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Today marks ten years since the start of the war in Iraq.
We're taking a look at what has changed since the US led the shock and all air campaign began on March 20 2003.
And what can be learned from.
Let's continue our conversation -- ambassador John Bolton a former US ambassador to the UN and a Fox News contributor.
General Jack -- retired four star general and former chief of staff of the army is also.
A Fox News military analyst -- to you first general -- you're at the Pentagon.
Helping advise -- general Tommy Franks as he began the war in -- -- the I'm sorry indie rock.
Let's not get ahead of ourselves.
So tell us now ten.
In your view what did we learn.
Well frankly going back to that initial period in deliberation.
I think first and foremost we have senior military leaders in the Pentagon did not foresee.
Sodom Hussein so only have a choice and that would be too.
-- his regime and then to come back and -- us use unconventional tactics we never considered that as an option and I think we owed us civilian leaders that.
I believe -- senior leaders sent an -- as part of that.
You know failed them and not respect.
We had a failed military strategy for three years.
We never understood that war despite the fact we have -- -- a ten year -- war in Vietnam that was a major lesson for us and secondly.
I think when we depose -- regime as we did with the Taliban in Afghanistan.
We did just recently with Qaddafi.
We have to bolster the security forces almost immediately to gain control of of the country and then we shall we did not do that.
The so winning the battle militarily was relatively the easy part I mean we all remember the tanks -- surrounding Baghdad while.
Saddam is official spokesman was saying all they're not anywhere close.
That's the easy part it's maintaining order afterwards.
That you say is difficult.
Well yes it was when we didn't anticipate.
That an insurgency would rise the B.
-- -- -- Hussein and and then frankly we have the wrong strategy for three years the wrong military strategy.
The good thing -- -- President Bush have the courage to change that strategy in the face of the failure that we were.
Good that we were facing and in less than two years that's.
Success was turnaround in the sense of there was a 90%.
Reduction in violence which was very significant achievement but at the end of the day I mean a major frustration that would -- him with -- In 2009.
You by our administration came in and change the policy with Iraq they disengage from Iraq.
Kept -- that distance and we found ourselves at the end California love a wanna -- -- agreement the status of forces agreement ended.
We had no forces to stay in the country.
Unlike what we had done in.
Germany Japan and it Lee and career will we kept forces in place post conflict.
To help strengthen and secure.
A government and -- does not take place.
Ambassador -- look let's get your thoughts on that because President Obama has often mentioned in speeches that it was under his administration that the war in Iraq ended.
Well sure you can always win a war by giving up your strategic objectives and by jeopardizing your.
-- were about to do the same thing I'm afraid in Afghanistan.
I think the decision to overthrow Saddam Hussein was essentially.
The correct decision even knowing everything we know now.
I think what happened after the overthrow obviously didn't turn out that way that we expected and I think in part.
Certainly is Jack Keane says it's due to -- -- military strategy but it was also up and correct political strategy on our part.
I don't think we should have created the Coalition Provisional Authority I think we should -- tried to put authority into Iraqi hands sooner.
I'm not being critical of Jerry Bremer who did.
A superb job in difficult circumstances I'm saying it was the overall policy that never got settled correctly and that led in.
Part to establish the conditions under which the insurgency took off but I think it's important understand those who say.
That we're worse off today after overthrowing Saddam Hussein don't understand the threat that he -- don't understand the continuing threat that he -- -- to the oil assets in the region and his.
Full intention to resume his weapons of mass destruction programs and endanger the entire Middle East.
That it's a region with a lot of problem regimes Iran Syria.
And and solving one problem doesn't solve them all as we found out.
And general -- you know the move the sanctions against Iran were pretty much in tatters at the time President Bush took office it's it's quite possible that.
You know had that had that -- not been launch Saddam would still be empowers pumping out oil and and rebuilding -- having rebuilt so long ago his his weapons of mass destruction program.
You know John -- -- right by the way I was vice chief of staff that time.
But the fact of the matter is President Bush's policy change from containment.
Post 9/11 I believe strategically.
Was absolutely the right and so you could not let Sodom Hussein.
Stay in power given the fact that he was a predator on his neighbors.
And that he was known to have had.
Weapons of mass destruction and clearly wanted to have been a nuclear weapons as well we we could not do that in the post 9/11 are.
And I obsolete and convinced President Bush made the right call.
So -- ambassador Bolton a final thought from you on on how has the Iraq experience do you think.
Affected the way this administration the Obama administration approaches the Middle East.
Well I think it's had.
A dramatic effect an entirely negative it's convince the administration it needs to withdraw more quickly from Afghanistan which I.
And very much afraid we'll simply -- it back to the Taliban sooner rather than later.
It's made it unwilling to take the necessary hard decisions to deal with the Ronnie and nuclear weapons program it's made is unwilling to confront the continuing strength of al-Qaeda and other terrorist.
Worldwide I think it's leftists in a very vulnerable position in the region in global and I think it's left our allies Israel and the friendly.
Arab states of the gulf region in grave jeopardy I'm worried that as time goes on here the situation will decline and an even more.
Precipitous rate from our perspective.
Interesting that on this day the tenth anniversary of the beginning of that war the president finds himself in Israel his first visit there as president.
Ambassador Bolton general Jack -- could have your thoughts thank you thank you take.
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