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War stories investigate the disaster -- And -- -- -- eight hours of battle a thousand.
The person -- looks more.
Shell landed commitment corporal we're -- -- cut in half and -- 3000 wounded or captured.
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- With -- when we're -- that's next on war stories that investigates.
Winston Churchill once that war is mainly a catalog of blunders.
That was certainly true that disaster it yet.
I'm Oliver North this is -- war stories.
This summer of 1942.
Adolph Hitler had most of continental Europe and is iron fist was threatening to annihilate Russian.
America's struggling to fight -- two front war the British were desperate to keep the Soviets from collapse the answer.
And vicious strike against the Germans in occupied France.
It all went terribly wrong in just eight hours on 19 August over a thousand allied troops most of them Canadians.
Were killed and some 3000.
We're missing you -- after.
And -- fact England alive.
Activists say that the F rate remains shrouded in controversy.
Veterans and historians like continued to debate and don't -- that that's why was it ever mounted.
Was that the political game sacrificed mission will -- Joseph's -- More stories tracked down some of those who survive.
Who's to blame for the disaster -- yet.
Gary got that if I avoided.
A lot of -- that we're right guy.
When you see guys -- did.
You probably you know some problems through those massacre.
Because of absolute pleasure -- On September 19.
It all -- -- -- -- Poland had a holds the world into war.
Two days later the British declared war on not perfect for America was pledge to neutrality our northern neighbors joined the fight against it.
Back -- nineteen taking and there is huge and defense that we had our own prime minister that we belong to a common amounts.
Which included -- Australians and South Africa and yet.
Canadian -- Whitaker and her late husband brigadeer general Dennis Whitaker and -- tragedy to triumph.
During their quest to set the record straight to -- -- veteran and his journalist why on earth never before seen documents.
We didn't there was ascendant -- and -- and -- just you know I think that Arafat -- he remembered.
Hitler invading Poland and the beginning of World War II yes I sure do.
Canadian -- scarf was a seventeen year old high school student in wins a stone's throw across the river from Detroit.
He skipped school to join the illustrious Essex Scottish regiment.
And didn't tell his parents.
And occasionally was asked the question of homework to do and soon -- at school.
After I had been doing this -- can -- my father confronted me and he said.
Are you in the -- it.
And I said I can't -- to you I am in here because I want to go pick your mr.
The history of the Scottish and -- Which it was always back to before the American revolution.
Well yes and addressed in the morning with the hills perched there at the Hilton nobody told me what to do ahead not back.
200 miles east and Hamilton 41 year old Frank -- was eager to help topple the Nazi regime.
One of four boys and a German immigrant family who worked at a steel company and played tennis in his spare time you're gone through Catholic high school.
Yeah and I'm 39.
That's the medical centers and and their regiment is.
The royal Hamilton light infantry you know I really didn't know too much about the but I didn't want it -- and fighting unit.
Jack Kimberly ended up -- the royal Hamilton -- infantry along with frank pulled him.
41 year old from Alberta survived the Great Depression we're working as a cowboys lumberjacks and hard rock -- I want to get into more muted of a fight -- -- Germany takes over.
I believe there -- 20000 such enlisted in the first we could -- The Canadian -- men never Farmers Insurance salesmen they're all volunteers.
As simple as where -- blasted through Europe the Japanese -- Rampage across the Far East.
Meanwhile America watched and waited I -- -- That situation you're Reagan and even though there's a problem -- accurate and definitely.
Going to be people that run them over get.
I thought -- that's very closely.
With the troubled times.
22 year old American -- -- worth edited Billick childhood and suburb of Chicago.
Some of the public transportation employee he was and still -- a history buff and avid reader.
They thought that our Arab geographical situation effectively reduce or what about the we invite anybody we have to ocean between Russia Japan and -- -- Germany September 1 in -- -- What do you do a ticket but the candidate.
Like Chicago and Detroit.
-- dramatic structure from Windsor Ontario but -- why.
I was young I had such an adventure that they'll have.
I was a patriot but -- -- and I love this country and so -- to volunteer to serve in the Canadian military.
-- is a violation of US neutrality well and my citizenship.
I swearing allegiance to the crowned -- worked effectively forfeited his American citizenship.
He was assigned to the Essex Scottish regiment -- would -- -- hopeful -- scar.
Whatever the director maybe that we're both softball pitchers 20%.
Burn unit -- American.
These young and eager volunteers had no idea just how bad things would get.
-- -- onslaught in the -- courses the allies will evacuate from the coastal town of Dunkirk just sixty miles remained.
-- -- over 300000 men don't -- for the last all of their equipment.
Was a major blow to the British and their charismatic new leader Winston Churchill.
It's just been in good standing alone.
I mean it looked like the Germans could invaded anytime you.
And it was about to get worse.
The royal air -- barely survived the carnage inflicted by the German Luftwaffe.
During the three months long battle of Britain RAF plus 300 planes -- over -- 140 violence dead or missing.
Now the area's biggest -- replacement pilots killed in action.
Have you heard anything about the British recruiting Americans to come platform.
Word went around that they were recruiting at a hotel there and -- -- one year old San Francisco native James ray was still in college when he heard about the clandestine recruitment drive.
I had 100 hours at that time we said.
He had not done amount of time you would take it and so -- signed up.
-- -- June 19416000.
Miles east of California that -- launches operation Barbara Rose.
Unleashing some three million troops against the Soviet Union.
Those -- -- and immediately begged for help.
He needed to take the heat -- and so he put a lot of pressure on -- Too -- them -- this second front or.
He says he might to sue for peace with it back and that we can and the United Kingdom.
What's that -- strategic threat pay off.
That's next on war stories investigate.
Was Stalin's red army -- in vicious battle against it was very much.
The empire of Japan and strikes at Pearl Harbor.
America was now at war.
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- Frank Alderman and Jack Kimberly that arrived in England with a second Canadian infantry division.
We were -- don't -- To defend the south coast against the possible envision but it turned their commander was fifteen year old major general John -- Roberts.
A native of Manitoba and veteran of the great war you valued physical prowess and pushed his men to the extreme.
Pray tell me about the training that you all went through between forty and 42 that was based on vehicles seems.
We would compete against it's cool allies and the -- -- and war games.
I consider the beginning of 1942.
At the -- of World War II.
Everything was going in favor of the axis powers.
The Germans had -- -- beat -- conduct in the Far East.
Japanese -- the Philippine.
-- -- Brother Bob Black from Carlisle Pennsylvania served in the Korean and Vietnam -- -- as the US army ranger this fascination with a -- force.
Has yielded six books imploding.
Rangers in World War II.
There would -- you wouldn't cross.
In the general public that we talked to help rocket hit with the -- take.
They wanted action from their political leader and that's life commando raids kept growing and thought.
Tell me about the formation of the British command -- Winston Churchill wanted to take.
Aggressive action after the withdrawal from Dunkirk -- he called for a policy that he called butcher and -- Beta code which are the enemy and that you pull back to your homeland.
The now legendary British commandos were as tough as nails and known for their bravery and -- The -- -- only -- -- that great uncle to Britain's Prince Charles in March according to.
Churchill picked this love 41 year old ladies man to lead combined operations.
And gave him responsibility for coordinating British air land and sea forces.
And I think that label.
But he didn't know combined operations.
He went through ethically -- it to familiarize themselves there aren't any became very much.
Enamored with the one with these great.
And at least confront the Soviets faced imminent defeat Stalin was desperate.
He needed some action in the west and he decided that should be something the second front which is an invasion on track.
-- some western Kent and so he put a lot of pressure on -- Two the amount the second -- in nineteen him or he says he might to sue for peace with it but.
Churchill then received this letter from president Roosevelt I am becoming more and more interest in the establishment of a new front this summer.
Even though losses will doubtless be great such losses will be compensated.
By compelling Germans to divert large -- from Russian thoughts.
It was great pressure from president we had to let the American people that the Americans were doing something well.
This amendment we will have going on.
I'll take -- there.
FDR's in his confidant Harry Hopkins army chief of staff general George Marshall to London to personally nudged the British prime minister.
The heat was on Churchill.
Open the second round.
While in London Marshall also met with -- -- baton to discuss the possibility of including an American you with a British commandos.
At first ranger attack.
How -- that it's her.
It started really what they had desire to get -- crew involved early and the idea was to get volunteers.
And trained and -- the British commander.
And allowed them to participate in me.
They wanted volunteers.
To form -- new ranger battalion.
Minnesota native Donald Frederick was in Belfast Ireland with a 34 infantry division when he heeded the call.
The nineteen year old was one of 500 to volunteer for duty with the new first ranger battalion.
Relationship it's up to Scotland to commando -- -- -- -- -- And these were experienced British millionaire -- on a few commander Rachel and on the coast that are of French.
Also in Norway and they were very good man.
-- -- -- -- -- what kind of weapons -- -- we were very lightly armed.
We were issued and one -- with a -- They're training was realistic combat training when they were doing that he landed British footballer glad it is -- Pavel.
They -- -- -- with a bullet when they went about.
Surrounded by afraid of what I clips -- was described as an amphitheater of death.
Why was chosen for a -- find out next on war stories investigates.
Despite his initial reluctance -- gone too intense pressure from Roosevelt -- and open a second front in Western Europe.
With help from British general Bernard Montgomery lord Mountbatten devise the plan -- the super race.
-- A beach resort on the French Atlantic coast DF was a popular hot spot for British tourists known for its seafood in casinos.
It would proved to be sheer hell Vermont mountains raiders.
Dennis and -- found in the previous archives.
Evidence that they raid on -- has been planned by march of 1942.
But it -- to be commended tight race a 500 men doing a little bit of damage and then get up on the -- But things -- they numbers and pass down.
So instead of 500 men to fat -- Describe to yet and why it's chosen as an objective for -- -- The app is only 67 miles Crosby and travel from new it.
This made it within range of fighter that they want capture report and see -- ticket holders were reasonable amount.
They did some air reconnaissance.
-- asking for him holidays.
And yet to -- photos so my and then canceling -- if they had better.
Intelligent -- retaliation.
They would hear that he is all rocket at a greater chance at being at what are -- -- play.
Yeah it was very caught short because first we'll -- -- on that -- that the -- Which is known as the iron coat.
300 foot high clip I think of it at that you know the theater yet.
It looked somewhat like an old Roman theater with the -- but I think up higher came out like this effort.
Down here -- the stage with the people were coming fuel to the British know that the Germans have.
Point five divisions on the western front the -- -- -- they didn't really think that the opposite was going to be that period.
The second Canadian divisions commanding general Pam Roberts inherited the plan for -- baton and Montgomery in May of 42.
If the initial briefing general Robertson has the -- -- model.
Little battlefield and so on says don't worry boys didn't -- a piece of -- The original plan was code named operation -- following heavy bombardment by the royal navy.
The raiders -- storm ashore brass the enemy Cesar objectives and hold the -- for several hours before withdrawing.
Let's take cafeteria operation as being too however like.
-- -- -- And then brought.
To our clients are German artillery positions the one on each side will be taken out like never -- command.
-- -- -- -- And there will be forty appear to bring but the bigger question plant that will be -- -- permanent.
Underwrote more club and he's gonna have four brings with him and then into the interview -- there are two Canadian forces going to sort.
And then in the senate against Canadians -- here.
Meanwhile the REF would -- the Luftwaffe.
Into the air and engaged.
Perfect day with a blended plus and and back -- -- Scarf pulled over and Kimberly and -- we're joined the commandos in US Rangers were assault training on the isle of white.
Off the coast and southern England.
We found out and satellite it was a pretty curious Trenton.
Jack why we're the Canadians chosen to go on this rate were available.
After spending two years in England.
With nothing -- training and wrote marches in training and training -- we get very very proud.
We are getting in fights with civilians and or morale and we are ready Canadians were.
Sitting around 5000 Canadians.
-- thousand British commandos.
In fifty American Rangers were -- it.
God how did they selected fifty guys out of the 500 they picked up but and pull out of each company.
Don Frederick was not among the fifty -- chosen -- -- -- all in excellent condition.
Of these races ago we were drawing board -- about to -- it is.
That make it did not hit the water -- rough.
Then they send one back the name.
I think by that Canadian -- 150 alternating them review what we've done and they're -- -- talent that we don't put video up and big rate -- that are there.
Security was that at the now -- just.
That security breaches and British pubs compromise the mission.
That's coming up as war stories investigates.
The disaster at -- July 1942.
-- his hopes for a second fluttered dashed when Hollywood is -- -- baton to cancel operational water.
The first attempt -- parade and yet.
I thought Montgomery.
If it did this operation did they -- just too many people who know now.
Fit that's precisely why we need to go back there because they never expected to come back this place.
-- -- -- -- -- Be dumb enough stupid -- -- -- he just.
Picked up the old brother gave it a new names -- that he put it under very secret country and we amounted to it for August.
The navy shot down the request for -- which of course is essential for naval gunfire and I don't.
Meanwhile troops to a well deserved to lows in London there's signs all of the places there's walls have ears -- Involved and make from the military and I'm sure some of these guys told stories of the group friends that we were supposed to go to India couples like the -- -- There were on the right reports from -- And the lady in my outlook.
For instance -- said.
The collective yes on.
About the -- You know I knew right then that this wasn't good situation we -- -- 19 August 19426000.
Raiders are aboard an armada of over 200 ships headed for -- The British commandos are slated to -- first to take up to six extra batteries zeroed in on that -- yeah.
When those 347 just eight miles off the French coast.
A ship carrying members of numbers -- commando was engaged led German convoy back.
They immediately opened part.
They -- -- the landing craft and they got those very.
Only fifth vote.
-- to -- -- was commending them.
Say that trend that's what can I do with eighteen men but he's this month as we said we do it was going to do it and they got up to the -- Can -- plan.
But as soon as they went up over the they work.
That's cut pieces British captain was shot down an American lieutenant Edward -- a lot of command.
And he went from Hammond Louisiana and -- -- he was out of the company's approach brings with him.
Thoughtful and we'll go.
-- -- -- much needed followers.
Good for him and a boost to block a cut in half.
Crossfire and come back -- -- a lot became the first American to be killed in action in Europe.
Over the other -- number -- that things went.
Just -- it felt it got.
Several Americans what what is sort of thing you've actually shot they've built Roberts from that -- good -- to -- -- to a member of the American rifle team.
And -- -- those terrible market they piled theme that was with corporal who leads that are working their way inland and they come under fire German.
Corporal -- just who's also made American history that day.
He put on the first come told her we'll work that battery looked completely -- -- And that's why of the numbers work.
-- -- Until 540 the Canadian score before to a -- of enemy fire.
The German -- and second infantry division at the landing beaches in their sites.
As part of the main assault force medic right Olbermann.
Jack Kimberly and the rest of the royal Hamilton laid infantry were among the first Canadians to set foot on -- -- -- We didn't give -- naval.
Gunfire until after we landed.
We're getting shelled by our own maybe -- shelled by the.
The first one -- was -- -- -- community has dragged in the stretch and make it can't program.
-- dive down on the side duke Kennedy the shell landed -- beside him.
Killed them and -- -- back there so originally it was -- Shrapnel in my neck.
Overall red beach CSX Scottish regiment battle scars and -- -- we'll also hanging on for dear life I'm terrified.
And I hit.
And that the right guy but that wasn't scared until after he left little trap things you guys aren't -- Let's follow another -- and -- the situation didn't improve in the Churchill tanks finally hit the beach.
They were bogged down on the stereo -- -- got -- -- and it felt that thanks landed after the infant who's.
Searchers grew up with real.
Playing with the RF 71 eagle squadron American pilot James Gray had scrambled -- that fire.
How many times did you launched him.
Clients and it was more squadron operations.
I got into tool I -- yet there for the I'm here without them overhead they definitely are apple -- went through it.
There were a 113 British but -- pilot was killed that day it was the thickest Arafat from the -- Meanwhile a few miles offshore aboard its flagship general Roberts was desperate for information.
-- -- -- -- not -- regions.
-- good friend of mine took a group of guys and got into the town.
And then a message was sent back stating that there was a small business federation -- and fragments.
I have a sentence would get over the graphics.
And that's going out and it was interpreted.
By the general that the entire -- Scottish prison he's in town so he intern then ordered PGA Mario plus oil.
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Flooding a grounded tank landing craft but it Fred Goldman saw a chance to evacuate his fallen comrades.
-- -- don't let that.
-- I commandeered this and I got to -- stretch of donors.
-- were carried the wounded he was one of the lucky few who made it back to England that -- At thirteen hundred after a horrific eight hours on the beach -- Roberts issued the order to withdraw.
But for most there was no way out no votes take -- they -- over the longer.
What is the first German -- actually seen the guy that came down on the beach this.
Weapon and then he told us to put our hands on top of current.
It hurt yourself and we walked for about 1213.
Unlike -- worth and scarf Kimberly survived tonight by hiding in the fisherman's.
But and I rumors -- -- sound.
-- I heard this voice.
Your house rolls.
Wheeler up I'll swear I would -- differently -- -- -- errors and German soldiers and veterans rifle pointed us.
-- through the wars -- over.
Prices for me the world we just don't.
A hundred mile force marching bitter cold while being scraped by allied and German fighters how the POWs survive.
That's next on war stories investigates.
The -- NDF was by all accounts a catastrophe.
But the world wouldn't find out until much later.
Of the 6000 strong landing force only 2000 made it back to England alive.
After just eight hours of battle over a thousand -- dead.
Some 3000 wounded or captured.
Aren't perfect -- -- put fifty to 60% of north we did however -- and elected.
We stood up for four days -- -- everybody up -- and eight delegate Betty.
Jack Kimball then -- -- and Harold scarf joint 101000 other allied POWs that they can't -- western -- Thirteen months of almost three years of being POWs were spent with shackles but she needs my roots and why did the change they.
Found orders and one of the -- officers.
That stated that the hands of German prisoners will be tied.
To avoid us.
Excluding any documents that -- have as a tactical about to change anything that had.
And -- eventually became if you look somebody learn how to use that he's from society and the Red Cross -- to open.
It was enough to have it.
So and I would get together without the main gate to behave around.
And I picked -- fish anyway on the potatoes whichever that old beat Steve these potatoes and then we go into the very compressors that he -- there it is well.
We sold for cigarettes.
Defeated in the battle of the bulge Hitler became increasingly erratic as the Soviet army closed in from the east.
To prevent the allied POWs from being liberated the Germans constantly move them.
They put us in columns of roughly 250 man and then the death march began.
I marched all the way across all of only across Germany and he flipped it back everyday that we are bitterly about the united.
It why should -- -- recognized if you fielder straight.
-- -- -- a number of times.
On that march because they didn't.
You haven't had orders to kill anything that moves you compared it to pretend that march and not real and almost 300 much.
And some guys if they didn't make it they just let him go side of the road and boom and only those who managed to escape avoided the horror of this long march.
We're whoever threatened with being shoppers.
Know the -- sort of strange people -- -- restructure if you do a good job Kimberly is credited with multiple attempts before it was a charm.
By bribing a French truck driver with 300 cigarettes he made it out of the camp but then.
Face to face -- please.
-- listener since childhood who says I'm a -- -- didn't work and permanent and always so that's a good man come to help armament systems yes.
I come away with not one.
At a German brothel in at a Swedish sailor who hit -- -- ship's water tank.
After a harrowing journey Kimberly arrived in neutral Sweden and boarded a flight back to freedom.
Check your left England.
The eighteenth of August 19 wouldn't know what did you get back.
Towards -- some kind of important work.
Good rejoice to know the inside of the things they want me to teach your statement invasion.
Where are you when your finally.
-- the third 1945.
We get up in the morning from these -- Where we slept overnight and and we could hear rumblings in the distance -- in Africa the America's seventh armored division but -- abstract.
Sort of -- destructive you know and Larry calling Americans told us you -- -- Was prince charles' great uncle to blame for the disaster -- -- Find out next on war stories investigates.
To this day the blame for that the upgrade is still shrouded in mystery.
We'll get color of -- to me raiders.
And darkness here we have broad daylight just -- that every piece of paper -- And putting -- -- that we want their name here show him.
Who is ultimately held column I think about it takes to have hit.
Because most people would agree that he was the one who determined the operation.
And horrible I read mount but was very touchy about that throughout your flight and then -- -- Never affected that violence in -- kitchens cookbooks.
-- pin today on the Canadian general -- Roberts before the disaster had pulled the raid.
A piece of -- In this Houston's scapegoat.
And then his -- went down to that every year on the nineteenth of August -- received in the mail from her -- with a piece of cake can.
He didn't -- it.
Churchill and his biographer both deny that -- news specifically.
About jubilee -- Who knows her -- -- at Churchill.
Question now about this now that came back and pointed to a particular -- program that Churchill was supposed to.
But I don't think that there is any truth is that fact that Churchill did he had her killed in my estimation had made -- -- -- his prayer here boy.
And had almost given him carte Blanche.
It's quite likely that power bat he felt he had the authority.
So I think that -- really what the man that made the decision.
It doesn't in his book to consider that the -- OK without permission.
Churchill and -- the stats anywhere.
Always combating this -- was about tennis less.
-- Secretary's thinking and Jacob has been stripped.
In Moscow with down the day but to upgrade.
And -- discuss debate with so we knew for a fact that you know about.
As you look back through the German -- and he tipped off that the coming -- there's been a lot of controversy about it but it is likely that the Germans did not yet.
That yeah Canadians were attacked it yep and I have -- to Germany after action.
My husband spoke to examine India and the chairman said we have been waiting for -- week.
And so Dennis.
-- security was.
Was -- But in fact when you -- stand we found chairman papers documents that said they were on alert at every town -- of these events.
And it was a routine and it.
Rather than specific to -- yet the biggest evidence that the Germans didn't know was that the left laughter.
Have you given him stand out.
With the Canadians sacrificial lambs I think so for years and editors being men who -- And -- because they felt like times.
Change is so different two -- three years in that -- it's just two minutes and Landmine in the slammer but we've also interviewed a lot.
We're not that my husband lost almost all of this friend.
He would be entitled -- finished.
And he wasn't.
What did go wrong.
We're planning it was a political move to a piece -- Even if it had done right so it was preparation -- -- I think that the mistakes made.
And Padilla really definitely helped -- -- successes and every coming -- her.
Rocked the community.
All of them say this what a great help that plan and repeat it.
But from there -- -- break down.
What hell what.
The area and who continue to get support -- all the way through so that -- the men get on the beach and get yourself.
They've begun to collect another big factor and then to have -- teasing and the DD tanks swing and which what it proved to take some -- and swim.
There was no mobility in the do you -- it was like a huge -- -- -- one piece came out.
The whole thing perhaps because everything's predicated.
On the next and one before you went after -- indeed did have a lot of mobility.
Flexibility plants could change and adapt to this.
To the situation -- moment.
Well we see that we didn't have -- -- Well we didn't have -- here on board.
It doesn't take -- experience gal to recognize that you're not gonna make.
Successfully amphibious -- unless you have control C in control of the the error -- landing heavily dependent.
It was not to scientific.
It was designed to succeed it less intensity and -- us us.
But it was a time when them guys we think it's safe to do today.
Bob why is -- -- Important in American history because it was America's hurt.
True entry into the ground.
War in Europe the opportunity for Americans to participate.
Had a tremendous impact.
On American morale and -- -- Stay tuned for more war stories investigates the disaster at -- After the war lord we month that.
-- that the battle of Normandy.
Was one on the -- -- via.
Perhaps but as you've seen tonight the -- legacy is still hotly disputed we may never know what really happened.
Winston Churchill said of those who lost in the raid honor to the Braves who fell their sacrifice.
Was not -- For those who paid the ultimate price and those who survived the disastrous yet.
Theirs is a war story that deserves to be told.
I'm Oliver North.
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