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-- time now for somebody else -- joining us as always this morning doctor Marc Siegel is associate professor of medicine.
At NYU's lie angle and medical center is also the author of the -- -- -- -- in the secret code of sickness and health.
Also with us doctor Davidson -- joining us -- vice chairman of the department of urology cheaper robotics at the Mount Sinai Medical Center doctors good morning to -- order you want to bring these scenes this he would.
I will point out -- were all wearing blue because march is colon cancer awareness month I guess we were all thinking about it this morning you know it's the third leading cause of cancer death among both men and women in the US.
In fact it's estimated that in 2013 about 51000.
People will die from colon cancer said doctor Siegel.
We know bit about it we know we should get checked what else do we need to know.
Well let's start with the fact that we should get checked because that's one cancer we can really check and know what we're finding.
We have over a 100000 cases of colon cancer per year in 40000 rectal cancer and over 80% of this can be prevented if you screen.
With a simple colonoscopy over the age of fifty routinely.
Earlier if you have a family history -- certain risk factors now.
Why do I want -- -- your call and it's not for colon cancer rates to look for polyps.
Also the precursor for colon cancer and they found in thirty to 50% of Americans 3050%.
Most of them never become colon cancer.
But if I find one moment but not me specifically I'm not doing the screening of -- a -- not super finds one.
Removes it it dramatically reduces your chances what else can you do Jamie.
Well you can decrease the amount a red meat in your -- you can increase the amount of fruit and veggies in your diet.
A new study out of Harvard seems to show that if you exercise more and you lose weight you will decrease your risk.
Of developing colon cancer -- about 50% of cases because they found in the someday that I talk about all the time a genetic marker.
They found the genetic marker that in about half of the cases exercise and diet will help a lot we need to know that you wanna know which group -- -- So exercise diet.
Cutting down on -- on red meat increasing fruit and vegetables the food.
That's the most active somebody's I have fiber of things it's been one of the major respect -- as as mark mentioned.
Is really red -- and that's a big risk factor and then also low fiber so you wanna suits that you want to make sure that you have all the fruits and vegetables.
Obviously a lot of African Americans are susceptible to this we've talked about the inflammatory bowel disease.
Also the collide this is a risk factors it's certainly a -- over fifty is the reason why we start colonoscopy.
After that age unless you have family history but I also want to mention to a lot of people exactly how you know.
If there are signs or symptoms of colon cancer and that's really the question that comes up all the time.
It starts with having absolutely no symptoms which what -- see -- many cancers so you -- of movie may have colon cancer without having any symptoms.
But the highlight of -- cancer is blood in the stool and that's if you see blood in the stool if it's a really dark it's probably from -- track from stomach.
If it's really fresh blood is from hemorrhoids but if it's mixed but still that's colon cancer.
Changes in the bowel habits simple -- such -- cramp and abdominal pain since post things iPad you don't want to dismiss.
If you have unexplained weight loss certainly that's a big one and finally Anemia.
Blood loss if you gradually -- all the blood you may be fatigue maybe tired.
Make -- you talk to your doctor about this colonoscopy is a big thing and obviously getting those polyps out of the way if you you can prevented.
You know cost of these on and it's so easy and and got mine this week and I don't ambulances up -- and -- go through that process and is that you really have to do that you drink that stuff all night.
-- -- that they don't want people out there to know the colonoscopy itself.
Isn't the issue it is the prep because these days -- they can put you to sleep if you want -- you don't even have to know mixing -- -- -- -- -- -- -- what we already had it.
It's depressed that's the issue but even Oprah picks just a couple of hours I urge everyone to go through -- there's other ways together.
You can have a virtual colonoscopy you can have what I was look at your perfect analogy -- not a defective and I I believe me if you can have a -- -- to -- Michigan and I think you've got the costs to think that's important.
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