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I want to thank.
Senator Bill Nelson.
And NASA administrator Charlie -- further extraordinary leadership.
I want to recognize.
Doctor Buzz Aldrin as well who's in the house.
For decades -- -- became a legend.
But in the four decades -- he's also.
-- one America's leading visionaries and authorities on human space flight.
A few people.
Present company excluded complain the expertise of buzz and bill and Charlie when it comes to space exploration I have to say that.
Few people aren't singularly unimpressed by Air Force One as those -- -- Sure it's comfortable but.
It can't even reach lower -- And that obviously very striking contrast to the falcon nine rocket we just saw on the launch pad which will be tested for the very first time in the coming weeks.
Couple of other moments I wanna make.
We've got congresswoman Sheila Jackson Lee from Texas.
Supporter of the space program a.
My director Office of Science and Technology Policy in other words my chief science adviser.
John Holdren is here.
And most of -- I -- acknowledge.
Your congresswoman -- -- cosmos.
Every time I meet with her.
Including the flight down here.
Sure reminds me of how important.
Our NASA programs are and how important this facility isn't she is fighting for every single one of you.
And for her district and for the jobs in her district tonight you should know you've got a great champion in congress from gospels please -- -- -- I also want to thank everybody for participating in today's conference and gathered here are scientists and engineers business leaders.
Public servants and a few more office astronauts as well.
And last but not least I want to thank the men and women of -- for welcoming me to the Kennedy Space Center.
And for your contributions not only to America but to the world.
Here -- happy Kennedy space.
We are surrounded by monuments.
It was from here that NASA launched the emissions of Mercury gem and I and Apollo.
Was from here.
Space shuttle discovery.
Pilot by Charlie -- Carried the Hubble telescope in orbit.
Allowing us to plumb the deepest recesses of our galaxy and I should point out by the way that in my private office.
Just off the -- I've got -- picture of Jupiter from the Hubble so thank you Charlie for helping decorate my office.
It was from here that men and women propelled by sheer nerve and talent -- about pushing the boundaries of humanity's reach.
That's the story of mass.
And it's a story that started -- more than half a century ago.
Far from the space coast and -- remote and desolate region of what is now called Kazakhstan.
Because -- -- -- that the Soviet Union launched sputnik.
The first artificial satellite to orbit the earth.
Which was little more than a few pieces of metal with a transmitter and batteries strapped to the top of -- But the world will stop.
Americans were dumbfounded.
It was perceived to have taken the lead in a race.
For which we were not yet fully prepared.
But we caught up very quick.
President Eisenhower signed legislation to create NASA and invest in science and math education.
From grade school to graduate school.
President -- boldly declared before a joint session of congress.
-- the United States would send a man to the moon and return him safely to the earth within the decade.
And as a nation.
We set about meeting that goal.
That have in the decade cents touched every facet of our lives.
NASA was at the forefront.
Many gave their careers to the effort.
Some have given far more.
In the years that -- follow the space race inspired a generation of scientists -- innovators.
Including I'm sure many of you.
It's contributed to immeasurable technological advances that have improved our help and well being.
From satellite navigation to water purification.
From aerospace manufacturing to medical images.
Glad to -- during up a meeting right before I came out on -- somebody says you know it's more than just change and I I had to point -- I actually really like to.
I thought that was.
And and leading the world to space help America achieve new heights of prosperity here on our.
While demonstrating the power of a free and open society.
To harness the ingenuity of it's -- And -- -- personal -- I.
I have been part of that generation.
Saw inspired by the space program.
1961 was -- -- -- the -- the Kennedy made his announcement.
And one of my earliest memories is sitting on my grandfather's shoulders.
Waving the flag of astronauts.
-- arrived in -- For me the space program has always captured an essential part of what it means.
To be in America.
Reaching for new -- stretching beyond what.
Previously did not -- possible.
And so as president I believe that space exploration is not a luxury it's not an after a -- fought in America's quest for a brighter future.
It is an essential part of that -- So today I'd like to talk about the next chapter in the story.
-- the challenges facing our space program are different.
And -- imperative for this program are different than in decades past.
We're no longer -- racing against an adversary we're no longer competing to achieve a singular goal like reaching the moon.
In fact what was once a global competition -- long since become a global collaboration.
While the measure of our achievements has changed a great deal over the past fifty years what we do.
Or failed to do in seeking new frontiers is no less consequential for our future in space and here on our.
Sluggish start by it being extremely clear.
I am 100% committed to the mission of NASA and its future.
He doesn't want.
-- our capabilities in space will continue to serve our society in ways that we can scarcely imagine.
Because exploration -- once more inspire wonder in a new generation.
Sparking passions and launching careers.
And because ultimately if we fail to press forward in the pursuit of discovery we are receiving our future and we are receiving.
That essential element of the American kept.
I know there have been a number of questions raised about my administration's plan first place exploration especially.
In this part of Florida were so many rely on massive source of income as wolf a source of private community.
And these questions come at a time of transition.
As -- space shuttle nears its scheduled retirement after almost thirty years service.
And understandably the -- to the worries -- folks concerned not only about their own futures but about the future of the space program which they've devoted their lives.
But I also know that underlying these concerns and make people -- one that -- not only this -- but this administration.
It stems from the sense that people in Washington.
Driven sometimes left by vision and by politics have for years neglected NASA's mission and undermined the work of professionals who will -- We've seen that in the NASA's budget which -- risen and fallen with the political winds.
We can all share in other words in the reluctance of those who -- office to set clear achievable objectives.
To provide the resources to meet those objectives.
And to justify not just these plans for the larger purpose of space exploration and 40%.
All that has to change.
And what the strategy I'm outlining today it will.
We start by increasing.
NASA's budget by six billion dollars over the next five years.
I want people to understand the context of this.
This is happening even as we have instituted a freeze on discretionary spending.
And sought to make cuts elsewhere in the budget.
So NASA from the start several months ago what I should my budget was one of the areas where we didn't just maintain eight Marines but we actually increased funding.
-- six billion dollars.
By doing that we will ramp up robotic exploration of the solar system.
Including a probe of the sun's atmosphere.
-- scouting missions to Mars and other destinations.
And an advanced telescope to follow Hubble allowing us to peer deeper into the universe than ever before.
We won't increase Perth based observation to improve our understanding of our climate and our world.
Science it will garner tangible benefits.
Helping us to protect our environment for future generations.
And we will extend the life of the International Space Station.
Likely by more than five years while actually using it for its intended purpose.
Research that can help improve the daily lives of people here on earth as well as testing and improving upon our capabilities in space.
This includes technologies like more efficient life support systems the will help reduce the cost of future missions.
And in order to reach the space station we won't work with a -- -- -- -- private companies competing to make.
Getting to space easier and more portable.
Recognizes some of -- It is unfeasible or unwise to work with a private sector in this went.
The truth is -- has always relied on private industry to help design and build the vehicles that carry astronauts to space.
From Mercury capsule that -- John Glenn and Norbert nearly fifty years ago.
To the space shuttle discovery currently orbiting overhead.
By buying the services of space transportation.
Rather than the vehicles themselves we can continue to ensure rigorous safety standards are met.
But we will also accelerate the pace of innovations -- companies.
From young startups and established leaders.
Compete to design and build and launch new means of caring people materials out of our -- In addition.
As part of this up.
We will build on the good work already done on the orient.
Or -- -- crew capsule.
A director Charlie Bolden to immediately begin developing a rescue vehicle using this technology.
So we are not forced to rely on foreign providers if it becomes necessary to quickly bring our people home from the International Space Station.
And this all right effort will be part of the technological foundation for advanced spacecraft to be used in future deep space missions.
In fact -- will be ready for -- fight right here in this world.
We will invest more than three billion dollars.
To conduct research on an advanced heavy lift truck.
A vehicle to efficiently send in orbit the crew capsules propulsion systems.
And large quantities of supplies needed to reach deep space.
I'm developing this new bit.
We will not only look at revising or modifying older models.
We want to look at new designs.
New technologies that will transform.
Not just where we can go below we can do when we get there.
And we will finalize.
A rocket design that no later the point fifteen and then begin to build a and I want -- -- understand that's at least two years earlier than previously planned.
And that's conservative given that the previous program was behind schedule and over budget.
At the same time.
After decades of neglect.
We will increase investment right away in other groundbreaking technologies that will allow astronauts to reach -- sooner and more off.
To travel farther and faster for less cost and to live and work in space for longer periods of time -- safe.
That means tackling major scientific and technological challenges.
How do we shield astronauts from radiation on longer missions.
How do we -- resources.
On distant worlds.
-- resupply spacecraft -- energy needed for these.
Far reaching -- These are questions that we can't answer and will answer and these are the questions.
Whose answers no doubt will -- Untold benefits write your -- So the point is what we're looking for is.
Not just to continue on the same path we want to leap into the future.
We want major breakthrough we'll.
In the present and wrong.
Yes pursuing this new strategy will require that we were buyers.
The old strategy.
Impart this because we -- strategy.
Including the Constellation Program was not fulfilling -- promise in many ways that's not just my assessment.
It's -- -- -- of a panel of respected nonpartisan experts charged with looking at these issues closely.
Despite this some had harsh words for the decisions we make.
Including some individuals who I've got enormous respect and admiration.
What I hope is that everybody will take a look at what we are planning.
Consider the details of what we've laid out and see the merits.
As I've described them.
The bottom line is.
Nobody is more committed.
To manned space flight.
The human exploration of space that I.
But we've got to do it and a smart way.
And we and we can't just keep bond on the same old things that we've been Dolan and thinking that somehow.
Is gonna get us where we want to go.
Summit set for instance that this plan gives up our leadership in space by failing to produce plans.
Within NASA to reach lower -- instead of relying on companies and other countries.
But we will actually -- -- faster and more often under this new plan.
In ways that won't help us improve our technological capacity and lower our costs which are both essential for the long term sustainability of space flight.
In fact to our plan will be sending many more astronauts to space over the next decade.
There are also those who criticize -- decision to and parts of constellation.
As one that won't hinder space exploration below lower corporate.
But it's precisely by investing in ground breaking research and innovative companies.
That we will have the potential to rapidly transform our capabilities.
Even as we build on the important work already completed.
Projects like -- for future missions.
And unlike the previous program we are setting a course with specific and achievable milestones.
Early in the next decade the Senate crewed flights will test and prove the systems required for exploration beyond lower -- MI twenty -- five.
We expect new spacecraft designed for long journeys to allow us to begin the first ever crewed missions beyond the moon into deep space.
So we'll start.
We'll start by sending astronauts to an asteroid.
For the first time in history.
By the mid 20s30s.
I believe we can send humans to orbit Mars and return them safely -- -- And landing on Mars will call and I expect to be around this area.
But I want to repeat I want to repeat this.
Critical to deep space exploration will be the development of breakthrough propulsion systems and other advanced technologies.
So I'm challenging -- to break through these barriers.
And we'll give -- the resources to break through these bears.
And I know you will.
-- ingenuity and intensity because that's what you've always done.
I understand some believe that we should attempt a return to the surface of the moon first.
-- previously planned.
But I just have to -- Pretty bluntly here.
We've been there before.
-- has been that.
There's a lot more of space to explore and a lot more to learn when we do.
So I believe it's more important to ramp up our capabilities to reach and operate at a series of increasingly demanding targets.
While advancing our technological capabilities -- each step forward and that's what this strategy does.
And that's how we -- sure that our leadership in space is even stronger in this new century than what -- -- -- -- I wanna -- a -- word news about jobs.
-- -- Pointed out to -- the last time I was here.
I made it very clear promise that I would help in the transition.
Into -- a new program to make sure that people were already gone through a tough time here.
In this region.
And despite some reports to the contrary.
My plan -- -- more than 2500 jobs along the space coast in the next two years compared to the plan.
Under the previous administration.
I want to make that point.
We're -- to modernize the Kennedy Space Center.
Creating jobs as we got great launch missiles.
And there's potential for even more jobs.
As companies in Florida across America compete to be part of -- -- space transportation industry and some of those in the spring readers are here they're here today.
This holds the promise of generating more than 101000 jobs nationwide over the next few years the many of these jobs will be created right here in Florida.
Because this is an -- -- to lead in this competition.
Now it's true.
There are Floridians.
Will see their work on the shuttle and as the program winds now.
Is based on a decision that was made six years ago.
-- six months ago.
But that does make it any less painful for families and communities affected.
As this decision becomes real.
So I'm proposing.
In part because strong lobbying by bill and by Suzanne.
As well as Charlie I'm proposing a forty million dollar initiative.
Led by -- high level team from the White House -- and other agencies.
To develop a plan for regional economic growth and job creation and I expect this plan to reach my desk by August 15.
It's an effort that will help prepare this -- skilled workforce for new opportunities.
In the space industry and beyond.
So this is the next chapter that we can write together your events.
We will partner within this rate we will invest in cutting edge -- search and technology.
We will set all reaching milestones.
And provide the resources.
To reach those milestones.
And step by step we will push the boundaries not only of where we can go but what we can do.
-- fifty years after the creation -- -- Our goal is no longer just a destination to reach.
Our goal is the capacity for people to work and learn and operate and live safely beyond the -- for extended periods of time.
Ultimately in ways that are more sustainable and even indefinite.
And in fulfilling this test.
We will not only extend humanity's reach in space.
We will strengthen America's leadership here on out.
I'll close by saying this I know that some Americans best.
A question that's particularly apt on tax day.
Why spend money on -- at all.
I spend money solving problems face when we don't.
-- for problems to solve your on the ground.
And obviously our country so reeling from the worst economic turmoil we've known in generations.
We have massive structural deficits that have to be closed in the coming years.
But you and I know.
This is a false -- We have to fix our economy we need to close our deficits work but for pennies on the dollar.
The space program -- -- jobs and entire industries.
For pennies on the dollar the space program has improved our lives advanced our society strengthen our economy and inspire generations of Americans.
And I have no doubt the NASA can continue to fulfill this role.
-- -- -- -- But I wanna I wanna say clearly took.
Those -- you worked for NASA but to the entire community.
That has been -- supportive.
Of the space program in this area.
That is exactly why it's so essential that we pursue a new course and that we revitalize NASA and its mission.
Not just -- dollars but -- clear aims and a larger purpose.
A little more than forty years ago astronauts descended the nine wrong letter of lunar module called the and -- their feet to touch the dusty surface.
Of the Earth's only -- This was the culmination of a daring.
And perilous -- Of an endeavor that pushed the boundaries of our knowledge.
Of our technical prowess.
-- capacities human beings to solve problems.
It wasn't just the greatest achievement in NASA's history was one of the greatest achievements in human history.
The question for us now is whether that was the beginning of something.
Or the end of -- I choose to believe it was only the beginning.
To thank you got a question that god -- -- -- Thank you.
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