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-- -- Everybody hi everybody I'm Rick pulled out thanks so much for joining us here on solution America and this is -- show.
That takes a look at problems big and small and talks to the people who are coming up with solutions.
To those problems today's focus.
Making people who are young who were making a difference young people basically we want you to join the conversation you can chat with a slide.
In the box it's right here below me we're also on Twitter my personal handle is at Rick -- bound.
The -- -- is at fox news -- you can also post your comments on our FaceBook fan page FaceBook dot com slash.
Fox news live let us know what questions you have for our guests and we'll try to work.
As many of those comments and to the show is we -- let's get to it problem number one today.
How can our bodies better attack cancer cells.
The solution a vaccine that utilizes our own immune system and joining us now.
From our nation's capital is Riley and -- he's a student at Dartmouth college and he's the CEO.
Of a company called in -- con you don't typically hear Riley about college students who are CEOs of their own company.
How that come about.
It was a very long journey and pretty much it's the -- -- me -- discovery in the research lab.
And the moment as a started looking into the immune system and how you can harness it to teach your body.
To attack the cancer when the cancer is turning off your immune system.
That's kind of what led me towards doing their research making the discovery.
And then forming a company around the idea to try to get this to the patients directly how long have you working on this.
About three years of -- now.
OK and you're researches involved a couple of different animals that you've worked with in the lab.
And you've sent us some pictures that we want to show people.
Of this vaccine and how it works first of all I talked to us about that the importance of the vaccine in your -- So the vaccine itself and that comes directly actually to these animal models.
The way it functions is we're taking a process and horseshoe crabs.
Now this guy's been around forever for 300 million years -- the exact.
So there's something that it's doing right when it's immune system and we're mimicking that.
To add a tag to your cancer cells to have -- destroyed in the patient.
And do the research we've used a bunch of different.
Animal models such as occupy.
To be able to prove the efficacy.
And the validity of the vaccine the mechanism that it uses to achieve its goal here's the octopus and describe to us or described for us.
Riley exactly what you did with this specimen here.
So when I have the first the initial idea.
And I want to test that I wanted to use my -- want to kind of go right for it but the rules of my schools and you can not use mice because they have -- back on their vertebrae.
So I had to use and in vertebrae.
And all it was trying to show is one I want to prove to people around inside -- it was worth pursuing and to show that when you check this vaccine.
Into the occupy you get an immune response of that red dot that you see is all the immune cells -- have been tagged -- this red dye.
All moving -- the area -- where injected the vaccine and this was all done on the at Georgetown.
I know eventually you do get permission to move to the mouse.
-- we have some pictures of that as well and I was struck here and you can explain this better than I can but apparently.
The cancer the tumor in this mouse was very very large.
Prior to the vaccine.
And then afterwards it was reduced down -- that little red dot that you can see on the right hand side of the image.
Ultimately it's very hard to get funding.
It's very hard to get a lot of people behind your -- you have to do your best of the resources you have.
Who were given mice that had -- stage tumors are -- -- see that blue area.
Is very large and we want to see okay seeing -- the vaccine what happens.
And in a matter of a couple weeks after a bunch of injections -- solid tumor actually decreased and the little red spot -- -- little bit that we have left.
And to me it was amazing to show with that through the entire process.
Starting off -- -- developing the technology moving into mice.
Across the entire board you saw the efficacy of the technology and also the safety features in these models.
I think you have a career insights ahead of you my friend.
I think you know what I hear you and at Dartmouth.
I am a rising sophomore rising sophomore.
Talk to us about the vaccine because we awesome picture of that at least what it looks like under the microscope.
What is what's in the vaccine.
So pretty much the way I want to think of it is it axes and name tags and name tag that sticks to.
The cancer and it says okay body -- to destroy this.
And the way we created it is we take that protein from the horseshoe crabs.
And we do that outer circle around the cancer cell or whatever were putting on the inside.
As the attack and when you stick that back in the patient your body takes that whole particle and it says okay so we have this cancer thing it has -- -- Let's go find that and destroy it.
So it's a matter of creating this complex which educates your body.
To recognize and -- immune response against the cancer when he usually does not do that because the cancer suppresses.
You're an instance OK so where are where -- things stand now with.
With your -- -- with your company.
With getting some more of the backing that you were talking about that as being so hard to get.
Where are you as far as possibly one day being able to bring this out into the open market.
I have cancer patients take advantage of what it is that you're finding.
In the laboratory.
So for me there's a two pronged goal when I started this.
One was getting it in front of huge Biotech company just -- sit down -- scientists show them idea show them my experiments -- for them to -- This is worth pursuing.
And that's kind of the city's rat is right now.
-- -- resources to do clinical trials yes I could sit on this try to get it done in 1015 years but for me it's about getting it to the patients getting to the people.
And why not reach out to a large Biotech company who can get -- -- clinical trials.
Tomorrow and can actually move this forward -- the -- -- -- building -- partnerships as licensing deals to connect with these companies and get.
This technology to the patients the fastest and that would come down to my second my second goal.
Is a couple years ago I spoke at relay for life and for so long this was all about research about success science -- all that kind of stuff.
And when I stood and spoke -- really for life about cancer vaccines and technology and people look at you like this is hope.
But this is the answers prayers and dreams.
I realize that that's kind of the focus and that's why kind of -- the company to focus on -- -- to the people.
And that's where we stand is how we can get -- -- clinic tomorrow.
This is personal for you -- your life for your family been touched by cancer just about every once it's just about everyone has and that's kind of the crazy thing about cancer.
And for me it was an academic challenge but quickly turn into an emotional challenge.
And to me it really comes down to I'm working on this and even if it doesn't actually.
Made a huge impact it really does because let's say it shows that something doesn't work as contributing to the research.
As that change of mindset that really helps me work really hard.
And pursue something that may seem impossible.
For somebody -- no resources no PC to do.
But the weapon that you do you have in college at least is creativity a fresh perspective.
So there's a little bit of empowerment here is looking at stories like.
What I've been working on and other students -- -- doing amazing things and realizing you too can do something.
That can make an impact today.
Riley -- is a student he's sophomore next year beginning in the fall at Dartmouth college and his company is called.
Immune UConn and he's working on a cancer vaccine.
That sounds very exciting for as we said just about everybody out there whose families whose lives it.
In some way been touched by cancer.
I wish -- all the luck in the world great success I hope that your research continues.
To show great things because we really need.
We really need some answers when it comes to the war on cancer.
All the best she right thanks so much for your time.
And when we come back we're gonna continue our -- Ara sort of focus today on young people.
Who are making a difference.
And when we return after a quick break make -- difference in the world of education helping young kids learn math skills.
We have person solving that problem.
We'll talk -- the next.
Welcome back -- do with a -- solution in America today were focusing on.
Young adults who make -- difference in now when it turned to a problem that a lot of school aged kids face.
And that's learning -- math skills so the problem here is finding the best way to teach kids math.
The solution could be.
Joining us now from Philadelphia is not pleasant -- that student at Drexel University.
Good to talk to you thanks very much for coming on -- tell us who first of all what is math -- -- First off thanks for having math that -- is really game game day.
Reinforcing concerts -- basic basic arithmetic among students we're really trying with the game to make.
Learning in a way that's fun for students -- they want to do it and at the same time giving them just as much educational value as they would get from say their homework.
Why American why their -- -- focus on that.
-- -- two reasons one it's really -- foundation a bunch of things it's.
The foundation for scientists a foundation for engineering.
So as students grew up.
Regardless of what they're doing in life -- going to be using math skills so providing a strong foundation -- some really giving them a chance to succeed later on in life.
Are you finding that certain kids have.
Like certain attitudes from that.
Or an aptitude for.
Let's say English are writing their kids are you know good and some said -- subjects and not good -- others they could sort of be a stumbling block for.
For kids as they're trying to learn good math skills.
Yeah I mean there is everywhere and definitely has the skills that they're better at than others and things that come naturally then.
-- and really the foundations.
Are something that everyone needs to grasp and so that's vital to.
We're hoping to create a program that would allow haven't established that.
From foundation so we're looking at Saddam video the game.
That actually looks like a video game I guess that was the idea.
Yes the idea was to create a game that he'd teach and reinforce concepts of math.
-- there are educational games out there that everyone.
There are many people have grown up with playing them in their computer lab school and some of them are good games some of them are good -- tools but rarely are they.
Good educational -- SP case it's really hard to find that perfect -- Team play while retaining educational content so what makes math that's better than some of the other educational games.
When we first started developing the application -- -- really true.
Developing it with that in mind we were developing -- game playing that senators around math.
In many of the other -- to -- -- while I could replace that 22 plus two with color matching your feet matching or any other BC.
And it would work just -- the game they wouldn't change because the two aren't really mix together well so what we -- doing is trying to make you thinking played.
Send her around the math that way the students actually had -- Put the play of the game using math and it thereby enjoying math by playing the game.
Good teachers would this help.
-- teachers is there -- way for them to either incorporated in the classroom would it take.
Maybe some of some of the things that you -- that you've incorporated in the game and actually bring that into a lesson plan.
That we have for.
Nothing that I believe you have a video of that we have teacher tool that's currently in the works.
Because as the students are playing -- gathering statistics about -- the students struggling with the addition we see.
How many problems have gotten right how many they've gotten wrong and but based off the operation based -- -- how long it took just hug each problem.
And we can actually take all that information broadcasted back out to teachers so.
Seems to have -- signing.
Up to math worksheet for hallmark the -- -- this -- -- fifteen minutes playing -- dash.
And instead of having to -- this worksheets to see how well the students are doing with each different concept.
This teacher gets immediate feedback on how the students -- with each.
Topic and that reduces the time they have to spend grating at the same time giving them this same information we've gotten from other sources.
A better kid would enjoyed.
Being assigned homework go -- the play game as opposed to sitting down with a bunch of math problems that he had.
Had this solved.
Yeah I know you went to a science fair recently in Australia is that right.
Yes so Microsoft hosts an international competition -- the matching cup and it's how to both the national and international levels and I believe two weeks ago we got back from Sydney Australia where we actually won the international level of competition -- -- congratulations.
That's very impressive so what did they how come they awarded you.
First prize what were they so impressed with the judges.
The judges were really impressed with the way we approach the problem because the competition asked.
That competitors -- And making game under the team imagine a world where technology is used to solve the world's toughest problems.
And many of the games where there were good at raising awareness of problems -- if you sit down and -- math dash.
It actually has a direct effect on the problem if you sit down and -- math that for a half hour.
You've just got and a half hours worth practice -- your basic math skills whereas the others.
Tended toward more towards you sit down play -- -- for a half -- and walk away thinking -- that's a problem media actually donate money and or work.
Work towards this foundation -- try to help solve this problem but it doesn't have that direct impact.
Met before we go does this -- dash sort of cover all the different levels of math that that that a school -- -- would would go through from.
You know from them from just regular simple under addition subtraction all the way up to.
For economic -- which I -- I wished that someone -- helped me with that when I was in high school.
So we don't quite get up to -- -- on a tree yet they -- Does cover concepts from basic earth to take up to helping with the pre out for.
And we're looking at ways to expand that to higher difficulties.
For students expanding warrant out for and potentially other operations -- Really this scope of this game is seen days.
In grade levels -- first through.
Sixth or seventh in terms of math skills currently.
And we're looking at ways to expand it further we are incorporating -- taking this game having it as part of our.
Repertoire of games and then expanding out.
-- against as well.
We're getting some comments in our chat that snow for president -- -- -- -- grown -- it was English I struggled with.
Which talks to my question to you earlier about people having different aptitude I was better English.
And I was it was a math and David Larson says I've never been very good at math and only got to pre algebra in school but my wife is -- -- it.
Why -- why -- math skills so so helpful in in sort of real life.
Math skills really affect.
Whatever you're going to do whether it's going to be paying.
Giving the waiter -- at a restaurant or.
Calculating taxes are your tax forms or any science engineering.
-- a field you're going to use math somewhere in your everyday life and having that term foundation and really just helps you get through life -- uses skills.
Here we are on the day after.
Sally ride passed away the first.
American woman to.
22 run go up in orbit and up into space in.
She dedicated her life I've been reading her obituaries I don't know whether you've seen the map but she really did dedicate her life to trying to make science and math cool.
For kids once again she realized the importance of that and see that you're carrying on that lesson.
Very well yourself Matt let's neck as a student.
At Drexel university in Philadelphia Matt real quickly where can people learn more about math -- their website you -- send -- -- I guess so this.
There's currently a temporary web site on -- -- parking members' sites that they give us more information about the game.
There you can sign up for newsletter as we.
Send out more information as the game progresses in terms releasing on various.
Platforms such as well as that -- additional tools that we're working on developing -- And one more question from our chat room.
Julie -- my friend says she wants to know if this is key to a certain age group.
This for everybody we talk to you talk a little bit about this that it's sort of starts with sort of basic math skills and it goes up a little bit from there right.
Yet I mean it's geared towards elementary middle school aged students that we found through -- testing that.
Teachers the college level students really any need -- enjoys the game because really it is a good game and said that.
Playing the game.
Enjoying the game is created any at each level and in.
It -- -- refreshed in the skills that you may not use is often that will help improve your mental math.
They can increase.
-- speed and doing some in this every day pass to talk about earlier.
Matt thanks so much all the best to you Matt -- -- from Drexel university and Drexel university's math actually talk to you.
-- -- -- Are when we come back this is a sort of a theme show today we do this each week we pick a theme today we're talking about problems facing.
And when we come right back we'll talk about a problem that faces a lot of young people when they go and move away to college and move away from home for the first year of college.
Maybe the freshman fifteen is -- -- that you had to deal with our next guest we'll talk about ways to keep that from happening to you don't go -- we'll be right back.
Thanks so much for being with us today on -- -- in America we've talked about.
How one group of college students is helping kids get a better grip on math.
Now we want to turn to another issue that a lot of college students are facing in this -- -- to do in their weight.
Once they move away from home and go off to start college next guest wants to help you avoid.
Getting out of shape and adding the freshman fifteen which is problem number three.
And the solution.
Chelsea crossed tips on avoiding college week in and joining us now.
Is author and radio host Chelsea cross good to see -- thanks very much for being not so why do people put on weight when they move away Colin.
You know it's very simple and a sense that -- we're moving away from home for the first time.
We are not under our parents' roof our mother our father of whoever is behind -- groceries is not my address -- press anymore aware responsible for what -- output in our mouth.
Obviously we want to keep you know money and -- usually Ireland for the cheaper easier way of feeding ourselves -- -- like the cup the needles mcdonalds the fast food that's processed food.
The high fructose corn stat package spirit.
All of those -- what accident -- And then whether they want to admit it or not -- the parents want to hear it or not the year and you go to college drinking is now way Immelman here diet and it would ever let and -- whether you're 21 years old are not.
I'm not supporting a legal drinking.
But I'm just saying alcohol -- that really adds to this stuff can happen it's actually.
You've written a book called nineteen which is called ninety because that's how old you are when you voted yes.
Well it's impressive young people that we're talking to today.
The book nineteen reflection in my teenage experience in an extraordinary -- what I've learned and what I have to share.
So give us some information about ways to avoid the freshman fifteen app has a lot.
-- you go way to school and everything changes it's really your first experience -- on your own.
And I think that for me anyway like who tried it my study habits were developed.
You know this year sort of studying at off hours and you're snacking while you're studying -- not paying attention to what you're eating.
But let's go through some of the tips that you avoided that -- given to us in the first one is don't skip breakfast.
Yes what sixteen years old senator radio talk show what I want to talk about teen issues that it -- -- prevalent in the media today.
That there were no millennial speaking to the millennial -- and I fresh shell was about body image and you trash and so I've been talking about this topic for sixty years and it's still so important to spread awareness about.
-- at nineteen years old when I wrote my -- I dedicate that half care to eating habits nutrition and body image especially that the sensitive topic.
For me I've struggled with my weight since island's twelve they're solid and I was too heavy at one time and -- -- at one time so I can relate to both ends of the spectrum.
But there simple ways can adjust your lifestyle.
To make sure that Alison he don't wake up and you can't thinking it's an.
As college state and and -- -- working individuals we can just get back fast yet as practices that.
Fuels our brain as soon as we start the day it also wet starts your calorie burn and count.
They're the banks that people who actually have Brack -- less hungry throughout the day and had to burn more calories affectionately that's out -- that.
Let's cranky too I mean that's that's -- to do with the freshman fifteen but.
You know having a good breakfast and getting some food in your belly at the beginning of your day I think it really help with -- here and.
And also for the brain aiming at how people go to class and they're ready to learn and they don't have any brain power and bring brain feel and I -- I have an oatmeal a bar -- Centered -- -- takes something to start Saturday even -- hard -- But never skip breakfast and my friends don't eat until 2 o'clock in the afternoon and then there starving.
And that's their breakfast and -- -- people -- eat at 12 o'clock at -- Let me ask -- -- let me ask you Chelsea that's tip number two which -- -- up what does that mean.
Means be prepared if you don't have anything in New York apartment alarm house -- I'm going to seek this quick and easy usually fast food -- So you have those essentials in your apartment like the lean proteins a batch of brown race and that the -- -- that.
-- some fruits and -- at all times.
That's when you know that you have something there -- less prone to than running out and getting something like -- don't think that's right around the clock.
Moving on to the next who learned to read labels -- accident.
Similar to do that so well it makes me sound -- because you know knowledge is power.
And I feel like we learned so much an elementary school and -- -- high school and how we don't learn how and you read nutrition label and -- -- -- mind boggling to me.
You should know what -- eat and coming at villain deserves that right if you flip over and it and nutrition label I wish I had one let you know let me let me Teixeira -- The ingredients to just be very simple if you can't pronounce say don't eat.
My brand peanut butter.
It should be -- and maybe some stops but if there's a bunch of other things from the peanut butter like -- necessary that we can't break out of our bodies -- store -- Now your next tip is to keep a food diary.
You know which is a great idea ideally -- practice when someone's.
A freshman in college or just a young person in general the thought of sitting down and writing down to what I put in my mouth -- you know it is -- One other thing they have to deal in the day back -- the reason I taped it keeps sort of a food diary a journal of some sort -- 'cause.
I bet you most of the people that you -- as we -- onto the street right now and ask them what they -- from this morning to now they went.
Eliminate certain things they would take out that -- handful of not so that it checks or maybe that extra half and half say Clinton there cop because it is don't think about it and I think about it but that's how that -- Extra calories add up and not -- you gain access fact that we're not aware of John I found an.
And especially at -- that you want to lose weight you have to take certain actions to gala that is one thing that you could start to see that pattern isn't.
Patterns and let's throughout the week that -- I can definitely eliminate -- -- and loosen the pants a lot of that.
-- -- satisfied that your body mass index you BMI and your target heart rate.
Yes the cut a lot of do you go to again I go to the gym on -- very sad I -- some of the same people for the past three years he did the same machine the same routine.
Every day and they look exactly the same and most of them do need to lose a couple of pounds.
If you don't know your body mass index and you -- your target heart rate you may not be working out efficiently and that's.
To start burning question calories it's extremely easy to learn how to I'm finding out you can log until Google and and tight and BMI I'm not edit session next hour -- anything -- -- -- -- but at -- and they will do it for ill he had been very easy equation everybody -- -- different.
I'll say to find out how much of their body fat percentage you have -- muscle mass.
Especially fairway and then but you should know your own -- and -- we have to take care of ourselves to make the -- the past so why not start young right.
And Chelsea the last tip that you have this find a fitness routine because is as important it is as it is to eat well.
You've got to exercise to.
Actually and -- them.
Not -- my schedule every week you know with getting medium moments are who knows what my day will confess that.
But if you could take out at least thirty minutes of your day.
Three times a week at least you'll already practicing as they increasing -- sleeping habits your mood and also your weight and its -- it it's for you -- for you to keep -- I think.
Think on Cipro and then sometimes I could do it all.
But I don't have healthy timing and I don't go to the pump some endorphins and again.
I do not work efficiently and especially for college student's unique take your head out of attacks -- And go right do something that when you get back you're going to be life is better -- that the end.
You you figure super woman sometimes that is.
Griffin 57 who wrote in the -- anyone thinks.
This generation is lazy should check out this young lady so you have a new stand there and -- I'm doing how -- it's -- -- point that you made a little while ago just who does.
If you don't know what you're reading don't.
-- it because that's that's -- fashion labels are so important for us to learn how to read if you don't know what the ingredients are -- especially the don't know how to pronounce certain ingredients.
Don't fight back.
There's so many there's so many web Facebook's.
Brochures that -- -- educate ourselves on.
With what are the better options to -- to hit tissues.
-- unfortunately you know what that that economic crisis today we don't have a lot of people can't afford I'll be organic -- you know the whole foods like products sure but there are ways to get healthy nutritious foods for you know.
-- Chelsea cross website we have -- up on the screen Chelsea crossed KR OST dot com her book is called nineteen.
And we appreciate you coming on thank you so much what a pleasure to meet you -- -- and thanks to all of our guests today for a real fun show about differences that are being made by.
Young people in our country.
Who want to hear from you again please don't hesitate to reach out to us let us know.
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