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I'm Alexandra did we talked with Peter Singer professor singer but he isn't while lump -- -- -- little trouble.
Getting a hold of them were trying to work it out we hope we do singer was to briefly late Ted talk.
It -- 2013.
About effective altruism.
And how to give.
When he saw a video.
He actually started -- session with a video of a two year old girl in China.
Hit by a -- Then a second man.
And ignored by passers by as she lay dying in an Alley.
And they asked the audience.
Let me ask you this in the meantime -- we try to get.
Professor singer on the phone.
Would you have stopped.
And help this -- The unanimous from new unanimous response there was yes.
And and of course singer believes it every -- that we don't help others it's like leaving this girl crippled in the Alley.
There was a famous and I want to ask you about that would you stop.
To help somebody in need.
If you sense something like this or you just keep walking.
I live in New York City.
Which is notorious.
Four people -- there on business.
In fact is an old New York -- who says.
-- was performed in Central Park the entire audience left.
But -- wanna get involved let me welcome not Peter Singer.
The -- WD can't professor of bioethics university center for human values.
At Princeton University.
Professor singer thanks to god that we got a -- -- -- well lamp or right now I'm glad we could get you.
I've got to have a conference and it's still do that -- -- telephone -- polity issues.
Just talking about your the video you showed -- -- 2013.
Of the two year old girl in China.
With a passers by did nothing I was about to -- a story -- probably heard of in the sixties in New York City.
The murder of a woman named Kitty Genovese who's who's shouts in Queens New York went on unheard -- listened to and responded to.
For a very long period of time and that's everything you were talking about a 102030.
That's -- I was looking about.
-- not -- -- but stranger and you easily and I'm very you know this was not protective.
-- to confront.
Rather than anything -- raised the -- if you mention was really cool people -- -- to do is stick up front in this incident in China people just needed to start a couple of little political.
Lying injured in the right.
With the people and using that example is not so much to participate in particular of these cases depends that it.
Really -- we can -- all the time that is.
And that children to having because they get malaria.
But I could be helped -- -- distributing bed -- if people would.
An idol almost generously to that or their children dying kind of Daria.
-- -- effective organizations that a dealing without giving them safe drinking water.
There are a lot of issues where we're -- time we've done so yet because it's not on the news it's not right in front of us.
But I think the ethical issues this time.
You for example pose the question about you talk about effective altruism.
Where some organizations assist one blind person and developed country the 40000 dollars while others.
Prevent one person going blind for twenty dollars to achieve surgeries -- developing countries.
It is their aim is one a more moral or ethical way to give than the other.
That's -- -- what I'm arguing is that.
Firstly obviously we've reached we should help because we should be altruistic to replace some extent.
And secondly if we're going to do that we wanna get the best value for the money we give -- we want to make it -- far as possible problems many people as possible.
And it's -- we should be looking for the charities.
The most highly effective.
And there are now -- there are ways of of doing that through organizations like do world model and a lot few conservative dot com.
There are organizations that.
Recommending charities that are being thoroughly studied -- -- to be hardly effective.
You wrote something very interesting -- -- in winning your statements that effective dash altruism dot org.
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- So if you can if save somebody -- -- -- -- -- sandwich.
Are you doing as much harm is not saving the person this year now hurting another living life form.
Well that's been at the bottom of that has to be worked I guess I'm not but I would say that it's somebody.
Needs to reach.
You know that certainly that they justified and catching a fish to defeat themselves.
It's a different matters people have.
I hope choices we do in the developed world.
-- choice of things we can meet and we don't.
Need to be exploiting animals and all of its nourish ourselves.
That's that's about the different.
Question but also raises different you know through -- -- We also point out that there are people in other countries who have such a low.
The rate of in become such high poverty.
That their needs are so much greater than almost anybody in this country where there are those who may want to say I wanna help to massively wanna help Americans.
Is that a way to look at it or is it a matter of let me go where the -- is regardless of the country because extreme poverty.
In Third World countries is much worse than it is in the United States.
It's much worse than and that means that Germany has a lot further.
You know we were talking about.
Living alone 3040500.
Dollars a year.
-- -- in the United States the poverty line for families -- around 22000.
So if you think about it you know if you have -- and -- to -- you give it to somebody.
Who's living on 500 fellows that you use double -- incumbent feel this somebody's putting -- pretty 2000 over the years.
It's probably hasn't played a huge difference.
-- the -- -- get enough for giving cash of course but they're doing things like like it possible to educate children.
Possible to have safe drinking water.
Or to get some just very minimal medical care which people often can't get in developing countries so those are all things we can do very cheaply.
-- decided to.
Promote the notion of giving 1% of income would -- to come up with that number and what's the best way to go about doing that.
What facility at a -- and I think it depends how much you I'm just suggesting that that's a way of stopping.
And people who -- more I'm suggesting should should do more.
So the figure is that the -- -- -- -- -- -- so -- -- try to get people into this and I think a lot of people.
Who don't do -- don't.
Can help people who are extremely four elsewhere in the world they need to get status that once it gets out of so they'll get some reinforcement -- over the of people on.
And it will grow.
For the best for the step -- that well I have its web site for all the logic inside its what concerns over the -- if you.
And it asks people to pledged to give -- suggests.
Some highly effective organizations.
That you can -- to I'm not asking anybody to give money to our organization to -- give directly to those organizations would -- We have checked in -- believed to be -- effective.
By the way number his clients aren't.
Not so so I was gonna that's what other people do that but we'll move do you have on the -- make that commitment on the but we'll see.
Themselves as I've actually living about a -- because of that that because they're contributing general fund of -- fulfilling and rewarding thing to do.
-- studies have shown that those who do give feel better about themselves -- good -- -- self esteem sense of self worth and all kinds of even selfish reasons to give.
The other side I think we know we'd like to have some Iranian allies we we like to get beyond just thinking well.
I'm having a good time on there on this.
And that lots of studies show that the people's self esteem has boosted the that's an important factor in them.
Feeling good about themselves about their lives and may be improving their relations -- people's well.
Professing to give -- a web -- one more time.
All right sir thank you so much for your time tonight appreciate very much like it all right sir thank that is -- Peter Singer who is the -- the W -- a professor of bioethics at.
Who gave it to -- -- tennis really fascinating to me what would you do.
-- -- -- And they say no good deed goes unpunished but it ever stopped to help someone in the street decently for stranger.
Would you walk by.
As those people did in China two year old girl hit by a man.
Quote you've done if you heard the screams of the Kitty Genovese you've done 911 -- nobody did.
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