Kirk we're proof of Japanese war crimes.
They be wrapped in -- for decades but more on that later.
It took -- -- drive the Japanese warlords to surrender aboard the USS Missouri and from September 1945.
But -- -- moved his headquarters into the heart of the banks and building and met the.
And for the emperor's dressed in the ninth in the morning.
And looks like schoolboy come see the master.
It's a matter of psychological.
Really show the Japanese people that they have lost.
Back in Washington president -- struggled to find -- chief prosecutor while wrestling with a political ghosts of FDR.
Joseph -- -- had been a political appointee to the Department of Justice.
He had been very successful attorney he was -- he was.
-- I think Truman wanted to hear it all -- Roosevelt.
People with some inside knowledge.
But fairly accurate statement.
Ohio native Robert -- I was all of 29 years old when Joseph the key Keenan pulled into the White House that October of 1945.
This sound like a good opportunity do you -- didn't really have a aggression on except I knew it had been much bigger than anything and our corner kick for him what I knew already convinced the trials would be historic that I except.
-- to December the prosecution team of sixteen lawyers to -- from Washington received 54 headed for Tokyo.
Would be arriving in in Tokyo on number eight which is really.
December 7 at Pearl Harbor their pearl harbored wanted to make the point that we were not there for fun and games -- The people who bombed Pearl Harbor.
And after they arrived MacArthur announced a decision that stole the world.
Emperor Hirohito would not stand trial did everyone pretty much assume he would try.
He was one of the most hated man in the world so who makes the decision ultimately not to try and -- at MacArthur Truman the real decision made by the president.
Would make -- could convince room he.
Had to have -- -- under his wing to make it.
Occupation go the way you want it to him.
They decided who would be a class a class -- classy.
A class a war criminal at Tokyo was one who was involved again.
Crimes against -- those who had initiated planned the war they picked the first initial morning.
Eight and and drop -- and 26 they picked those because they felt good.
With because they had a very strong case coming against them.
Among the 46 the former prime minister -- -- -- soldier on despite a botched suicide attempt.
Tojo known as the RAZR was indicted for waging aggressive war and inhumane treatment of POWs and civilian.
It -- me how long did extremist who provided the philosophical underpinning for Japanese militarism.
-- tomorrow who helped plan the attack on Pearl Harbor and -- the -- drug trafficking in Manchuria.
Initially the Japanese people were skeptical of the trial process that is the drama unfolded a seat in the courtroom became the hottest ticket in town.
More than a 150000.
Spectators would eventually attended to -- -- have your trials.
But early on there was trouble.
-- was called back to the United States.
And an alcoholic he went up to will help bring the rumors sort of -- I guess he came back.
You mean when you wouldn't.
Put -- -- a little bit.
And the prosecution teams struggled with another huge problem a lack of critical evidence.
From the surrender in mid August until the time of our rival the Japanese have been burning everything in it that you guys.
Army headquarters -- -- we come here and a great deal was -- loss.
Coming up -- -- -- this Nuremberg court.
The trials get under way as chief prosecutor Robert Jackson.
Take some of the client firmly -- Curator -- what was this tunnel used -- during the Nuremberg trials.
He stated that the defendants in the fifth with themselves they used this corridor -- come to the courtroom where they medical.
-- -- -- -- -- -- My favorite continent.
I can't -- -- by American solutions by the first -- Good condition there's no heat in the present in the wintertime they'll let big heavy coats West Virginia is -- Kaufman was a lieutenant the first battalion 26 regiment.
The first infantry division.
Known as the blue staters they were assigned to provide security in Nuremberg at the palace of justice.
It was not open bars like -- -- normal prison the doors were solid there was just a they ditch.
Hole in the door there was a guard -- door.
Looking through the -- watching the prisoners 24 hours today.
To make sure that.
Defendants had nothing that could stand -- him hang themselves from the bars and their windows using as to the prison way.
Lieutenant Coffman couldn't resist looking at the remnants of Hitler's -- -- in their sales.
I -- primarily under had.
He uses are the Sho he used flew if you error they had a commode and the cell in the book -- that -- to.
Played ball shone through that little hole in the door so polite and.
From the tunnel with the descendants that brought with this candidate of those actual -- These cells are good news today -- -- -- ever military personnel here and from the first infantry division I think it.
Cut -- some defendants are typical.
-- November 1945.
The trials in Nuremberg get underway.
Of judges from four nation United States.
Britain France so you.
The very people -- to work under him but they just couldn't you quote Jack sort of respect there.
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- opening the first -- in history.
Thought crimes against the peace of the world.
Imposes a grave responsibility.
In the first week of the trial that 42 defendants heard the charges against them.
You must do you -- will not give your.
The calculations and -- -- -- -- Rudolph -- his plea was only one war.
Paramount -- was unrepentant.
Tuna and stuff.
No apologies for his role in the Nazi regime when he was in the stand.
He was questioned by the chief prosecutor wouldn't.
Justice Jackson interviews.
-- -- Gets mad Jackson was not a great.
Cross examined or even attempt to get -- -- things are directly in pertinent question -- Theo -- -- bending.
Away from the truth.
Well if you wanted certain people -- eleven -- -- organization that would kill him didn't do us proud Irish cops north.
I'm not asking our district reported tiger -- yeah.
Was this thought in some quarters -- something of whom.
He was apparently he was a brilliant man he had been this month home -- graduate of the the German equivalent of West Point -- proved very clever very adept.
The -- in Nuremberg would be repeated its opinion.
When more stories continues the courtroom erupts and Tokyo as one defendant physically attacks another in the dot.
And in turn around there's -- power hitting who have gone -- that's next on the war story.
On the fourth anniversary of the art filled evidence of Nazi brutality played before -- shocked courtroom in Nuremberg.
5000 miles away it.
Robert Dunn INS was -- he touched down in Tokyo to start their jobs as war crimes prosecutors for the AM EST.
The international military tribunal of the parties -- you left him at all on that.
When we were inviting.
MacArthur and his present -- the other may have been trying to do very much against invasion of Soviet Union but I think.
The White House ordered him to do it.
That very same day MacArthur receive word from the -- Five members of his American military commission delivered a guilty verdict against the tiger of the late general you -- -- Separate from the Tokyo trials this was the first war crimes conviction of World War II -- -- I knew nothing about mistreatment.
Civilians in the.
It was probably a flawed case.
In general -- must had been the commander and Manila.
Only a few weeks before the invasion he was tried not for committing war crimes himself but for failure to -- troops general Douglas MacArthur didn't wait for an international tribunal for justice in the Philippines.
-- -- We waited a short late today on 20 October 1944.
For MacArthur it was personal.
This pearl of the -- had been his home for many years.
And POWs and civilians in the Philippines MacArthur issued this sport.
The occupying Japanese forces under the command of general you must.
I shell in addition during the course of the present campaign.
-- the Japanese military authorities in the Philippines immediately liable for any harm which may result from builder report prisoners of war civilians in attorneys.
And civilian non combatants.
A proper treatment and -- protection to which their -- Procter had this belief and -- code soldier.
Seeing to the safety -- -- in the bloodshed that followed in Manila.
A 100000 civilians died his Japanese troops went on a Rampage of rape looting and murder.
And there were additional orders to kill all POWs like Bruce -- Imprisoned on the Philippine island of -- -- had moved conscience Schwartz surely kill kids women other than.
He goes to be sentenced on -- charge of responsibility for Bob Barrett is committed by his troops.
You want you have faces the judge.
-- -- -- -- I'm 23 February 1946.
The sentence was carried out.
Command responsibility would resonate in Tokyo and Nuremberg.
Was real difference and rules of evidence between Nuremberg and Tokyo essentially they would the same rules of evidence.
And the same charges what you see it and international military truck.
Or a military commission as far from what we in the western world are used to seeing in the court there's also an argument that.
Those who have been our sworn enemies are not necessarily entitled to all the protections of our constitution.
Isn't that one of the problems we're having right now trying these enemy combatants in the war on terror it's surely yes I think that today.
The world community is not prepared to accept the procedures.
That in 1945.
No thought was given to.
Who picks who's going to be prosecuted.
His team and personally.
Veteran -- is -- on the executive in the country was.
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- And tunes opponents we're critical of that reason there -- things -- -- -- Internet -- well -- turning into a military with.
The United States -- for our British were particularly.
Angry about that.
Tensions ran high of like the Germans the Japanese have burned thousands of incriminating documents that suddenly there was a break.
After his arrest this man prints Koichi -- Still the prosecution team this -- is -- killing some 6000 entries covering events in Japan's aggressive extinction by.
Wore my faith could separate but definitely in the war vote goes to top men sort of had a pretty good handle on things.
-- about to be arrested as a war criminal he shot himself with a little displayed there instead of committing harakiri.
He failed to kill himself and is treated by an American army doctor.
And receives blood transfusions from an American army sergeant.
A lot of the definition -- -- he's deliberately blundered.
Three may 1946.
Outside -- guy a building guarded by empties the defendants are brought to justice in black belt bus shuttle black limousines delivered nine of the eleven international judges.
-- on the bench didn't arrive in time for the opening proceedings.
The trial started off with a -- I've heard all this noise going on.
Laughter from the gallery.
Look down Hewlett life or killed thing and it turned around -- that hitting.
It was awful.
Oh Phillip laughing and all the other accused were laughing and then although all off and he turned -- -- -- I think you eliminated from the -- And being in pain.
Then there was the language problem.
Japanese does that lend itself to being easily translated in English.
-- -- -- -- -- she was part of the army's military intelligence service assigned to the Tokyo trials were.
My -- -- act.
And what they called him on -- the defense and the prosecution have long.
And we felt that the interpretation.
-- an adequate or.
Ex Clinton Barnes -- would then have in me to come up within acceptable and which.
The pressure's on -- -- increase.
He was terrible on prosecute -- on the you could really.
Do you view it.
The end it was more disorder in the courtroom blighted so many of -- of the defense -- square.
There were resignations primarily because of the conduct of the senior -- the Australian podium where.
He was -- brusque.
-- Individual much like Keenan only Webb was everything on the bench.
He -- do little not only witnesses.
But defense counsel as well and that eventually took it still so much so many defense attorneys threatened to quit.
The secret pictures taken by POW Terrence -- We're used to provide definitive evidence of Japanese atrocities.
I gave the army and navy.
And the FBI.
Each set and these are the pictures that eventually ended up in.
And you -- -- trap.
-- Robert -- -- high and the US prosecution team try to -- the Tokyo trials on track the sentences are handed down here in Nuremberg.
One Nazi escapes punishment under mysterious circumstances that's next on war story.
For nearly a year that what did you that's a defendant sexually 600 of the Nuremberg palace of justice.
As Drexel Sprecher and the prosecuting team presented their evidence.
During the former Luftwaffe commander was dramatic progress here in the US from an intimidating them some -- the other defendants.
And I think some of them that complain.
That he's worth -- -- -- -- -- some he would put on headphones numerous homeowners take him off and didn't make it always.
You throw these live for yourself it is like he was very adamant.
And he had something of a magnetic quality about him so that he began to -- some of the and so realizing -- the prison officials.
Had to -- him -- his meals alone imagery was an isolation.
And then in November 1945.
Some of the most damning evidence was presented in war.
Films of Nazi extermination he could -- -- some improvement -- -- Didn't get customers -- and -- approaches.
It was upsetting Hermann Goering was unrepentant.
He's -- denied that he had -- -- to do with.
The actual murder of people -- -- that was somebody -- Dalai.
One of the intruders and defendants in the doctor Herbert was Albert -- Albert Speer and in the German armaments industry and music genius that increasing German -- -- This means.
There are obviously.
Some bombs the bottom.
I'm -- through going on.
And more knowledgeable on the -- fattening from a concentration camps.
And I think he wanted to admit even to himself.
There comes a time in his when.
The principal defense becomes.
I was simply following workers.
And -- argument would be really not my initiative I was carrying out.
Then -- -- someone are -- authority over -- in the US system.
That's certainly not military court martial themselves.
But -- -- -- Attempt they've got some mitigation.
My indicating that you're in a position or you'd be penalized if it doesn't do something as the trial continued.
Robert Jackson thinking more impressed by young Drexel Sprecher.
Giving him one of the toughest prosecution jobs of the trial.
In May of 46 that's all Wisconsin native took center stage.
-- presented evidence against all the cars sure are -- Hitler youth leader he had been given superior cars by Helder directly.
Do influence education of young people.
-- -- The -- -- about 101000.
You had a role in sending 40000.
-- these Jews who was there.
-- -- -- He admitted.
I was -- and later brokered deal to me.
I think that we've -- But all of them have been found guilty of something -- The sentences are now imposed.
This -- record brings the voice of British Chief Justice Florence.
Defendant come around they're like -- very.
What -- constantly indictment.
The Internet and that it could do.
-- you here I think.
Eleven of the 22 were sentenced to death.
Well received prison terms including Rudolph asked who refused to Wear headphones to hear his verdict in the -- area.
Benny -- very cheated Heyman the German defendants were allowed -- -- to withdraw it was from there things.
Hermann Goering had developed a friendship with the young Americans -- this prison officer.
And on the west.
Today and which Herman here was scheduled to me.
Brought to this.
Evidently within the secretive that cyanide capsule and he bit into it one hour before he was to be and.
Was able to take it with a guards and their watched him all the time I don't know it.
There was a court yard inside the prison walls where the -- and prisoners were actually allowed.
To exercise occasionally.
House has been constructed in the courtyard.
-- that I -- and I went out Wednesday in the sergeant who was in charge of this.
He was a pragmatic from the army -- show.
He was in their test them they have sandbags.
So worthless but -- -- they're playing dangerously fine.
0100 hours 16 October.
In the dark of night ten Nazi criminals were -- for the Dallas.
One hour and 45 minutes later -- were Bruno is dead I feel proud of -- part of me.
First substantial effort to try to leaders of -- sovereign nation vehicles which were committed in the name of the sovereign it.
Tokyo verdicts committee put his justice served that's next on war stories.
Well Nuremberg took just ten months for verdict to be reached.
-- Tokyo trials dragged on for two and a half years.
For William Webb of bending over backwards to give the best advantage community and Japanese employers he wanted them to have can you.
I'm really getting through with their point.
But for many American POWs including -- Kirk and Bruce Elliott their day in court would never column.
Instead they were served the gag order issued by the US military.
I was soldiers -- don't they talk of the media the newspapers.
Everything you do and we found out about us and you'll be core -- your.
Original gag order was drawn up on orders from Washington to general MacArthur.
Has the Philippines were being liberated in January February 1945.
Author of the book unjust enrichment Linda gets Holmes has done extensive research on American POWs in the Pacific.
What puzzles me is why.
This order was then updated to September 5 1945.
Prisoners being recovered from Japan.
Were being also forced to -- this.
Or they hadn't signed a gag order wouldn't talk about what happened to -- -- front line.
And never could figure that -- and never tell.
And so being marrying.
-- -- -- and I was so this is the gag order Terrence -- signed on 13 September 1945.
It covered the pictures he'd risk his life to take Terrence had been told.
You take these home you put -- in -- -- you don't show them to anyone -- -- court -- despite the -- the photographs did end up as evidence in the Tokyo trials -- Markowitz was that navy.
Doctor Who was the POW camp doctor imprisoned -- certain that if -- -- doctor mark which helped take the pictures.
He even appears in this one.
-- -- testified at the Tokyo trials and brought copies of -- photographs with him.
And that advanced -- who get the pictures.
And you know.
And then stemming Yankee.
It was and that picture doctor Markowitz do.
About this gag order and I am quite sure that he made that statement in order to protect terrorists.
Our -- -- and taking steps.
To portray Japan has our democratic.
Ally in Asia are bulwark against communism.
But the 28.
Debt were initially in the dock in the end we had 25 for -- verdicts were.
And for November 1948 after 50000 pages of testimony ordered nineteen witnesses and 779.
The Japanese public waited anxiously for the verdicts.
-- -- -- -- -- And besides coach general -- -- and five others were sentenced to death.
Sixteen received life in prison including prince Hedo the man whose diaries provided -- founding evidence.
According to army procedures the prisoners had to be waived for their -- -- would need to drop seven feet seven inches.
One minute after -- and point 3 December 1948.
The sentences were carried out.
Was justice stuff.
In terms of prosecuting those who deserved it I would say that.
It looked to me from what I have done myself in the courtroom as -- -- was done.
Nuremberg and Tokyo -- certainly the most famous war crimes trials but in the years after World War II.
Thousands of other war criminals were prosecuted and places like -- that -- Singapore.
This is the office -- it's -- -- Yes -- -- -- runs the center for research of allied POWs under the Jack.
Please the public was really aware only of the Tokyo it's.
They weren't aware of the hundreds and hundreds and hundreds profit -- -- Singapore Hong Kong Hong Kong.
At -- a couple of -- we executed 900 prosecutor Robert -- -- his work wasn't done.
He left Tokyo for decked out Germany for the trials of the class being German criminals but this time.
For the defense no one knew a lot of rocker kid been perfectly code and I have -- quick had to be.
That I defended Hitler used later little louder barker was succeeded -- -- Iraq them in Drexel Sprecher sent to prison begun equivalent gave up.
I should know if I'd been on the other side event home.
Some war criminals were never prosecute this man.
Doctor Cheryl sheen's brand -- at 731.
In Manchuria and there people medical experiments were performed on living prisoners.
Including Americans the head of this unit is allowed to go for it.
-- I think at that time the decision was made to stop the war crime trials which really more towards the and he -- -- -- ally.
Said I think.
Both Tokyo and Nuremberg -- the world that there is personal responsibility.
Or certainly it was far from -- -- justice but it was.
Probably as close to just as one could get in those circumstances.
Today in The Hague the war crimes trial of former Yugoslav president Slobodan Milosevic.
Drags into its third year.
More than 2101000.
Were killed in what's been called a genocide.
In Iraq interim government -- -- an arduous process of trying Saddam Hussein and his henchmen.
-- Guantanamo Bay Cuba more than 500 Islamic radicals are being held as enemy combatants.
Pending their military tribunal.
As we -- in Nuremberg and Tokyo however difficult the process when the shooting stops.
Is the best hope for future generations and beating out finding justice.
For those dedicated to that global -- -- is a war story that deserves to be told I'm Oliver North.
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