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Another major story we -- developing overseas.
Overnight with the re admission to hospital.
All of the former south African president and -- African icon global icon.
Nelson Mandela back in the hospital.
With some lung issues this time he is of -- nineteenth four years old Nelson Mandela spent some 27 years.
In prisons in South Africa as a result of his fight against the apart tied.
Our regime he was released in 1990 as you well know -- amid scenes of great joy.
Became the president and instead of I think what the great thing about Nelson Mandela and why he became such an icon.
Is instead of seeking revenge against those who had.
Abused him and imprisoned him for those 27 years.
So national reconciliation.
That is not to say of course South Africa doesn't still have major problems Nelson Mandela did not sold the more.
-- flick of his long but he really did -- a great deal to bring.
Into it's feature into its democratic future now he is sick in the hospital we hear that he may be responding positively as his doctors put it.
To treatment -- I want to bring in now while William -- now and -- Vanderbilt University -- about professor thank you so bad much for being here.
Good to be with -- Jonathan from what you know -- -- all but Nelson Mandela's condition -- how serious is it in a man of his age.
Well Jonathan 94 year old man who's had repeated long infections in the past.
It's always sobering.
You know a famous -- of your sir William -- -- once said pneumonia is the old man's friend.
It's the a list that can take you off to the -- not.
And so this is serious I'm sure his doctors are all over this giving him the appropriate antibiotics.
Oxygen supplementation if necessary taking the appropriate X rays and cultures but.
Frail older gentleman.
Having difficulty in clearing their -- -- Torre secretions.
And pneumonia is unfortunately often the consequence and.
And it as we go back over the over the last a couple of -- does.
Nelson Mandela had differences December 2012 was treated for lung infection.
-- had a procedure to remove gallstones.
Hit -- a diagnostic surgery because of what we were told was an abdominal complaint.
And then January 2011.
He was initially diagnosed would this.
Acute risk respiratory.
These are just things that happened when you -- into your nineties I guess doctor.
I'm afraid so but look at his strength his resilience -- capacity to bounce back it really is extraordinary.
He's such an extraordinary man and so many ways our best with their wishes are with him and with his physicians and everyone who's caring for.
This stage doctor -- it though the reality -- this is a case.
All of managing the health all of a very old man rather than curing it -- health problems.
Well he will have an acute infection that they hope indeed to cure.
And then of course they will be interest in doing everything they can't manage this illness this circumstance.
So then you reduce the risk of it happening again.
Which probably is not going to be a 100% but you do your best at every time.
Cure and then prevent future occurrences.
Don't and I just I wonder I know I know this season.
This is not a medical question.
But I'm sure you remember well.
Nelson Mandela's release act and his entire -- Korea.
To what what are your thoughts on the man himself and I -- it -- -- not asking you to get into the politics of a -- -- I think.
But just on -- him as a as an international figure.
He's an icon as you said.
Just an example to all of us have of someone who's trying to.
Differing groups and to go forward in a positive way for his country and he's an example for all of us around the world.
All right doctor William -- and a professor of preventive medicine at Vanderbilt.
Vanderbilt University thank you so much -- real pleasure to see it.
My pleasure also all right we.
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