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And thousands of people are in Gettysburg Pennsylvania this week to commemorate what has been called the turning point.
Of America's deadliest war.
Chief Washington correspondent James Rosen is in Gettysburg tonight.
Gettysburg is -- greatest battle in American history in their ranks right up there.
Wins the battle of Yorktown which concern dependence.
And the battle of.
Gettysburg is on one hand a heroic inspirational moment on the other hand.
It is a reminder of the failure of democratic institutions to resolve things and a peaceful manner.
A century and a half after the guns and cannons here fell silent.
Gettysburg remains a monument to the American fighting -- valor bravery and nearly limitless capacity for sacrifice but also a testament to the grim consequences.
Of the war between the states.
The four year struggle over slavery that pitted north against south.
Brother against brother.
Soldiers union and confederate descended on the small town of Gettysburg in late June 1863.
Confederate general Robert.
72 hours before the battle began Lincoln sacked his gun shy commander general Joseph hooker.
And replaced him with George Gordon -- -- -- -- decided to invade the north at Pennsylvania a bold gambit designed to bring the war to a swift and sudden and after two years of fighting on southern soil.
Historian Brooks Simpson is the author of Gettysburg 1863.
The morning of July 1 confederate infantry marching along that's right and encountered Don Buford calculus two brigades spread out over the by the initial engagement occurs.
Day one ended with the -- -- being driven -- -- historians still debate whether southern commander Richard you'll could have chased the Yankees farther and destroyed the northern army of the Potomac once and parole.
But on day -- the union stave off further loss of territory with ferocious fighting to the northeast -- -- -- And the -- siege at the devil's den and little round top to the southwest.
-- to -- my second is the bloodiest day in the battle.
And this time Robert relief -- -- -- Potomac and George please visit different kind of animal from the army he's been fighting and beating pretty -- Day three witnessed the high tide of the confederacy as the rebels penetrated their farthest into northern territory but the union held -- cemetery ridge and other scenes of unimaginable carnage.
Prompting southern general George Pickett to lead nearly thirteen thousand rebels on one final doomed thrust -- a mile long assault known.
As Pickett's charge.
For those confederate -- break the union position break right here.
Hey -- come through here but -- reinforcements.
Come on the scene and the confederate -- Are driven away from July 1 of the -- 1863.
Nearly 8000 men were killed with another 43000.
Wounded captured -- gone missing.
The fighting would continue another -- one months.
-- the south would never again pose the same threat.
And that November Lincoln would visit Gettysburg to honor the fallen with a 272.
Word address that became America's finest oration.
The legacy of Gettysburg with its unique reflection of the best and worst in the American character remains no less instructive and then in 1938.
Peace memorial commemorates the 75 anniversary of get a -- my brother's -- When elderly veterans reunited for the battles 75 anniversary.
By all the standards of today civil war is not an information age event but if you think about it it really was people waited anxiously.
For the latest news coming over the web -- telegraph wires it's really part of the DNA of America -- it's embedded really in our story hit it it is in many ways the story of America.
In Gettysburg Pennsylvania James Rosen Fox News.
The -- reporting there all week from -- so to Twitter what lessons have we learn from Gettysburg send them to me on Twitter you can.
Tweet me at -- there.
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