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Try to imagine what that's like to live in a place between five years and they get to the point where you just feel you've got to get out because -- like all of you.
And we are watching this nuclear reactor.
And hoping for the best but have to consider.
What would happen if the worst takes place.
I -- to people living near that nuclear plant what what -- what are the threats of radiation exposure to that.
How are they supposed to react.
If they do get exposed and we're talking about exposure levels -- radiation levels higher seven times higher in Tokyo which is a 170 miles away.
For best actor Richard first shine.
-- -- the medical director of the first -- center for comprehensive medicine in New York conducting know a thing or two about radiation exposure.
If you think about when you go to the doctor's office and they're giving you.
Dental X rays and they're all -- up because the -- you know the dentist doesn't wanna get any sort of radiation exposure.
-- and then you think about these four folks in Japan in scanning these babies any animals who lived right by that nuclear plant put it in perspective for -- how much danger they need -- and.
Your example when you go for an X ray you're getting the equivalent of point one receiver that's the unit of measurement that we used to detect radiation.
He hit point one really -- In the plant itself they detected levels of 400.
No receivers that's 4000.
Times what you receive for a single -- So these are very very significant levels -- during Chernobyl when they evacuated people from around Chernobyl.
The levels exceeded about 350.
Million -- -- so.
This is a very serious issue it's contained but they are detecting significant amounts of radiation.
Outside of that plant what does -- -- do inside of your body to -- in changing it make you sick.
What radiation works by a damaging directly damaging -- -- -- goes right to the DNA and literally can slice them.
And the more radiation you experience the more you're exposed to the more damage.
Two years sells you receive and that's why it's such a difficult problem when why it increases the risk of cancer.
How then does this you know we've seen them you know hosing people down I mean how how does that help if you if -- DNA is being sliced in in two.
How is hosing -- down helping.
Well there are two types of radiation there is one that is caused by iodine 131 that's a very heavy.
Form of radioactive material is actually heavier than air so it sinks to the ground.
The other is cesium 137 that can be inhaled so we try and do his hose people down get that.
Radiation radiation off of them.
So that it doesn't penetrate their body and it doesn't cause that long lasting damage -- iodine pills that they've been -- -- the iodine pills just works to protect your thyroid that's the most.
The organ that's most no -- that's most sensitive to radiation.
And can be most immediately affected by radiation poisoning but it does not protect the rest of your body.
What about these folks -- -- were -- around the -- obviously they've been evacuated those homes but only within a couple of miles -- even the folks in Tokyo.
Who are 170 miles away but there are increased levels of radiation here now how concerned should they be well.
Anyone is exposed to radiation will be at increased risk for cancer -- -- they -- -- -- there is a a way that we determine those risks based on what we've experienced in the medical arena.
For instance of someone's exposed to a cumulative dose of 5000.
-- receivers they have a 50% chance of dying within a month.
If someone has a 400 -- equivalent.
Those risks drop down to about 5% within a lifetime.
And the doctors can tell I'm -- we see these heartbreaking pictures of these little kids getting tested.
You know they they can tell how much these children if any have been exposed to and can they do something to prevent them from winding up with cancer.
There is ongoing research in this area -- particularly because.
Radiation causes free radical damage and that free radical damage can sometimes be mopped up using specific.
Supplements but this is very very early research so we don't have all the information just yet.
-- you just got to pray that it's minimal.
And those children getting the right results back after after they submit to those tests doctor thank you so much your expertise thank you minutes.
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