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Well those bitter cold temperatures are creating dangerous conditions for millions of Americans temperatures dropping to 27 below in northern Minnesota.
While the wind chill will make parts of New Hampshire feel as though it's 85 degrees below.
Now all of this is creating major health and safety concerns at least four people have died.
So and the big question what can you do to protect yourself and your family.
Joining us now and doctor -- patty -- senior attending physician.
Of emergency medicine at saint part of -- hospital welcome great to see you here thanks for having me.
The -- -- people we know it just takes a few moments in temperatures like this to really suffer some serious consequences.
Definitely with the types of windchill factors that we're getting right now and the extreme cold all it takes is a few minutes of unprotected.
Skin to via affected by the cold.
Literally people need to know that dressing.
-- you know warmly makes a huge difference in announcing the conference that exactly -- we have that acronym that we use the CO LD Akron embassy for you know cover yourself.
And that includes areas that are very prone to injury fingertips toes.
And at -- of your nose your ear lobes.
You know always you want to make sure that Europe.
Not over exerting yourself because when -- outside in cold weather like this.
Then you build up a layer sweat and that's wet underneath the warm clothing can actually help you get chilled even more.
You want to dress in layers.
You -- -- always make sure you do that and you wanna dress properly for the environment you know.
He's -- a big difference in terms of the elderly and young people and in the ways that they can really.
Get sick and -- some major illness definitely older people usually have decreased cold tolerance their metabolism tends to be a little lower.
And they don't realize they don't sense the cold is as -- Quickly as younger people do plus they have other health concerns as well that affect their ability to be.
Warm and to remain warm and cold climates they also take a lot of medications which can decrease their ability to stay warm properly.
So the elderly are definitely a high risk category as well as infants infants really can't tell you when they're cold.
And they have a decreased ability to tolerate cool cool temperatures what's important to check on both of those extremes you brought some props and today to.
Show us what we can do to better protect herself I did common sense things that we all know and -- already taught us this but you know maintaining a good diet and staying healthy includes lots of fruits and vegetables.
He need to drink a lot of water as well people say -- that what -- need to drink water -- need to keep the integrity of your skin.
And your skin gets very dried out during cold weather like this you want to make sure you moisturize.
And hydrate properly to keep your skin as healthy as it can be to help you ward off -- cold.
You also want to dress warmly as we just discussed and that includes you know good clothing warm stuff that you can Wear.
Layers hats gloves -- and a lot of the clothing should be tightly woven because you wanted to be able to repel water.
You wearing clothing if it's wet it is really not as good as.
You know it it's not -- even.
A worthwhile like give you one -- try layered clothing that's kind of my health frustrated because you're outside you're freezing and come back into the building it is really hot so.
They tend not to -- layer up like this.
It I agree it is frustrating here on the subway you're sweating you're taking things off but if you do dress in layers with with you know clothing that's warm yet not as heavy and bulky it's sometimes easy to -- your coat off and maintain your body temperature but it is difficult with the challenge -- -- it's a challenge is getting around.
And it is when these temperatures but.
This is very good advice -- they decide to join the war don't forget your flu shot absolutely okay thank you got.
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