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Tonight on war stories.
It was the darkest hour of the darkest -- in US history America had surrendered.
We didn't think it was possible.
Didn't believe was possible.
And what happened to the troops -- surrendered to the Japanese.
-- doberman in this open pit.
And the guys I don't know you know -- -- -- yet I'm not and how did the Rangers pull off the most daring rescue an army history that's next.
-- war stories.
I'm Oliver North.
Welcome -- war stories.
Do or die three words that -- -- soldiers.
Was challenging mission.
This is the story of a small group of American Rangers were called upon to rescue over 500 American and allied prisoners of war.
-- hellish place in the Philippines -- The benefit -- It's -- dark chapter.
Work through it.
The men held at the event -- one was rewarded him with some of the 78000.
American and Filipino troops.
We've been surrendered to the captains.
He's that it survived years of unspeakable torture starvation.
Tropical disease tonight we take you inside the largest and most successful rescue mission of American troops in US history.
Might from the Philippines and you.
Outstanding it was paradise.
And then the Japanese start with the war and screwed up old thing.
December 8 1941.
Barely eight hours after Japanese imperial forces virtually destroyed the Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor.
Air raid sirens wailed and another island chain the Philippines.
This time the Japanese were up to annihilate America's air power.
It was the second half of the two -- surprise attack in their quest to take over the world.
Nebraska is -- Miller was all of 21 years old when he was assigned to the army airport.
Nineteen every squadron at Nichols -- I didn't have to go on guard duty total commitment.
So what do see -- and I saw the first half gone with the wind.
And that's gonna see the second half the next night but after the Japanese destroyed more than a hundred planes including.
DB seventeen bombers he and others were quickly converted to infantry.
At the way.
For years to -- To see the second -- We learned about -- except we didn't finish surgery.
And that was a bunch of planes.
Like fighter planes -- and we thought to a.
A lanky six foot 220 year old John Cook was a medic with the army air force from Utah and then we heard the red tent pad.
And we took pictures from that they have on not supposed to have cared garner anything by it I went -- -- the machine gun and looked at that made.
The bulletin board just priced items.
Fresh from New Mexico's 515.
National Guard unit 23 year old Ralph for Rigas was trained as a medic not a -- but now all bets were off.
Both John and Ralph quickly learned that bullets did you.
You just come from the sky news the Japanese people that we're in Manila that had trinket shops.
On Sunday and we bought from.
-- in uniform on Monday as snipers in Manila shooting at us.
General not -- her home -- forces pounded the largest islands of the Philippine archipelago.
Nicknamed the public general hum what was known for his love of painting and poetry writing even during the heat of battle.
I expect I expect and help this troops made it abundantly clear that Japan considered the Filipino people part of their idea of a greater Asia -- And reality they were there to pillage and plunder the natural resources.
Extort anything and everything they could and subject its people its slave labor for the the greater good of Japan.
Lonely -- and we.
Never thought anybody.
Could have beaten her to a talk Republicans.
It was a long ways from New York City but Richard Gordon had requested the -- when he enlisted in the army at the age of eighteen.
Even as a young foot soldier he sensed something was wrong in those first few days of fighting.
And we moved into the -- much of the Philippine army was certain off.
-- -- -- -- To defend against the Japanese invasions -- the beaches.
And of course that was a disaster -- that question two days the Japanese -- just poured through the Filipino.
The Americans in the Philippines new technically about Pearl Harbor quite soon after it happened.
They still seemed.
To be -- -- -- catatonic state Hampton sides has researched both the military and political history behind the fall of the Philippines for his best selling and critically acclaimed book.
-- a number of people who try to get -- to say.
Let's go on the offensive and bomb the airfields in Taiwan when Japanese planes were.
For some reason he went into kind of a fugue state he wouldn't act he was holed up in his penthouse in the Manila hotel for hours and hours people could regional.
And for some reason.
-- that -- -- ordered to attack the air fields title one never occurred.
Within a matter of hours we had lost controls guys.
Macarthur's headquarters moved to a bunker -- -- -- -- or an island fortress in Manila -- -- earned him the nickname of dugout Doug.
From -- he invoked warplane orange which have been on the drawing boards for years baton peninsula as a wrinkled.
That's perfectly suited for protracted defensive war that first week in January 42 defenses were pulled from Manila and it was declared an open city.
Joining the 70000 American and Filipino troops -- 26000.
Civilians fleeing to the Bataan peninsula.
There they waited for the full onslaught of general -- his fourteenth imperial army Americans they can hold on long enough supplies to get there.
I think they can draw this thing out for months and months Napoleon once said that an army marches on its stomach didn't attend the unthinkable was happening.
Food and supplies were running out the Japanese had moved too fast.
Hundreds of tons of -- abandon all over the big island of Luzon when McArthur changed his battle plan to war plan orange.
Richard Gordon remembered being told to leave food in a place that would be as hell hole later it was a complete.
In a city called the -- Thousands of times change and rice and -- voters not to touch and it's.
This is violated the Philippines taking or taking -- across the -- water street.
When we moved into the town we've already should -- rations.
More -- -- always called for six months of food for 43000.
But there was only a month's worth for 78000.
Troops MacArthur ordered every -- and a half rations 2000 calories a day vs 4000.
Needed for an active soldier.
And then they were caught again and again it's.
Totally impossible to.
With found calories a day because the terrain was so rugged to begin with the troops were told help was on the way.
We believe -- because president Roosevelt made a speech that affect stating arms and equipment everything -- -- coming way.
I think some of the fellows had were more optimistic than I was they've run up the hill to see if if we do ships are coming in Manila very.
Expect that -- -- -- general MacArthur had what now looks like almost an almost pathological optimism.
He was certainly.
-- on the soldiers on the time is being.
Wound seldom seen because he.
Only made one trip the entire season the time over to see -- the soldiers on the peninsula.
What no one knew was that FDR had already written off -- ten as a lost cause barely three weeks after the Japanese attacked.
His secretary of war Henry Stimson put it in cold terms.
There are times when men have to die they realized fairly early on that this was -- hopeless situation that the Americans could not fight.
A war on two fronts successfully and it.
Someone was gonna have to get the shaft and it was these mountain time -- MacArthur -- -- Roosevelt's decision is unclear but he made sure his statement was delivered to all his troop.
So I can remember the day fifteenth of January that's when this message came you men are -- -- out.
Because thousands of men and hundreds or planes are on the way they're disappointment was turned into Poland where they're battling bastards of the -- -- -- -- -- -- -- I am talking Americans whom these ships moved through artillery pieces and nobody gives -- And then and nurses.
Where the value investors in bitches of the -- But as the weeks and months dragged on the situation became more desperate.
The eight horses monkeys and anything else to get get their hands on the health that the troops rapidly deteriorated.
I had a machine.
But I've lost about 35 pounds and it was getting hard -- at -- to Blue Ivy and do.
March for -- thousand patients today.
-- -- -- And that left a -- 30% troops to fight off Japanese.
Disease was the real enemy killing more -- -- the imperial army.
Weakened and starved bodies course with every Mormon passage in the hot jungle can deliver field hospitals have long run out of medicine.
April -- they surrendered to the Japanese was a horrible reality but no one knew how to go about it the trip to flag over some -- -- that what we're doing this since.
And sergeant says we're going to surrender many.
-- man cried.
When that order was issued we never expected anything but.
Uncle -- to bail us out.
It turned out just wasn't meant to be.
No one in the US demand for saw what the Japanese have been country -- all the rules of civilized warfare.
These prisoners -- be subjected to a brutal on organized extermination.
And LB game.
Within 85 mile journey called the Bataan death.
-- -- -- You want to.
I didn't go right -- April 1942.
America rally good citizens and geared up to fight the war.
Outside of a -- -- -- Meanwhile half a world away a painful decision is being made to surrender to the Japanese.
Americans don't lose wars we don't surrender the American army had never.
The man how you go about surrendering.
Deep in the jungles of Bataan general -- -- troops bombarded the Americans -- leaflets telling them how to surrender.
Crude drawings promised happy reunions with loved ones most of the time the leaflets were used as toilet paper.
On April ninth after holding out for four months the siege of -- was over.
But who would surrender -- second star 78000.
American and Filipino troops MacArthur was long gone.
Having been ordered to Australia -- FDR to lead the war effort from there.
The decision fell to general Edward King.
General -- felt.
-- horrible -- -- he knew he had to surrender because he knew that this was going to be the greatest slaughter.
In American history if -- did not but he also knew that general MacArthur.
Did not want him to surrender.
But the humanitarian in him knew that if he did not surrender the blood of his soldiers would be on his hands.
-- -- a dirty bed she -- a white flag and met with homeless emissaries.
Bradley heart -- -- -- Japanese warfare expert.
He spent years studying and collecting military artifacts.
General thing took office just go in the Japanese looked at each other.
As a test what is -- and what does -- do.
I can't imagine the emotion that everyone Rosenfeld is thinking.
Not only have it just made history it was the same day that.
Grant to accept -- the surrender.
It up dramatics of the confederate forces.
Quickly the word spread an American and Filipino soldiers poured out of the jungle to.
Faced third captors about fifteen more -- Be on the -- It's time to be got to beat the -- -- some animals.
Took everything we had personal object.
I -- -- down the hill.
And with the main group.
And as our past.
Soldier who was tied to a tree they -- and his -- practice.
Was -- from the waist up.
Blood spurting out of still spreading out of me when she.
That's reason we're in deep trouble and we marched -- days.
You could -- part of a hundred degrees much less.
Have starved put this into an open field and no shade of and make you take your hats off to such -- they had their lunch.
You have to remember that corporal punishment for a felony -- norms and the Japanese military at that time.
Depending on your rank you either gave beatings or you accepted the.
It came to be known as the Bataan death march -- -- 65 mile trek to holding camps.
As the -- line of men's staggered along in sweltering heat public discovered he had a huge problem.
He was prepared to deal with 25000.
POWs NAFTA 100000.
Was faced with -- and he was five months behind Tokyo's schedule.
And -- you know people are.
Losing their grip -- -- what happened or abandoning what happened the situation went from from bad to worse when these division net.
They would thrust -- into the lower abdomen.
And then make -- zigzagging mark with the -- that before they pulled it out in this was to cut through the intestines.
Estimates of 750.
Americans were killed along the way and some 5000 Filipino.
It would have equal to about one body every twenty yards.
I saw a young American soldiers who was so knocked out from -- -- that he and I actually witness the Japanese tank he deliberately ran over.
We have -- human being that was completely flat.
At times the living and beat the dead.
Inside hell on -- that have been at war.
Unconscionable tales of brutality endurance courage and survive that's next.
On war story.
In the brutal days following America's surrender it took anywhere from two days to three weeks for prisoners to complete their share of the 65 mile the ten death.
There was a mutilated body every ten to fifteen paces the atrocities were rumored to be the signature of this man colonel -- -- -- Suu Kyi this.
Colonel Susie showed -- who is really kind of like a hit man for the imperial staff.
Stories that -- city when he went to the field.
Said I'll show you how to treat these bastards and they -- the pistol and -- about the -- of one of the POWs.
He advocated the eating -- -- and.
-- the spirit of the Japanese.
But eating the flesh and drinking the blood of their -- them.
The survivors including Ralph for Rigas and Richard Gordon staggered in the -- Donald processing center with a Japanese decided what to do with their prisoners keep them move them to other camps like -- -- one.
Or shipped them out on -- ships.
And worked them -- slave labor.
We thought we got to O'Donnell.
We have now -- improved a lot in life.
Wanted to find out it was.
The black holes -- 54000.
Souls were crammed into an area less than one square mile.
Within the first six weeks one of every six Americans who survived the death march died.
I woke up 1 morning I had a nice is -- but the guys -- Dornan I didn't I was sleeping.
-- used him as a -- are every so often.
One of the prisoners would take off.
Of course he didn't fare too.
Did definitely says it starts they've brought colorful garden experts.
-- -- -- Teeth and knows that it.
O'Donnell was really the worst of the worst men were laid out -- -- and covered in flies and -- in their own and dysentery.
They were dying at a rate of fifty a day there are dying so fast that could bury them.
We'll bring to your -- months after the ten general -- -- thousands more POWs to deal with general Jonathan Wainwright surrendered his 26000.
Including Andy Miller it was just.
-- bedroom over there and -- surrender they gleeful Japanese army played Wayne writes forced remarks over a loudspeaker.
That this happen on my -- Leo 44.
I could go.
Processes POWs Miller Rodriguez Gordon in court we're sent to a fresh shell called.
-- -- -- Zero award -- they've they've had a disease and they weren't expected to live their -- and any any day any moment after what he couldn't recognize its course management and picking up.
So I could very easily -- friends government.
Over the next three years more than 8000 Americans -- passed through -- ones gates.
Would perished there most dying of terrible disease the most common was buried there.
Is a horrible.
The vitamin deficiency disease that causes swelling.
In the and it is and eventually causes aids victim to.
Essentially drown in his long putts in the mess -- cook was assigned to worked and developed ones Nestle which was located next door to zero award.
Each day he made a -- called look well a -- mixture of rice and whatever they control into it for -- team.
One day he had a surprise.
She does because the camera in this -- of -- bitch.
A -- that go there and read out there and there was ten or twelve guys beat Don -- hell out of each other what those damn miscue it's.
And there wasn't one to scrap of that -- Left on the ground.
-- bones at all I said no Lugo for me but despite a living hell and then put order in their lives.
The main street the better educated officers set up a thing called the university of the Far East where most.
Popular class was in astronomy men stately.
Look at stars.
Think about -- world does this -- so bad.
Coming -- a beautiful American spy.
In an army -- When do their best to help the prisoners of event.
And they almost get away.
On war stories.
From 1942 to 1940 for the war raged on in the European and Pacific -- And the prisoners -- -- -- one wondered if anyone knew they were alive.
Back home in the states their families would receive a telegram like this one if they were lucky.
Others knew nothing at all except for scary headlines.
Each day -- agonizingly this thing to Japanese anthem was played in the prisoners were forced to stand at attention and -- their captors.
You have to salute and that's where many -- and seems pretty bad beatings and when a question of Hanson's questions are court.
Nothing's more alien to her -- Which -- -- the ball when the flag was raised the men had a nickname for there was said the red ass is up there who I never even looked.
The men struggled to survive and 200 grains of bug infested rice a day harsh work details were assigned and the guards earned nicknames.
One of them in this -- Donald Duck.
Does he talk.
From one time yes.
Some of them in an event.
Who was Donald so they told him there's a famous movie.
The American movies.
And he just was great until one night very rare occasions they gave us a movie.
That film that additional orders was Charlie Chaplin.
And then had that Donald -- movie and my ability that -- me in the kitchen the next day he went on a -- retail.
And everybody got to help.
Beatings were frequent and -- the worst.
Overall it was a man called mirroring.
His name was era.
It was certain district.
He come by and just weather your weather.
An -- For no reason at all.
Japanese didn't put their brightest shining stars in charge of these camps.
Typically they were.
The less bright -- military adept.
When you put somebody with a huge ego and not -- familiar refrain.
Just imagine with the.
Slapping was a special tournaments right they get cute patient's room.
Slept beat each other for hours well time and they come in and looked at the end of the day -- -- all puffed up.
-- -- -- Get the men found unique ways to pass the hours this mess -- served as an artist's canvas and then there was some child soon child was itself.
Miserable looking loosen up -- child.
Survived all the war on credit and all the -- -- that are.
Made it up to -- -- on number three and then down to number one and one track to attacks -- count.
And -- -- the Marines would visit us with a vengeance upon so no one touched the stuff.
-- life inside was a struggle outside where people trying to help.
Combatants one had an underground that smuggled all kinds of medicines and supplies that -- Primarily this underground -- and Noah and the most interesting of the underground figures.
With the lady named Claire Phillips Claire was newly married to a 31 infantry sergeant John Phillips -- -- surrendered.
After the death march John was sent to commend it to one where he died of malaria dysentery.
-- vowed to help other prisoners she's calling yourself an Italian kids speak a word tonight.
She's kind of what she doesn't look Italian so she's assumed a new identity and moved to you know.
And started of all things a nightclub for Japanese officers.
Pulling yourself Dorothy -- is -- opened the doors to clubs -- in October 1942.
The name meant to millions and hard to get.
Their beautiful Filipino women danced in -- a never ending stream of drinks for the elite of the Japanese military.
They would start to run their -- in the Filipino women network there.
Knew how to extracting information that they wanted to for example if there was -- Japanese submarine commander in.
They would ask him all are you going to be coming back to see me tomorrow.
And the commander might say it all -- all I have to go to room dollar I have to go to truck and that information would then be passed on to the guerrilla forces and the American team.
She was nicknamed Hyde Park it's because she had a habit of stashing her notes in her -- On the other side of the ledger should use the money that -- she raised from this club to by medicines like point nine.
Haven't smuggled into the -- one camp.
-- -- notes -- -- wore high pockets part of her web it to Bennett won was this man chaplain Robert Taylor.
He helped distribute the goods everyone had the highest respect for -- Taylor.
Everyone's so that Taylor was the sort of man it you know you could trust with the the last.
Then of powdered milk if if it was intended for a sick person -- he would get it to the person and Clinton net mess it would be taken for himself one day.
He was captured by the Japanese guards and the Japanese figured out that he was on the receiving end of this month would.
It was the gift of assigned Bible from high pockets to chaplain -- that got them both arrested and tortured they were able to tie these people to one another.
And this led to a an incredible series tortures -- Taylor was thrown into that political heat box or because tonight.
One hot -- was captured.
The Japanese tortured her and one of the things I did was they put it a whole isn't -- And they turn the water on full blast both clear Phillips and Robert Taylor would survive but -- of the prisoners and to -- one.
He's six ranger battalion comes to the rescue that's next.
On war stories.
By January 1945.
The tide of war in the Pacific was shifting.
Took -- -- -- -- returned to the Philippines for the great flourish bringing 280000.
American troops within it was a he's a great moment for the general.
But there were disturbing signs coming out of Tokyo five months earlier -- kill all prisoners order had been issued from the high command the Japanese have -- there.
There was an island called -- one.
Where 151 Americans were burned alive by the Japanese guards and the -- general Kruger in his intelligence man.
We're worried that something like this.
-- happened about 164.
Year old general Walter Krueger was commander of the six -- -- he was under order from MacArthur to reclaim Manila.
But then there was cup tennis to Juan you know this -- an emotional mission more than it was a strategic -- that was just and recognition on everyone's part.
These men have been -- everything.
And then we -- not let anything else happens.
The 500 so POWs left with the sickest and the weakest they called themselves the ghost of Bataan.
John Cook and Ralph for Regis -- tour the -- still there Andy Miller and Richard Gordon had been shipped out as slave labor.
The rescue mission fell to a new breed of soldier the Rangers a 121 men were selected from the sixth ranger battalion.
We -- in mission that if we succeeded was going to be a great thing that made it unique from almost any other mission in the war because -- -- Only try to kill -- -- but to save some lives of your own -- His -- called him mr.
At 25 Seattle's Robert prince was made assault commander and put in charge of coming up with a plan for the rate he'd been personally selected vice commander lieutenant colonel Henry -- C.
You're -- Republican volunteers today.
-- at all.
-- Insisted that.
-- nothing but volunteers -- -- -- in my company and and I should I'm gonna turn around one step forward -- People who -- long histories and turned around there were in the same formation.
That everyone -- -- step forward.
So we all -- We all wanted to go.
It was a real Mission Impossible slipped behind enemy lines crossed thirty miles of hostile territory and football surrounded by 8000 imperial Japanese troops.
Rescue the prisoners and then do it all again in reverse.
The adventure began at 5 AM on January 28 he had a couple maps.
Some aerial photographs.
Did you have two different.
Growing units and a 120 your guys armed with -- and -- And one's.
Tommy guns and we took some bazooka which we are -- I was not part of our normal armament that you used -- -- before know what we were different.
Training and how to use them in.
Here's it was OK here's editors that surrounds.
Ahead of the Rangers with a fourteen Alamo scouts and -- band of Filipino guerrillas who kept track of enemy positions museum also insisted on -- signal -- cameramen to document the raid.
Have you been given a briefing about the Japanese traffic yes.
We have Filipino guy got -- it -- -- one place we have to stop well traffic went by hand them.
We go across two -- -- at a time and run and -- began.
You know distrust and unpleasant man -- -- -- business and and fairly flat really opened for some -- -- he was that the editor column might.
It was a rhetoric -- concerned about friendly fire mistaking you guys for jet engine.
No because the one thing it's important remember.
It is the Filipino civilians.
Over a 100% or 99.9.
On our side the Japanese have been so brutal -- them that if there was no question.
And anybody that was.
-- -- with the Japanese was killed.
Leading some -- -- Filipino guerrillas was captain one behold.
A brilliant resistance leader -- -- every square inch of the land and what it could offer he suggested using caribou.
And ancient beast of burden to help move the weakened prisoners.
Some of these people were not in good shape.
These were two wheeled -- to put five -- is ruining your good.
Another threw for fear of drawing diagrams in the dirt Princeton -- -- repeatedly went over the -- for the raid the element of surprise was -- It was all set for January 20 ninth but then there was a problem.
Very last possible moment it was learned that.
The Japanese were going to be retreating when hundreds of vehicles tanks and armored vehicles right in front of -- And they've tried to undertake this -- that -- it would have been a disaster.
Luckily when you -- was able the last minute to postpone the mission for 24 hours.
-- -- the first night at Bel Air the second night -- -- Waiting for -- concentration of Japanese to move out of this there on the evening of the bridge we cross the -- river scroll across this field.
-- is about right here.
The land was as -- is a billiard table.
At -- prince and the rest of the Rangers literally crawled and their bellies for nearly half a mile praying they could avoid detection by guards in the towers.
-- cradling cradling her rightful owners years inching forward -- and you don't get up at all.
I can't see you know a good -- -- And you have one other thing going for a diversion the 61 was known.
Pulled over was the black widow.
Right over -- camp and then back again.
One time he he he -- of -- so it cost a little felt like you might be coming down.
He has the full attention of everybody in that camp.
Not only the guards but to POWs were all watching him to.
I said goddamn Buck Rogers come to a live look at that god damn thing.
While everyone looked up the Rangers moved in in its 7:40 PMF company fired first.
It was the greatest love blow walk off -- -- breaking Emmerich and they also iron out to guard real quick.
Up in the -- Simultaneously the Rangers race down to -- one's main thoroughfare -- the Japanese with a merciless barrage of automatic fire.
-- company surrounded the prison to prevent any Japanese history.
It was all over and twenty minutes to ordered in 25 Japanese dead and among the Rangers only two casualties.
The prisoners were actually reluctant to come out serious point well just in some case who you thought it was the -- coming to kill them all.
In other cases that they didn't know who we were arrested who and I tell you -- he said well -- -- yank.
I said no -- -- -- where stupid look at outfit like that.
Slowly the -- -- soldiers emerged and were herded to the waiting caribou carts some walked others were -- Over the next 24 hours the Rangers in guerrillas -- strange looking caravan would -- 8000 imperial Japanese troops.
This picture was taken as a rangers' first crossed in the -- here -- in the early hours of January 31.
It was Robert prince's third wedding anniversary -- -- -- noble -- the -- that old.
Free at last the POWs come home that's next on -- story.
Led by could only use the first dose of the ten stumbled into American territory on the morning of January 31 1945.
21 half hours later Robert prince brought in the last of them.
And he missed the big brass welcome.
Because that's how long that took that call them spend it.
Especially with -- -- POWs to make it.
-- MacArthur had been there and greeted the first alone.
General -- been there and and you -- -- already gone back to our headquarter.
It's -- and colonel -- who ordered the distinguished service crosses nation's second highest award for valor.
Yes and the other officers silver star every.
I had some troubles with it because.
I don't see it we did anything different in the other Americans -- were involved.
Washington knew -- -- heroes on its stance and called the Rangers to meet with the president FDR would die just weeks after this photo was taken.
It was part of what an honor part of experience for all.
Back in the Philippines Ralph -- -- and Jen cook begin treatment for their illnesses that evacuation hospitals.
Along with orders to fatten up -- we're getting two cans of beer a day something the Rangers quickly picked up -- And that's all you guys drink beer I don't I hit the guard guard stuff -- his -- what you're doing it -- said.
Just left it would pick it up I don't like it.
And -- -- well how about get -- for us.
February -- German -- and 270 other former residents -- -- -- one boarded the SS general Anderson for the long trip home.
You know an escort.
40000 ton truck transport was virtually defenseless.
It was a juicy target for Japanese subs in Tokyo -- It was a great day in San Francisco.
But the Anderson pulled -- San Francisco Bay with a precious cargo intact.
The city went wild.
No well no money can bring -- health back.
If you think about it.
There's no other bunch of bastards that kept America the home of the brave land of the free.
Richard Gordon and Andy Miller waited longer for their freedom for another seven backbreaking -- worked -- slave laborers.
Japan's surrender we were building won't let them down hydroelectric dam which by the way is very much in use today.
I was in the -- morning and we didn't get liberated -- the sixteenth of September.
-- Phillips and Chaplin Taylor were also liberated and returned to the states and so was -- -- the dog.
During the next two years only 28 Japanese class a war criminals stood trial vs the 177.
Tried in Germany.
One of them was the -- what general.
-- -- -- He was executed by firing squad in April 1946.
Colonel -- is skipped all prosecution and went into hiding.
The millions of documents collected by the US and Japanese were crimes were mysteriously returned to Tokyo in 1958.
Efforts to obtain and declassify -- continued.
To this day the Japanese have yet to pay a single cent in reparations to these slave laborers.
Stay with me.
Oliver North from war -- war story.
Today our cemeteries continue to -- with the indispensable men and women from World War II.
This year it's veterans are dying at a rate of 11100 a day.
Remembering their sacrifice.
Is a national duty.
Young American Rangers Alamo scouts and Filipino guerrillas who won on the raid to rescue the prisoners of war to Bennett one.
-- a remarkable line.
The -- volunteers.
No choice but the lives of their countrymen -- worth putting their own lives at tremendous risk.
They were willing to place themselves -- extraordinary Jeff.
And know when they go.
They chose to -- and not in the company of -- -- courageous camaraderie.
-- -- of the difficult and dangerous not for personal glory or fame or fortune.
Because if they didn't do it.
No one else to this day.
Six Rangers -- mr.
-- one of war camp remains the largest and most successful mission of its kind ever conducted.
There's there's a war story that deserves to -- old.
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