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Anyway we -- -- all of us out of our own border right now out of Mexico I've got.
-- I've been trying to get on the show for a long time -- name is Shannon -- she's from the council on foreign relations she's -- repentance leading experts on Mexico.
And she's written a great book called nations indivisible.
You know whenever things don't look now -- -- the United States major foreign policy -- major trading partners one of our nature.
Security issues as well affect and a vicious guard or will be about Mexico so tell -- about the pressure back in a nutshell what the elevated tests.
-- -- -- -- nutshell is this is that one Mexico has transformed the last thirty years.
It's gone from a very closed economy to one of the most open in the world and -- United States it's -- a country known for one party rule to a democracy.
It's gone from a place of have and have -- a very rich and very port 21 with a thriving middle class.
But it's also one that's gone from -- let's take place to a very dangerous place particularly -- and so all of that is important to understand because also during this time.
Mexico is more closely linked United States than ever before.
OK now when you talk about Mexico's have made all these changes why wouldn't they have there been any economic.
Advantage is that they've had obviously energy but what does that allow them to do they go on beyond being just for the petrol expert something.
And with -- that Mexicans you've seen in the last two or three decades it's gone from.
A commodities an agricultural based economy so one really given by oil.
21 that is now one of the most open in the world.
But dominated by manufactured goods over 75% what -- exports are manufactured goods is no longer oil that dominates.
So it's really transformed its economy and part of that is linking to the United States so.
They're manufacturing sector is very closely linked are manufactured.
Everybody talks about Mexico talks about the border and talks about immigration they seem to be.
At a Robin is there any good solution from a Mexican perspective of how we -- The border issues.
No we talk a lot about immigration because Mexicans are lives in in group a third of all immigrants here from Mexico about eleven million people here.
-- only think about how to improve border security in part it comes down to fixing our immigration laws because right now if -- Mexican -- -- close family here.
It will take you hear sometimes over a decade to -- come in legally -- -- states you're thinking about breaking up families far.
Almost a decade if you want them to come legally.
If you don't have close family members for many Mexicans there's no lying to get into.
There's no way to come here legally though if you do come very likely can find a job here so if we can change immigration laws.
In May get a read a lot of time for people to come -- give them a line to join to come here legally and we'll also be helping border security without upping the manpower.
Well I was -- Your -- I was struck right in the argument about Mexico's going to be -- and it is that is going to be even -- on energy superpower.
And the idea that the United States Canada Mexico present this block.
That really isn't nowhere else in the world event of a major energy nexus not only -- self sufficient energy but energy X.
-- -- -- -- We've seen as big revolution here in the United States that shale gas and oil and on that.
Nextel have a lot of this potential to you but the one -- -- parents are Mexico's laws regarding whale.
All of it is controlled by state and enterprise back Pemex which is a state known company.
And right now this government is working hard are going to propose a big reform energy.
The big question when it can get through the congress this is one of -- third rail of politics can't think about -- state energy from Mexico and opening up that sector.
Is one of their challenges.
But if they can they can allow foreign direct investment and if they can allow other expertise -- -- the world particularly for things like deep water drilling -- shale oil and gas.
He could see an explosion of energy -- -- be good for Mexico but I think that states and Canada.
Because as you say we have this North American platform that can be pretty self sufficient.
Politically Mexico just got a new president and the scale is you said he threw one party rule.
And then for a period of about ten years -- was -- second verdict came announces -- guys back again you know he's so.
What and where -- they politically -- that is stable country.
And the political -- -- we know that there's a lot of time have a sense that there.
No it is quite stable you look in Mexico and now most everyone agrees it's free and fair election the government able to.
No build roads and collect taxes and run schools and all sorts of things governments need to do.
But one big challenge they haven't particularly some areas of Mexico along the border Rampage and a few other states.
It really the problem of safety and security and that is that's been a big challenge for the previous government in his -- be fundamental challenge for this government.
And it and that's why the -- with reference.
-- -- -- but it's really become more organized crime more broadly.
So it's not just the drugs coming north but it's things like extortion and kidnapping and car robberies and other types of -- all of this is happening.
And how does the government get home.
You know -- -- -- while this is spreading in my view is that Mexico well it's had a competitive democracy.
It has yet to establish a real fundamental rule of law.
So elections and change the executive branch the presidency -- -- -- legislative branch of congress but they don't change the judicial branch they don't build up a court system that works -- law enforcement in general of them works.
And that is what Mexico needs to take on what this new president needs to take on is pushing forward some reforms that -- in the last president.
But pushing forward to really establish a court system that works police forces network if they do.
They can take on drug traffickers they can take and other criminals if they down then this will.
You bring down Mexico's democracy in its economy and the like.
Okay about Mexico Netherlands as you did great options -- and a is that a lot like everything gets their act together right into political government together -- thank you so much for coming to see -- Shannon O'Neil.
Two nations indivisible we're showing them that covered the book right now and everybody should run right out food and -- -- -- ever found because I got a second city thievery.
Thank you so much -- -- -- much for coming.
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