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And now it's time for somebody house call and joining us is always this morning is doctor -- -- He's vice chairman of the department of urology and chief robotics at the -- some time that -- this morning.
And doctor Marc Siegel is here as well associate professor of medicine at NY use -- -- medical center and author of the inner calls.
Unlocking the secret code of sickness and how.
And we're starting with a really important topic today autism affects so many kids one an 88 that's an amazing statistic.
Compared to just a few years ago people now have a much better understanding of it.
And the Centers for Disease Control is estimating a staggering.
The number I gave you 188 habit so.
Including one -- 54 boys apparently boy's arm more at risk -- doctors somebody what have we learned in the last couple years.
What we've come a long way and we're doing this topic because April is autism awareness month.
Where is starting to think that this.
Autism is not just one single disease.
Because of the fact that they have some communications skills deficiency.
They have social skills that are fairly poor and to have behavioral problems that do repetitive behaviors it's really the combination of many factors so now we have.
Really -- spectrum.
-- this disease and that's why they call them.
Spectrum -- disorder so and that's really important to understand so what we've come a long way because.
There -- diagnosis and high quality intervention is absolutely.
And many cities have shown that it would help and we've seen this in in MRI says it etc.
so their genetic tests is that we find that now.
There -- chromosomal changes fifteen Q there's duplication of chromosome.
-- genetic tests that we now have called CGH.
Test this is an array of tests where -- look at all the genetics and they can distinguish.
Between mental retardation developmental delay and also autism so we've come a long way why is it's important because once we diagnose them early on in the first six months.
There outcome is going to be great are MRI studies coming from neverland has has helped us to find different activities on the brain.
So I think we've come a long way we still have a lot more -- -- will clinical studies what.
Let me ask you doctor Siegel at six months old what kind of testing can you really do.
Well most of the time Jamie the diagnosis is made about eighteen months but recently they've been able to use an MRI a very fine MRI -- start to see changes at six months.
No we don't wanna start giving a diagnosis out too early but let me tell you early intervention is David was saying is enormously important.
Did you know that if you -- -- -- an -- you can -- twenty to 50% of -- back in -- general regular kindergarten.
By the time they're five or six years old.
Other studies just out this year have shown that actually when you intervene this is so exciting when you intervene.
And you teach kids how to play with other kids had a role model.
I had to pick up on social cues.
Bring -- parents bringing therapist it actually changes the way the brain looks.
-- which is a way of telling brain function improves so that kids literally start to recognize.
Visual cues they start to respond to people instead of objects to get more in the game.
And then later on.
There's some question about whether they could actually be cured that way I actually don't think that that's the case I think.
You probably have this diagnosis going forward but you can get so much better whether it but you behaved totally normally.
I have to give a shout out to parents of autistic.
Children and we know it's -- spectrum some have more to deal with than others -- back -- they are so closely involved so engaged with these children.
And sometimes an autistic child won't even give me a -- back.
So there's a stigma to it as well as treatments improve do you think will become more understanding.
We want that is that -- to go away we want as parents who are not in love with the autistic children.
We -- cars are true that you interact better with those children -- -- -- are very Smart kids.
-- have some socialist view that we need to war -- and data interaction is tremendous.
Your point is well taken I think -- -- diagnosed as autistic hit a family.
It involves -- Brothers and the sisters and the entire family and from then on their life has changed so I think.
The critical drugs that we have right now who is one that's actually coming from University of Washington is called charge childhood autism risk for genetic and the environment.
There are a lot of exciting things going on but this.
Disease we will overcome in the future one simple thing to -- -- and there was another big -- this year and pay attention all pregnant women out there if you take a prenatal vitamin that includes full guess it.
Your risk of having an autistic child by -- study goes down by about 40%.
We want our pregnant women to take.
The prenatal vitamins with full of -- it.
Paul guest is involved in brain function and Watson is a neurological disease what's interesting about this also there were questions about if if the -- out there so far there is married and older age is there's some mutation in -- sperm that can be to autism.
There's a there's a lot of theories about genetics about the environment when we're getting there and there's more investment and we this kind of where it is we're gonna get there it's.
Good news varied and help people support it.
That's for sure.
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