Sexual violence in conflict: Preferred weapon of choice
UN Special Representative Margot Wallström on efforts to bring justice to victims
- Duration 10:26
- Date Mar 28, 2012
UN Special Representative Margot Wallström on efforts to bring justice to victims
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Welcome back to on the Honda foxnews.com.
Live many of -- you have no doubt seen.
The viral video -- 2012.
Some of the abuses carried act by the Lord's Resistance Army in Uganda.
Among those abuses -- rape and other forms of sexual abuse of women.
And children but it is anything but limited to Uganda we've seen it in -- T.
We've seen it in Europe inflation during the Bosnian civil war of -- And we have seen it in many other places across the globe we are seeing it right now according to the United Nations in Syria president Assad's.
Security forces guilty of the same sort of sexual violence against women children and in some cases men.
The United Nations is now stepping up its campaign against that sort of sexual violence in conflict and we are delighted now.
To be joined by the special representative of the UN Secretary General -- got walls from.
And I hope I pronounce the market correctly.
Thank you very much for being hit first -- -- We see this in Syria right now.
How widespread a problem it is it though when -- when you look at conflict as a whole.
Unfortunately this has become -- modern wars and conflicts the preferred weapon.
Of choice because its -- -- I'm very effective in spreading fear and terror.
Forcing people to feel a certain area then we'll -- can control and power by armed groups.
-- only want.
What forms and these are we talking that -- -- it may be right.
Mainly raped and by the looks really enforced to prostitution fixes slavery enforcement cremation and forced.
And -- there relaxation I -- -- I and other forms some of sexual violence that you.
Traveled like you were appointed in 210 years ago two years ago you've travelled a lot since then what other kind of personal stories you have seen it and from the victims of this kind of violence.
I had -- some of the victims of the Lord's Resistance Army.
One of coal is so -- ex wife's.
She was thirteen years old when she -- -- eighteen years old when she and her brother was abducted by.
And -- eight.
Taken into the jungle and she was.
Gang -- to the first thing that happened and then they told her -- not your brother has passed with witnessed this.
So she had to kill her own brother.
And she yeah.
Particularly brother she had had to give birth 22 I think two children in the jungle she would say -- that's the soldier carrying heavy ammunition.
Very often with I tried to and or so a big weapon.
And she lived for many years we pulled within the jungle.
-- -- And that is there any way of measuring.
In any of these instances how many victims there are of this kind of -- polling.
Violence until now we have not had to I would say reliability inflammation and their facts -- statistics from every area we know more about what has been done to children because there has been -- -- -- looking at particularly crimes against children including sexual violence but we have -- been as tough to lead setting up -- -- monitoring and reporting system whereby we can follow the development but we know there are.
There are hundreds and thousands of of victims and survivors of sexual violence also men and boys.
This is not.
And it's easy to think of this is something that happened.
With the Lord's Resistance Army in Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo but it's far more widespread than that as -- Community it is not that.
Come true it's criminal.
And we're not talking about to date drapes -- secrets and very often where the security forces are themselves implied -- and using defense.
That's weapon -- a tactic killed by -- warfare so it's we can see it everywhere I mean my own good on my own content that that isn't the -- him.
And war we saw this and may be as many as 50000 women.
And where has been great -- send -- 50000 women and when it -- 50000 victims and only thirteen convictions come to that.
Now the United Nations has a website set up for this don't break now don't hold which you can go and look at stop right now don't -- what are you.
Asking people to do to help combat.
Went of course that they can who participate in the -- to make sure that we break would've been cool to history's greatest silence.
I have but also action do you look at the whole issue of conflict in us because we -- -- -- piece of the -- in our pockets.
And some of these rare minerals are used in that electronic and electrical equipment including our -- -- rifles.
And to make sure that -- -- and -- pixel the United Nations that have been possible in the United States of America for example but also to.
To make -- that there is that nobody machine looking at how conflict minerals have to fewer.
The conflict ongoing you wouldn't call will.
My week we talked about we -- -- Congo we told today -- again.
We mentioned -- the -- Syria what kind of evidence is that of sexual violence being used in the ongoing conflict in Syria right.
We have been received reports from me humanitarian organizations that -- actors acted being in Syria.
Particularly from and that prison several other situations some of detention.
And where it sexual violence has been has been used and we mention it in our annual reports to the security comes then.
And so very worrying reports about sexual violence and old and sexual torture.
And I guess one of the the the big issues here -- 11 of the reasons why it's perhaps difficulty -- -- accurate numbers on the number of victims.
Is that there are several reasons why people don't report days.
Tell us a little bit about those reasons.
Because then that became sort of the survivors and walking Shane was the perpetrators walk free.
So fighting impunity has been our number one priority.
There has it has been almost no consequences for the -- -- until now.
But we also count that as one of the successes because first company in the Congo we've actually had asked this a couple of years back we've had more than 250.
-- -- this including a high ranking commander yourself that national army.
So I think we can see slow week that this is changing -- that it's actually one of our main objective.
They didn't vote for involved Bryson hit ball easy to see how his mother says this is such an easy cheap weapon for any sort of army or any militia trying to keep the population -- what yes and as tragic as it is it's.
Always been so wait you know being this con news to.
Tactics like this and because they are effective that's why women would throw themselves off the the fortress walls when they saw the -- coming.
So what I've been I have a question about.
International jurisdiction and what happens if you that you can see exactly what are the kind of international organs and exists to try to bring.
Justice to the victims of these.
Sweat from how long we have been friends.
They hear back here a new resolution that -- -- writes the Security Council to take action.
That includes naming in shape -- so for the first time we have.
The most wanted list have published.
-- in our annual report they can of course you sanctions for example they're traveling visa -- freezing assets for for these -- -- And they can do they can't send these names to this sanctions communities.
They gave me I don't know I.
I is a new development than it is this that the units they for the first time you've -- you think that's an important thing to do to name.
It is because I didn't know I am in they say that they have been that they have walked free and I think that -- for at the highest international eleven that the security Collison.
Announces that they are winning to use all the instruments available to them they can also send people to be nice to see.
-- the international criminal court in The Hague and I would see these days.
Almost all of the cases they haven't had before them has an element.
-- -- -- -- -- How difficult is it not good that some people will look at the United Nations will look at certain peacekeeping operations.
That in those instances.
United Nations personnel have been the perpetrators of sexual violence not the protects -- from sexual violence.
You know every one single case all all six of expectation and abuse by peacekeepers destroy of course there's the credibility of the UN's actions because social peacekeepers to a long.
On the ground every day to try to take women they escort them to.
To find water they scored into the market they have been then did a number of missions to to have to prevent civilians.
But anybody and one case some of sexual exploitation and abuse destroys a lot of of the reputation of UN and the peacekeepers themselves I think that these.
New policy established a much stricter policy of zero tolerance against this.
And for an active follow up quite that you haven't we had to tackles -- this problem until we can see that is going down.
I -- before we let you go I just tell us again some of the organizations.
If you on naming and shaming right now.
We are mentioning fifteen.
Groups are pockets -- conflict that -- suspect did all the these crimes.
And they have.
In the industry to be able to see Aaron as you tool and -- only organization Tennessee army or soul of the many of them you can find in in the Congo bought or sold in the Ivory Coast.
So this is important we -- starting unit in a more conservative wave but this is first time that we do the naming and shaming and new names can be added to that is.
All right and all of this information that isn't stop race and -- a -- or.
Okay models from the UN special representative.
The US circuit generals sexual violence in conflict an honor to have you here thank you very different all right --